Sewage sludge is considered as a valuable supplement because of its high organic matter, macro and micro nutrients. Its application has been studied in combination with recommended fertilizer dose (NPK is combination of N, P and K) for crops, viz. Kale and Spinach. The experiment comprised nine treatments (T1=0%SS+0%NPK as Control, T2=25%SS+0%NPK, T3=50%SS+0%NPK, T4=75%SS+0%NPK, T5=100%SS+0%NPK, T6=25%SS+75%NPK, T7=50%SS+50%NPK, T8=75%SS+25%NPK and T9=0%SS+100%NPK) which were laid in a completely randomized manner with triplicates. The study revealed that morphological characters, viz. root length plant-1, shoot length plant-1, root fresh and dry biomass, leaf area index and weight of edible part were significantly higher in T9 (0%SS+100%NPK) in both kale and spinach. Similarly, leaf area was significantly higher in T8 (75%SS+25% NPK) treatment in both kale and spinach. The various parameters related to plant quality like ascorbic acid, carbohydrate content and protein content were significantly higher with application of 75% Sewage sludge+25%NPK and hence improve growth, yield and quality of kale and spinach.
Keywords: Sewage sludge, NPK, growth, yield, quality, kale, spinach