African Journal of
Political Science and International Relations

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0832
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPSIR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 403

AJPSIR Articles

Praetorians and school climate in Lagos-based higher schools

November 2010

This investigation views insecurity in tertiary institutions as a product of the socialization process.  Following Truman’s exposition, it therefore uses the group theory as the basis for analyzing issues of safety in some higher schools in Lagos State.  It identifies the armed group, revealing the fact that there are many variants.  It argues that like all other organizations in the larger society,...

Author(s): Segun Afuape

Modelling the nexus between defense spending and economic growth in asean- 5: Evidence from co-integrated panel analysis

November 2010

The paper explores the nexus between defense spending and economic growth in the five ASEAN countries namely, namely Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand over the period 1988 - 2007. The empirical analysis is based on co-integration and causality test at the individual level and panel level. The findings suggest the presence of unidirectional causality from economic growth to defense spending in...

Author(s): Rudra P. Pradhan

Does the social relationship matter? The corporate social responsibility

November 2010

A research into the impact of social capital (SC) on economic growth was focused mainly on civil society’s social capital (SC). The SC related to the enterprises has still received little attention. On the other hand, the design, implementation and evaluation of large-scale development projects have traditionally been efficiency-driven and dominated by engineering approaches that emphasize physical outputs and...

Author(s): Gediminas Mačys and Juozas Vijeikis

The impact of good governance on development and poverty in Africa: Botswana - a relatively successful African initiative

October 2010

Botswana was one of the poorest countries in Africa when it obtained independence in 1966. Owing to the desolation that prevailed at the time, Botswana was considered a hopeless case. This article seeks to show case how good governance impacted on development and poverty in Botswana. Botswana is one of the few African countries that have remained intact since independence, despite the challenges it faced, and at the...

Author(s): David Sebudubudu

A survey of MPs’ opinions about the challenges of blending executive and legislative functions of government under Ghana’s 1992 Constitution

October 2010

Since the inauguration of the fourth republican constitution in 1993, concerns have been raised about the effect of article 78 (1) on executive-legislature relations, the legislature’s oversight role and the workings of the legislature and the performance of legislators. The aim of this study was to examine legislators’ perceptions about the impact and implications of article 78 (1) on the work of...

Author(s): E. Kojo Sakyi

Autocrats’ modes of exit, rents and crisis in Africa

October 2010

Studies analyzing dictators’ duration in power do not generally distinguish the way through which rulers are booted out. In consequence, a destabilizing effect is attributed to some variables without specifying and testing the mechanisms through which this effect may operate. In this paper, we argue that ‘regular’ leadership changes stem from the incumbent’s incapacity to thwart elite defection...

Author(s): Abel Escribà-Folch

Who's who: Transnational corporations and nation states interface over the theoretical shift into their relationship

June 2010

The complex relationships that occur between countries, market and private actors have been simplified in theoretical approaches such as realism, neo-liberalism and globalization. However, their relationship is not a zero-sum game but one of ‘complex governance’ where all actors have to be considered to understand the changes in the international system.   Key words: Trans-national...

Author(s): Mia Mahmudur Rahim

Democracy and good governance: Nigeria’s dilemma

June 2010

Despite its enormous resources and huge potentialities, Nigeria remains grossly undeveloped. Consequently, political instability, abject poverty, acute youth unemployment, heightened crime rate, poor health prospects and widespread malnourishment have been the main features of Nigeria’s political economy. The development tragedy in Nigeria fits into the trends of political instability for which Africa has become...

Author(s): Ilufoye Sarafa Ogundiya

Rural-urban migration of young persons from selected conflict ridden communities in Rivers State: A sociological approach

June 2010

Migration could be voluntary or involuntary. The paper examines the involuntary movement of young persons or child labour (youth) from conflict communities of Ogbogoro, Ogbakiri, Rumuekpe and Rumuolumeni, in Rivers State. The techniques deplored are the interview and focus group discussion (FGD) methods in collecting data. The theoretical framework is hinged on the Marxist political economy theory. Its focus is on the...

Author(s): Eze Wosu and A. Kinikanwo Anele

The role of opposition in Nigerian politics

June 2010

In a political and truly democratic endeavour, the foundational basis for balance leads to the horizontal separation of powers rather than any vertical formulation of any kind of corruption of this pragmatic ethos. Central to this balance in government is that of the expression of opposition on a parallel political level. This paper delves into the nature, both legal and philosophical, of opposition in politics...

Author(s): Wahab O. Egbewole and Muhtar A. Etudaiye

The performance of the Malawi Congress Party in general elections: The role of sectionalism of a regional and ethnic nature

June 2010

In this article, an attempt has been made to explain the performance of the Malawi Congress Party (MCP) in the general elections by focusing mainly on the 2009 presidential and parliamentary elections in which the MCP lost overwhelmingly. Specifically, the role of sectionalism of a regional and ethnic nature on the MCP’s national level performance was examined. Different kinds of data from the Malawi electoral...

Author(s): Collins Greenwell Matchaya

Contextualizing "Muridiyyah" within the American muslim community: Perspectives on the past, present and future

June 2010

This paper examines the presence of the West African Sufi order, known as the Muridiyyah, within the broader context of muslims in America. The advent of the Murids in the American muslim community has not been the object of much research. This paper draws on the historical experience of the American muslim community in order to situate the Muridiyyah within these temporal and spatial parameters. Based on analyzing...

Author(s): Mbaye Lo and Aman Nadhiri

U. S. foreign policymaking toward Ethiopia and Somalia (1974 - 1980)

June 2010

The US policy in the Horn of Africa during the 1970’s was marked by the constraints posed by the international environment. The twin pillar policy formulated by the Nixon and Kissinger administration and later by the Ford administration was continued in its basic purposes by the Carter administration*. However, Carter’s policy major shift in 1979 – 1980 was not marked by the Soviet support for Ethiopia...

Author(s): Ioannis Mantzikos

Satisfaction with democracy in Sub-Saharan Africa: Assessing the effects of system performance

May 2010

This paper examines the relationship between system performance and satisfaction with democracy in sub-Saharan African countries. On the basis of comparable survey data from the third round of Afrobarometer from 2005, we have assessed a number of economic and political performance indicators. In doing this, we employ an elaborate theoretical framework and multilevel analysis. The results show that system performance is...

Author(s): Michael Guldbrandtsen and Svend-Erik Skaaning

Social capital, indigeneity and identity politics: The Jos crisis in perspective

May 2010

The thrust of the paper is to critically examine how the concept of social capital can be a useful tool in the building and advancement of peace, community trust, cooperation and access to justice in conflict-torn environments like Nigeria; that is, social capital to serve as a mechanism to mediate and/or moderate the inter and intra-communal conflicts and enhance the capacity of the Nigerian state to pursue and promote...

Author(s): Chris C. Ojukwu and C. A. Onifade

The dialectics of reform: The theory and methodological praxis of reform

May 2010

From a purely theoretical perspective, this article explored the concept of reform which is usually taken for granted. It built a typology of the concept in terms of content, context, scope, cause, strategies, actors, outcome, etc. with the simple objective of providing a suitable conceptual framework for evaluating social, economic and political reforms in an operationally useful manner. Using this typology, the...

Author(s): Okechukwu Basil C. Nwankwo

Political parties and the prospects of democratic consolidation in Nigeria: 1999 - 2006

May 2010

The existence of vibrant political parties is a sine qua non for democratic consolidation in any polity. In Nigeria’s First and Second Republics, political parties were regionally based, and their activities led to the collapse of those experiments. This paper explores an important aspect of Nigeria’s Fourth Republic politics, which is about the role of the PDP (Peoples Democratic Party) in general and...

Author(s): O. Robert Dode

Challenges of technology mediated approach to counselling in the National Open University of Nigeria

April 2010

The main thrust of this paper is to identify impediments militating against the provision of quality guidance and counselling services through technologically mediated approach in the National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN). The current trend all over the world points on how transformation of counselling from mechanical phases to digital phases, which will enhances quick and quality service delivery. NOUN as...

Author(s): Fidel O. Okopi

Foreign aid, the Third World’s debt crisis and the implication for economic development: The Nigerian experience

April 2010

The nature of interdependence of nations necessitates granting of aid to needy countries. Theorists, however, vary in their approaches of the factors that contributed to the development of the underdevelopment of the Third World. While the bourgeois scholars argued that the underdevelopment and dependency situation of the Third World was due to the internal contradictions of this group of countries arising from bad...

Author(s): Funso Aluko and Dare Arowolo

Political culture as a source of political instability: The case of Lesotho

April 2010

This article considers Lesotho’s political history and culture, a political history characterised by rebellious chiefs who had rejected Christianity and who were heavily armed and fought numerous wars against their black and white neighbours. Its argument is that the state’s dysfunctionality in small Lesotho is a result of a political culture and history of armed resistance, producing rebellious political...

Author(s): Zibani Maundeni

U.S. development diplomacy in Africa: From Bill Clinton to George W. Bush

April 2010

By means of descriptive approach and content-analysis of documentary sources collected from two U.S embassies in Africa (Lagos and Pretoria), the article examines the U.S development diplomacy in Africa during the Clinton years and the early directions of George W. Bush’s policy toward Africa. The article is broadly divided into three sections. The first part deals with introduction, motivation and methodology....

Author(s): Adewale Banjo

Ghanaian opinions on democracy, inter-communal violence and conflict in Sub-Saharan Africa

April 2010

This survey research explores and presents the opinions of people in Ghana on several key areas: democracy and inter-communal violence, conflict in sub-Saharan Africa, Kenyan electoral violence during December 2007/February 2008 and salient issues and problems in Ghana. The study drawing on 407 participants reveal the following: A preference for representative democracy, agreement that there is no perfect electoral...

Author(s): Idris Sharif

The effects of leadership strategies on underdevelopment in sub-Saharan Africa: A comparative perspective

March 2010

This article looks at the impact of leadership strategies on underdevelopment in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) in a comparative perspective. Using survey data from the World Bank, the Afrobarometer and the freedom house index, it refutes the conventional developmental argument, demonstrating that the effect of economic growth on poverty reduction is more balanced than usually recognized. It also shows that even though SSA...

Author(s): Mathieu Petithomme

China’s foray into Africa: Ideational underpinnings and geoeconomic interests

March 2010

China’s new foreign policy stance in Africa is a marked departure from its previous emphasis on purely ideational principles designed to strengthen its standing as a supporter of the Third World. The ideational affinity with Africa has not changed in China’s foreign policy discourse, but the new emphasis is on an aggressive pursuit of its geoeconomic and geopolitical interests on the continent, marked by an...

Author(s): Chaldeans Mensah

Multiparty politics dynamics in Uganda

March 2010

  In liberal democracy, it is obvious political parties play a critical role in deepening democratic process. Besides, providing veritable avenue for popular participation, they are celebrated mechanism for political mobilization, guiding policy formulation, implementation and much more significant guards against dictatorship. In Uganda, there is evidence that political parties have not been adequately...

Author(s): Kakuba Sultan Juma

Ethiopia’s invasion of Somalia in 2006: Motives and lessons learned

February 2010

Ethiopia’s invasion of Somalia in late 2006 may go down in history as one of the most daring if not imprudent strategic decision any African government has made on its neighbour. Ethiopia’s actions to invade Somalia gets more perplexing, considering it seemed unprovoked and should have been more circumspective given Ethiopia’s own history as a victim of unprovoked invasion by Italy and its myriad...

Author(s): Napoleon A. Bamfo

Zimbabwe sanctions: An analysis of the “Lingo” guiding the perceptions of the sanctioners and the sanctionees

February 2010

This paper analyzes how the values premised in Zimbabwe’s colonial history and liberation struggle, ideological differences and partocracy have influenced the perspectives of the Zimbabwe and the Western governments respectively in understanding the causes that led to the imposition of sanctions on Zimbabwe. Furthermore, this article explores the nature of Zimbabwe sanctions by making comparative analysis of the...

Author(s): Heather Chingono

Women’s participation and the political process in Nigeria: Problems and prospects

February 2010

Nigerian women constitute about half of the population of the country and are known to play vital roles as mother, producer, time manager, community organizer and social and political activist. But despite the major roles they play and their population, the society has not given recognition to these and to the fact that they are discriminated against. This is due to some cultural stereotype, abuse of religion,...

Author(s): Damilola Taiye Agbalajobi

Ecocentric and anthropocentric policies and crises in climate/environment, finance and economy: Implications of the emerging green policy of the Obama administration for Africa’s sustainable development

January 2010

Advanced economies responded to recent global financial meltdown and economic recession by implementing “green” economic stimulus packages concentrating on environmentally-friendly and sustainable technologies. We examined this emerging paradigm against Sub-Saharan Africa’s under-development (prolonged poverty, economic stagnation/decline, weak structures, processes, institutions and attitudes required...

Author(s): Richard Ingwe, Joseph C. Ebegbulem and C. C. C. Ikeji

The effectiveness of decentralization policy in Ghana: A case study of Komenda-Edina-Eguafo-Abrim (KEEA) and Abura –Asebu- Kwamankese (AAK) districts in Ghana

January 2010

This research aims at assessing the effectiveness of decentralization policies in Ghana with a case study conducted at Komenda–Edina–Eguafo–Abaim (KEEA) and Abura–Asebua-Kwamankese (AAK) districts in the Central Region of Ghana, the formulation and implementation of the policies and how they relate to the health, education and water sectors in the country. An interview guide was used to obtain...

Author(s): Godwin Ramous Kwame Egbenya

Linking DDR and SSR in post conflict peace- building in Africa: An overview

January 2010

This paper is an overview of the linkage between the processes of disarmament, demobilization, and rehabilitation (DDR) and Security Sector Reform (SSR). It makes the case for developing an integrated approach in trying to understand the complementary relationship between DDR and SSR by drawing on a number of peace building experiences on the African continent. The paper concludes with a number of recommendations for...

Author(s): W. Andy Knight

The Sudan’s dimensions: A country divided by ethnicity and religion

December 2009

The words ethnic group and religion have been greatly controversial in world politics and especially in the developing world. This has been evidenced in the world that the word ethnic group and religion have created civil unrests within many countries and not just on the African Continent. This means that the communities which based their lives on ethnic groups have a different view of the term than the non-ethnic group...

Author(s): Chuei D. Mareng    

African Diaspora and control of HIV infection due to unsafe medical practices in Africa

December 2009

Members of the African Diaspora have been portrayed as defectors, disloyal to their motherland. Such over generalized characterizations unfortunately risk clouding a complex reality and masking the positive involvement of a large number of Africans of the Diaspora in African affairs, particularly in the context of the HIV/AIDS crisis. One illustration of this involvement is a pilot project undertaken by US-based members...

Author(s): Ngoyi K. Zacharie Bukonda and Tumba Ghislain Disashi    

From no- party to multi-party competition: Analysing women’s candidature in Uganda’s 2006 national elections

November 2009

This article examines the question of women’s candidature in Uganda’s multi-party elections in 2006. For 20 years since 1986, Uganda was governed under a no-party system known as Movement. Under this system electoral competition took place within a framework of individual merit where nomination was based on one’s individual decision to stand for public office. Within this same period there was...

Author(s): Josephine Ahikire and Aramanzan Madanda

The crown of sciences: Can it be just a science? The journey of political science in the 20th century

November 2009

Throughout history there was an agreement that the position of Political Science is at the peak of the hierarchy of social and human disciplines. In Aristotle’s view, politics touches on all aspects of public life that the rulers should deal with. Therefore, Political Science, by nature, is different from all other fields of knowledge. The history of its development in the twentieth century is a manifestation of...

Author(s): Nasr M. Arif

Factors affecting voting behaviour and voting patterns in Zimbabwe’s 2008 harmonized elections

November 2009

Elections in Zimbabwe 2008 reflected a changing behaviour and pattern that has existed since her attainment of independence in 1980. History has it that the ruling ZANU PF has always had a sweet and easy victory over the opposition.  The 2008 elections reflected a different picture. The 2008 elections were unique not only in as far as results are concerned but also in as far as the indirect and direct...

Author(s): Didmus Dewa

Disciplinary regime, neo-liberal bio-power and alienation of national sovereignty in Cameroon: Political economy of the imprisoned body

November 2009

This study found out that Cameroon’s national sovereignty and prospects of development were alienated because globalization came to most African countries in the 1980s as a form of capitalist power with new norms that humanized disciplinary institutions in the country. It invaded all the vital sectors of the population’s life and rendered the state apparatus deviant. This power system then enabled proponents...

Author(s): Alfred Ndi    

Globalization: The theory and practice of citizenship in Africa

November 2009

Deeply articulated with the nation state, citizenship has acquired different connotations. This paper highlights how some of the major changes in our world such as globalization and the human rights regime affect the relationships between nation states and their citizens. It also show the extent these major global changes are actually affecting this most national of institutions.   Key...

Author(s): Nwaogu Kelechi Paul and Nwaogu Paul Oka

From accommodation to discrimination and exclusion: The changing pattern of inter-group relations in Nigeria

November 2009

Interactions amongst the various ethnic groups making up the Nigerian polity, pre and immediate post-independence, were seldom adversarial. They dwelt on respect, mutual understanding and accommodation of differences. Religious festivals were celebrated communally; inter-creed and inter-ethnic marriages were not so frowned against; residing outside ones ethnic locality was not packed with apprehensions.  Also, such...

Author(s): Azeez O. Olaniyan

Children as a source of happiness within the Iranian families: Profiles and challenges

November 2009

The broad intention of the present paper is to reflect a picture of children within families in Iran in so far as their value is concerned. We will find out how inspite of all the existing social and economic hardships and disorders, children try to maintain adequate synergy within their families and the society as a whole. Further, the paper is intended to provide a detailed overview of children lives in Iran in...

Author(s): Mohammad Taghi Sheykhi

The challenges of regional integration in Southern Africa

October 2009

Regional integration is increasingly being accepted as essential in facilitating economic and political development. Yet dominant development theories informing policy have yet to integrate ‘integration theory’ into their models. In Southern Africa, the attempt to achieve regional integration using ‘disintegrative’ development models has led to paralysis and pain. This paper highlights this...

Author(s): Mark Chingono and Steve Nakana

Regional conflict resolution mechanisms: A comparative analysis of two African security complexes

October 2009

The need for regional organizations to take up the resolution of the conflicts in their region or security complex has become important especially following the end of the cold war. Two regional security complexes in Africa, namely ECOWAS and SADC are examined in the light of conflicts erupting in their regions - Liberia and Sierra Leone in the ECOWAS and Lesotho and DR Congo in the SADC sub regions. The paper examines...

Author(s): Essuman-Johnson A.

The role approach as a theoretical framework for the analysis of foreign policy in third world countries

October 2009

The study of foreign policy usually focuses on the foreign policy of strong states. It is less common to analyze the foreign policy of Third World countries, not only because Third World countries are regarded as too weak and vulnerable to be influential externally, but also because finding an appropriate theoretical framework for the study of foreign policy in Third World countries is an extremely complex task. Against...

Author(s): Sofiane Sekhri    

Globalisation of the Nile perch: Assessing the socio-cultural implications of the Lake Victoria fishery in Uganda

October 2009

This is a review article that combines research findings to highlight the negative effects of Uganda’s adoption of the liberalization policies in its fisheries sector. Using Lake Victoria as a case study, the paper discusses the impact of a liberalised fisheries industry on the socio-cultural landscape of small-scale/artisanal fishers and fishery-dependent communities in Uganda. Dominated by the Nile perch,...

Author(s): Kayiso Fulgencio    

The privatized state and mass poverty in Nigeria: The factor of economic development programmes since 1980s

October 2009

The Nigeria state has adopted many development options since 1960. In-built in these options are numerous poverty alleviation programmes aimed at reducing and or eradicating poverty within a given time frame. It is paradoxical that while these programmes are on course, poverty level grows geometrically. This paper explores the phenomenon with a view to establish the primary factor responsible for it and to establish...

Author(s): Malachy Chukwuemeka Eze    

‘Crime’, poverty, political corruption and conflict In apartheid and post apartheid South Africa: The implications on economic development

October 2009

The transition to a democratic, elected, non-racial government, which set in motion in early 1990, stirred a debate on the course of economic policies to accomplish sustained economic growth, while at the same time remedying the poverty, and other socio economic discrepancies generated by apartheid government. These include inequality and unemployment (particularly in the black South Africans), corruption, rash in...

Author(s): Brian-Vincent Ikejiaku    

An overview of pseudo-therapeutic approaches to poverty in Nigeria: The citizens and the state

September 2009

Mounting pressures on poverty eradication on world scale is informed by it severity   and impact on the poor and the disadvantaged. In Nigeria for instance, where its large population lived in rural communities and engaged in subsistence agriculture they are said to be the worse hit; their condition is exacerbated by poor rural infrastructure, bad governance, unsustainable population growth, ethno-religious...

Author(s): Jonathan S. Maiangwa    

Understanding the crisis of development in Africa: Reflections on Bedford Umez’s analysis

September 2009

Despite the presence of huge mineral and human resources found in Africa, the continent has remained a victim of underdevelopment. This has prompted several efforts by scholars, African leaders and the international development agencies to understand and solve the development crisis. This paper is a review of Bedford Umez’s analysis of the development crisis in Nigeria. The paper exposed the implications of...

Author(s): M. Alumona Ikenna    

Resource conflict among farmers and Fulani herds men: Implications for resource sustainability

September 2009

This study describes the traditional relationship between farmers and Fulani herdsmen in the incessant resource conflict witnessed in Kogi State, Nigeria and how it affects livelihood security of those involved and resource sustainability for the communities. These conflicts are most responsible for the unsustainable utilization of land and water resources as the trampling by the hooves of herds of cattle compacts the...

Author(s): E. Tenuche Marietu  and O. Ifatimehin Olarewaju    

Political intolerance as a clog in the wheel of democratic governance: The way forward

September 2009

This paper synoptically discusses the concept of political (in)tolerance and its implication on any democratic setting alongside with the concept of governance.  Against this background, it argues that most African states took over from centralized and unrepresentative colonial ethnic and religious separatism – tribalism – and become victims to centrifugal aspirations of ambitious politicians...

Author(s): S. T. Akindele, O. R. Olaopa and N. F. Salaam    

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