Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 655

Full Length Research Paper

Health needs assessment of urban areas and the key interventions: A case study of Nairobi City County

Martha W. Kiarie-Makara
  • Martha W. Kiarie-Makara
  • School of Science, Engineering and Health, Daystar University, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Collince Odero Omondi
  • Collince Odero Omondi
  • Department of Public Health, Daystar University, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 22 February 2022
  •  Accepted: 16 October 2023
  •  Published: 31 January 2024


Urbanization has led to complex challenges in healthcare in many cities globally. This study involved a health needs assessment of Nairobi City County to elucidate the health dynamics among the diverse Nairobi City population. The health needs assessment encompassed profiling the Nairobi City County population, identifying the prevailing health priorities, and recommending strategic interventions. The findings show high mortality rates caused by preventable diseases, the youthful population, and behavioural risk factors. In essence, priority health risks include violence, respiratory diseases, accidents, tuberculosis, and preterm birth. Strategies recommended should be evidence-based, including social protection, preventive services, rehabilitation of substance abuse, and housing improvements to combat the health needs identified. This health needs assessment research serves as a significant framework for health planning in urban areas, facilitating interventions that are evidence-based, and tailored to the given needs of the urban population.

Key words: Health needs assessment, urban health, Nairobi City County.