Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 653

Full Length Research Paper

Knowledge and management of WEEE by independent repairers in the city of Bouake in a context of health and environmental risk, 2022

S. I. Soumahoro
  • S. I. Soumahoro
  • Regional Office of the National Institute of Public Hygiene, Bouaké, Cote d’ivoire.
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D. P. Kouassi
  • D. P. Kouassi
  • Regional Office of the National Institute of Public Hygiene, Bouaké, Cote d’ivoire.
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A. M. Sokodogo
  • A. M. Sokodogo
  • Regional Office of the National Institute of Public Hygiene, Bouaké, Cote d’ivoire.
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M. Coulibaly
  • M. Coulibaly
  • Regional Office of the National Institute of Public Hygiene, Bouaké, Cote d’ivoire.
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A. D. Kouame
  • A. D. Kouame
  • Regional Office of the National Institute of Public Hygiene, Bouaké, Cote d’ivoire.
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W. A. Tuo
  • W. A. Tuo
  • University Hospital of Bouaké, Cote d’ivoire.
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S. Yéo
  • S. Yéo
  • Regional Office of the National Institute of Public Hygiene, Bouaké, Cote d’ivoire.
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A. Ouattara
  • A. Ouattara
  • University Hospital of Bouaké, Cote d’ivoire.
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J. F. Konan Koffi
  • J. F. Konan Koffi
  • University Hospital of Bouaké, Cote d’ivoire.
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N. J. Soumahoro
  • N. J. Soumahoro
  • University Hospital of Bouaké, Cote d’ivoire.
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A. Moumouni
  • A. Moumouni
  • Directorate of Immunizations Ministry of Public Health, Population and Social Affairs, Niger.
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G. H. A. Yao
  • G. H. A. Yao
  • Regional Office of the National Institute of Public Hygiene, Bouaké, Cote d’ivoire.
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M-E. Ebouat
  • M-E. Ebouat
  • Department of Public Health, Alassane Ouattara University, Bouaké, Cote d’ivoire.
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N. S. Dagnan
  • N. S. Dagnan
  • Department of Public Health, Felix Houphouet Boigny University, Abidjan, Cote d’ivoire.
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  •  Received: 28 September 2022
  •  Accepted: 21 November 2022
  •  Published: 31 December 2022

Abstract

Studies on waste management in Côte d'Ivoire are mostly focused on household and solid waste. It is appropriate to take a sustained look at the management of electrical and electronic equipment waste to better guide policies in this area. This work is a cross-sectional study covering the period from April 1, 2022 to June 30, 2022. The aim was to determine the knowledge and practices of the independent electrical and electronic repairers of the city of Bouaké in terms of electrical and electronic equipment waste (WEEE) management. A comprehensive sample of 307 people was interviewed by means of a questionnaire. The repairers interviewed had already heard of WEEE in 47.2% of cases. They had a good level of knowledge of WEEE in 85.5% of cases. In the final model in multivariate analysis, only the possession of a radio set at home had a significant influence on knowledge of WEEE. Repairers were unaware of the existence of D3E management legislation in 60.7% of cases; apart from humans (84.8%) who were most exposed to the dangers of inappropriate management of WEEE, other entities (air, soil, water, animals) would be polluted according to 36.6, 35.2, 4.1, and 3.4% of repairers, respectively. The most feared type of harm reported is injury (95.65%). Subjects dumped WEEE in a municipal landfill in 32.4% of cases. Sale, empowerment of pre-collection agents, and handing over to a recycling professional, cumulatively represent the most common practice (66.9%).

Key words: Electrical and electronic equipment waste (WEEE), repairers, knowledge, management, Côte d’Ivoire.