Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 612

Full Length Research Paper

Standards and regimentations of biosafety and biosecurity in medical biology laboratories in Togo, 2021

Wemboo Afiwa Halatoko
  • Wemboo Afiwa Halatoko
  • Institut National d'Hygiène, Ministry of Health, Lome, Togo.
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Essozimna Sondou
  • Essozimna Sondou
  • Institut National d'Hygiène, Ministry of Health, Lome, Togo.
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Ghislain Emmanuel Sopoh
  • Ghislain Emmanuel Sopoh
  • Institut Régional de Santé Publique, département de santé et environnement, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Bénin.
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Gnatoulma Katawa
  • Gnatoulma Katawa
  • Ecole Supérieure des Techniques Biologiques et Alimentaires, Université de Lomé, Togo.
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Fandame Boukari
  • Fandame Boukari
  • Faculté de droit, Université de Lomé, Togo.
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Mounérou Salou
  • Mounérou Salou
  • Faculté des Sciences de la Santé, Université de Lomé, Togo.
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Simplice Damintoti Karou
  • Simplice Damintoti Karou
  • Ecole Supérieure des Techniques Biologiques et Alimentaires, Université de Lomé, Togo.
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Egard Marius Ouendo
  • Egard Marius Ouendo
  • Institut Régional de Santé Publique, département de santé et environnement, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Bénin.
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  •  Received: 23 February 2022
  •  Accepted: 19 April 2022
  •  Published: 31 August 2022

Abstract

Legal instruments are necessary for the regulation of programs such as the biosafety and biosecurity (BSS) system in a country, yet little information is available in this sector in Togo. The study conducted aimed to take an analytical look at the normative and regulatory environment of biosafety and biosecurity in medical biology laboratories in Togo. A documentary review was carried out on the web, in the Official Journal, and on governmental sites between January and June 2021. A total of 76 documents were initially identified and then 14 were included in the synthesis. Of the 14 texts regulating the biosafety and biosecurity sector worldwide, 10 have been ratified or are being used in Togo. In total, 05 laws and 02 decrees are in force in the area of BSS in Togo on June 30, 2021. Our study has also allowed us to highlight several activities to be regulated. The approach adopted has revealed a current deficit in terms of regulations in the area of biohazard management in Togo in a multisectoral framework. It is necessary to strengthen the existing regulatory texts by taking into account the areas required internationally.

Key words: Biosafety, biosecurity, regulation, standards, medical biology laboratory.