Risk factors, prevention and control strategies for surgical site infections in veterinary practice in Nigeria - A review
Surgical site infections (SSIs) are surgery associated nosocomial infections with multifactorial etiologies. They are adverse events that have placed heavy burden on surgery universally and have bedeviled veterinary surgery practice in Nigeria for decades, with consequent severe morbidity, mortality, financial and psychological burden on animal owners. In this paper, information on current universal trend of SSIs,...
Risk factors of haemoparasites and some haematological parameters of slaughtered trade cattle in Maiduguri, Nigeria
This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of haemoparasites and some haematological parameters of slaughtered trade cattle in Maiduguri abattoir. A total of 120 blood samples were randomly collected from cattle between January and July, 2014. The samples were screened for haemoparasites by examining Giemsa stained thin blood films. Microhaematocrit centrifugation technique was used for determination of packed...
Seroprevalence and risk factors for reproductive diseases in dairy cattle in Mexico
The purpose of the study was to estimate seroprevalence of four reproductive diseases: brucellosis, bovine virus diarrhea (BVD), neosporosis and bovine respiratory rhinotracheitis (IBR) in dairy cattle in Mexico. In a stratified multi-stage design, 4,487 serum samples were collected in 182 herds from different states of Mexico. Epidemiologic and spatial information was also collected to evaluate risk factors and...
Newcastle disease: Seroprevalence and associated risk factors in backyard and small scale chicken producer farms in Agarfa and Sinana Districts of Bale Zone, Ethiopia
A cross-sectional study on seroprevalence of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) antibodies in backyard and small-scale chicken producer farms in Agarfa and Sinana districts was conducted using hemagglutination inhibition test (HAI) from February, 2015 to May, 2015. A total of 384 chicken sera were randomly collected from ten kebeles of the selected districts. Hemagglutination inhibition (HAI) test was used to analyze 384...
A study on prevalence of paramphistomum in cattle slaughtered in Gondar Elfora Abattoir, Ethiopia
A cross sectional study was carried out from October 2010 to April 2011 in Gondar Elfora Abattoir to determine the prevalence of paramphistomosis in cattle (local, cross) breeds which were came from highland, mid highland and lowland areas. Three hundred eighty-four (384) cattle were included for routine ante-mortem and postmortem examination for the presence of paramphistomum. The parasite was examined grossly and...