Journal of
Soil Science and Environmental Management

  • Abbreviation: J. Soil Sci. Environ. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2391
  • DOI: 10.5897/JSSEM
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 311

Full Length Research Paper

Use of soil conservation practices in the Southwestern highlands of Uganda

Fungo B.1*, Tenywa M.2, Majaliwa J.3, Kuule M.4 and Kamugisha R.5
  1Department of Forest Biology and Ecosystems Management, Makerere University, P. O. Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda. 2Makerere University Agricultural Research Institute, Kabanyolo (MUARIK), P. O. Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda. 3Makerere University Institute of Environment and Natural Resources, P. O. Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda. 4Kachekano ZARDI, National Agricultural Research Organization, P. O. Box 421, Kabale,Uganda. 5African Highland Initiatives (AHI), Kabale, Uganda.
Email: [email protected], [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 11 May 2011
  •  Published: 21 September 2011



The objective of this study was to determine the nature and extent of use of soil conservation practices, and examine the factors determining their adoption by farmers in Southwestern Uganda. We collected data from 853 households in eight sub counties spread out in three districts (Kabale, Kisoro and Ntungamo) through household interviews. The study area was divided into three categories (low, medium and high) depending on assessment of the level of intervention by development projects in the last 15+ years. The various soil conservation measures used include crop rotation, intercropping, use of cover crops, manure application, trenches/terraces, alley cropping/spacing, mulching, conservation tillage, water harvesting and application of synthetic fertilizers. Generally, the level of use of soil conservation practices can be rated as “moderate” The level of adoption of the soil conservation practices was independent of previous levels of intervention by development projects. The major socio-economic factors affecting adoption of soil conservation practices in Southwestern Uganda are total male as well as total labour force in the household, household size, membership to farmer association, visitation by extension agents and total land size owned. Improvement in soil productivity requires farmers’ collective action, for example, through formation of innovation platforms to hasten technology diffusion.


Key words: Soil conservation, highlands, Southwestern Uganda.