International Journal of
Nursing and Midwifery

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Nurs. Midwifery
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2456
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJNM
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 212

IJNM Articles

HIV/AIDS care, coping strategies and work environmental stress among nurses in Botswana

May 2013

  Since 2006 there has been universal acceptance in both developing and industrializedsocieties that HIV treatment and related services, including more effective programs, be available to all citizens. However, as a result of the worldwide recession and shifting health priorities, progress toward these goals has stalled. While the epidemic continues to grow (approximately 34 million globally, with 2.7 million...

Author(s): Thabo T. Fako, Debra R. Wilson, James G. Linn and Ntonghanwah Forcheh

The role of beliefs and practices in health on patients’ compliance

May 2013

  The degree of influence of traditional beliefs and practices of a person as part of his or her cultural background is indeed a creative molder of a person’s behavior such as attitudes, beliefs and practices regarding health promotion and prevention of illness. This study determined the correlation between health beliefs and practices and the compliance with discharge instructions, particularly on home...

Author(s): Palompon R. Daisy

Experience of sexual harassment and coping strategies among students of the school of nursing of a tertiary hospital in Southwest Nigeria

May 2013

  This descriptive cross-sectional study documented the experience of sexual harassment (SH) and coping strategies among 250 consenting students of University College Hospital, Ibadan school of nursing, using a pre-tested questionnaire.Descriptive statistics and Chi-square test were used to analyze the data at 5% level of significance. Mean age was 23.0 ± 4.1 years, 78.8% were females and 91.2%...

Author(s): Oyedunni Sola Arulogun, Isaac Kayode Omotosho, and Musibau Ayoade Titiloye

Decision-making for use of complementary and alternative therapies by pregnant women and nurse midwives during pregnancy: An exploratory qualitative study

May 2013

  Millions of people use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies. Such therapies are used across a wide spectrum of health conditions, but the use is particularly notable during pregnancy. Despite the widespread use, little is known about the perceptions of patients and clinicians in deciding about use of varied therapies. This study describes pregnant women and obstetrical provider (nurse...

Author(s): Marie Hastings-Tolsma and Deborah Vincent

The prevalence, management and outcome of primary postpartum haemorrhage in selected health care facilities in Nigeria

April 2013

One of the millennium development goals set by the United Nations is to reduce maternal mortality by three quarters by 2015. The achievement of this goal must focus on understanding the dynamics of the causes of maternal mortality and removing such causes. Postpartum haemorrhage ranks high among the causes of maternal mortality, especially in Nigeria. This study was designed to determine the prevalence, management and...

Author(s): A. E. Olowokere, O. A. Adekeye, A. Ogunfowokan, O. E. Olagunju and O. O. Irinoye

Nursing education and workforce development: Implications for maternal health in Anambra State, Nigeria

April 2013

The relationship between nursing and maternal health presents a legitimate policy discussion. In this qualitative descriptive study, the views of nurse experts on the current status of nursing and midwifery education, and workforce development issues as they relate to maternal health in Nigeria was explored. Focus was on experts as they constitute important players in policy decisions related to nursing workforce and...

Author(s): Mabel Chiemeka Ezeonwu

Perceived relative factors influencing nurses’ practice of health promotion for women in Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria

April 2013

Socio-cultural factors negate the health of women. Therefore, health promotion as a focus of nursing practice aimed at capitalizing on the inherent capacities of women to establish health priorities, goals and strategies to improve their health. A descriptive survey with the purpose of ascertaining the influence of culture, social and health policies on nurses’ practice of health promotion was undertaken. Three...

Author(s): P. E. Samson-Akpan, O. B. Edet, I. I. Akpabio and E. F. Asuquo

Evaluation of the rationale for assessing student nurses on urine testing by nursing council examiners

April 2013

This study aimed at evaluating the rationale for assessing student nurses on urine testing by the nursing council examiners, was carried out using questionnaire. The council examiners were located at nursing conferences and were randomly selected. The results show that most of the respondents exhibited poor knowledge of blood glucose levels and their rationale for examining the student on urine glucose were based on...

Author(s): Ndie Elkenah Chubike

Nursing education in Africa: South Africa, Nigeria, and Ethiopia experiences

March 2013

This paper studies the development of nursing education in Africa and it is limited to three countries namely, South Africa, Nigeria and Ethiopia. Two cardinal periods are covered which are, colonial and post colonial. But Ethiopia is the only African country that has technically, never been colonised as it successfully repulsed Italy’s attempt at occupying it. The reason for this study is to assist modern...

Author(s): Bethabile Lovely Dolamo and Simeon Keyada Olubiyi

The attitudes of student nurses toward clinical work

March 2013

Clinical work in nursing education is an important component of the nursing curriculum aimed at actively engaging student nurses with the necessary skills needed for the nursing profession. The attitude of nursing students toward clinical work is becoming a topic of interest for nursing researchers. The objectives of the study were to determine the perspective of practicing nurses on students’ attitude toward...

Author(s): Dorothy Awuah-Peasah, Linda Akuamoah Sarfo and Florence Asamoah

Just and sustainable global nurse-midwifery clinical education exchanges: Lessons learned

January 2013

  The severe shortage of skilled maternity care providers in countries with low resources results in a staggering number of maternal and newborn deaths annually. University nursing and nurse-midwifery programs are especially well-equipped to participate in multi-lateral and bi-lateral education collaborations to address this shortage. This paper presents a perspective on how universities in well-resourced...

Author(s): Terri Patrice Clark

Analyzing the brunt trouble of information and communication technologies in the delivery of reproductive health care service in health centers of Shirvan, North Khorasan, Iran

January 2013

This study analyzed the potential impact of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in the delivery of reproductive health care services. Twelve health establishments located in the districts under the coverage of the micro-Telco were selected. Of the twelve establishments, only ten were found open at the time of the visit. A total of 15 surveys were personally administered by the author. A questionnaire was...

Author(s): Kazemzadeh Mohammad Reza and Esmaeilzadeh Mahdi

Reforms in higher nursing education in High Medical School of Bitola by Bologna declaration

December 2012

Nursing education in Europe and North America was reviewed, together with European Commission directives and regulations and pertinent World Health Organization documents. The new practical models for education are preferred. The aim of our research is to analyze the effect of education of nurses with faculty degree using one actual health activity.  A total of 65 students in their third year of theoretical and...

Author(s): Elizabeta Popova-Ramova and Anastasika Poposka

Preterm twins cardio-respiratory, thermal and maternal breast temperature responses to shared kangaroo care

December 2012

Kangaroo Care (KC) is practiced in Neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) rather frequently but predominantly with mothers of single infant. Mothers of twins often expressed a desire to do KC with their twins. Simultaneously holding both twins is called Shared Kangaroo Care (SKC). Two previous case studies of SKC could be found and have encouraged the practice of SKC prior to sufficient evidence of acceptable...

Author(s): Amel M. Abouelfettoh and Susan M. Ludington-Hoe

Global warming: Implications for nursing

November 2012

The environment plays a significant part in human development, human health and diseases. Over the years, the environment has been progressively harsh, due to global warming (GW). The increase in the production of green house gases has resulted in enhanced greenhouse effect which has also resulted in changing epidemiological pattern of diseases. Nursing, being a responsive profession is not Immuned to the effects of...

Author(s): Ojewale, Lucia Yetunde and Oyetunde, Modupe Olusola

Maternal seafood consumption in highly educated women is reduced in pregnancy: A pilot study

November 2012

Oily fish is a unique natural source to vitamin D and marine n-3 fatty acids. The aim of the present study was to investigate from where pregnant women get dietary advices and whether they eat seafood during pregnancy or not. A self-selected convenience sample (n = 43) of highly educated women responded to a self-administrated web based questionnaire. The women reduced their intake of both lean (p < 0.013) and oily...

Author(s): Marian K. Malde, Anita R. Alvheim, Linn Anne B. Brunborg and Ingvild E. Graff

Midwifery students’ willingness to provide manual vacuum aspiration in Ghana

May 2012

Abortion remains one of the leading causes of maternal mortality in the developing world. Midwives are more likely to provide services to more than half of the world’s population residing in rural areas than other healthcare providers. When properly trained, midwives are able to safely provide manual vacuum aspiration (MVA). As part of a larger study, final-year midwifery students took part in a computer-based...

Author(s): Sarah Rominski, Emmanuel Nakua, Peter Ageyi-Baffour, Mawuli Gyakobo and Jody R. Lori

A comparative study of mental health services in two African countries: South Africa and Nigeria

May 2012

Mental health services in South Africa and Nigeria were compared using the reports of World Health Organization Assessment Instrument for Mental Health Systems (WHO-AIMS) of both countries. WHO-AIMS assessment reveals the extent of implementation and provision of mental health care services. South Africa has made considerable progress with restructuring its mental health care system that provides mental health care at...

Author(s): Jack-Ide I. O., Uys L. R. and Middleton L. E.

Quality assurance package for health care in Nigeria: The case of Akwa Ibom State

April 2012

Persistent poor health care quality attributable to non-responsive alien models necessitated this study to develop quality assurance package (QAP) for health care in Nigeria with focus on Akwa Ibom State. Quality assurance index (QAI) was the instrument for data collection. A multi-stage random sample of 340 respondents was drawn from 840 health managers in primary health care settings in the state. The research and...

Author(s): Maria Michael Ikorok, Idongesit Ibanga Akapbio and Lucas O. Ogunjimi

Curbing maternal and child mortality: The Nigerian experience

April 2012

The paper examined the unacceptable high maternal and child mortality in Africa using Nigeria as a case study. Place and duration of study were the Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, University of Calabar, and Department of Public Health Nursing, College of Health Technology, Calabar, Nigeria, between February, 2010 and April, 2011. The opportunity created by the presence of over 300 Nurses at the 2010...

Author(s): Ogunjimi Lucas Olusegun, Ibe, Rosemary Thomas and Ikorok Maria Micheal

Low birth weight knowledge among postnatal mothers in a resource restricted urban setting in Zimbabwe

April 2012

This study aimed to establish the knowledge of postnatal mothers about low birth weight (LBW) in a resource restricted urban setting. A non-experimental descriptive study was conducted using a systematic sampling method to select fifty mothers aged between 15 and 41 years with babies below five years born with LBW of below 2500 grams. The women were selected as they sought health care at Mabvuku Satellite Clinic in...

Author(s): Helen Vupenyu Gundani and Jesca Mutowo

Impacts of virulence factors of Streptococcus mutans isolates on the pathogenesis of acute vaginitis

March 2012

Streptococcus mutans, known to be an etiologic agent of dental caries, also causes infective endocarditis. Adherence of these bacteria results from the interaction of adhesions that form part of their structure with salivary components (or other body’s fluids), specifically those that compose the acquired pellicle. In the present study, acute vaginitis samples (vaginal swabs) were investigated from pregnant women...

Author(s): Mohammed Sh. Jebur

Awareness on HIV/AIDS and prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV/AIDS among stake holders and people living with HIV/AIDS in Dharan municipality, Sunsari, Nepal

March 2012

PMTCT (prevention of mother to child transmission) is a commonly used term for an intervention programme designed to reduce the risk of mother to child transmission of HIV. In 2008, there were more than 40 million people living with HIV/AIDS worldwide out of which, 2.5 million were children under 15 years old. Mother to child transmission is the largest source of HIV infections in Nepal. Out of the estimated 900,000...

Author(s): Nirmala Pokharel, Mangala Shrestha and Sami Lama

Breast self examination among female undergraduates in Enugu, Southeast, Nigeria.

January 2012

This study was a cross sectional descriptive survey that assessed the knowledge, attitude and practice of breast self examination (BSE) among university female nursing undergraduates. It also identified the factors that affected their practice of BSE. The total population of the female students (200) was used. The instrument used for data collection was the questionnaire and descriptive statistics were used to summarize...

Author(s): Okolie, Uchenna Virginia

Evaluation of the Mother-to-Infant relation and feeling scale: Interviews with first-time mothers’ for feelings and relation to their baby three days after birth

January 2012

Mothers’ perception of their relationship with their baby might affect sensitive parenting. This study aimed to explore first time mothers’ feelings for and their relation to the baby associated with how they responded to the “mother to infant relation and feelings (MIRF) scale” as a step in the validation process of the scale. Interviews with ten first-time mothers, three days after birth, were...

Author(s): Thorstensson, Stina , Hertfelt Wahn, Elisabeth , Ekström, Anette , and Langius-Eklöf, Ann ,

An appraisal of non-staff visitor involvement in bedside patient care in a specific hospital in the Midwest United States

November 2011

  A descriptive study was conducted to understand the prevalence of non-staff visitor presence in acute inpatient care settings. This paper also summarizes recent studies on the issues related to promoting efficient and effective care transitions and the recent movement of embracing family and non-family visitor involvement in patient care. This descriptive study was conducted in three inpatient care units of a...

Author(s): Huey-Ming Tzeng and Chang-Yi Yin M. A.

Evaluation of the fallopian tubes in infertile women by hysterosalpingography in Tikur Anbessa Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

November 2011

  Infertility is a common public health problem especially in sub-Saharan Africa. Hysterosalpingography (HSG) has for many years been employed in the evaluation of infertility for assessment of tubal patency and tubal or intrauterine lesions. The objective of this paper is to evaluate the structural abnormality of the fallopian tubes in infertile women with hysterosalpingography in Tikur Anbessa Hospital (TAH)....

Author(s): Daniel Admassie and Yewebdar Negatuy

The relationship between thrombophilia and intrauterine growth restriction

October 2011

  Approximately 0.7 to 2% of the general population have thrombophilia, but it is estimated that intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is due to thrombophilia in 35% of cases. Although the role of thrombophilia in IUGR is not completely known but its destructive effect on placental vasculature is the pathophysiologic cause of defect in transfer of oxygen for fetal growth. The aim of the present study was to...

Author(s): Fakhrolmolouk Yassaee, Parisa Taherzadeh and Ali Reza Abadi

Pre-screening counseling in cervical cancer prevention: Implications for nursing

October 2011

  Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer among women worldwide, with an estimated 529,409 new cases and 274,883 deaths in 2008, about 86% of the cases occur in developing countries, representing 13% of female cancers (IARC, GLOBOCAN, 2008). All sexually active women are at risk for the development of this disease and it is one of the leading causes of death for middle-aged women in the developing...

Author(s): Chizoma Millicent Ndikom and Bola Abosede Ofi

The effect of foot and hand massage on postoperative cardiac surgery pain

October 2011

  This study was conducted to determine the effects of foot and hand massage on postoperative pain and sedative drug use in cardiac surgery patients. One of the most important problems and complaint that have been experienced by patients who are influenced by surgery is the pain. Physiological responses to pain create harmful effects on the body recovery after cardiac surgery, and they routinely...

Author(s): Marziyeh Asadizaker, Alizaman Fathizadeh, Amanollah Haidari, Shahin Goharpai and Sedighe Fayzi

Task analysis: An evidence-based methodology for strengthening education and training of nurses and midwives in Liberia

September 2011

  Liberia suffers from high maternal, infant and child mortality. In response, the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare prioritized a basic package of health services in 2007. Ensuring health workers are competent to deliver these services is crucial for safe and effective health care. A task analysis survey of health workers was conducted to determine how often recently graduated health workers perform tasks...

Author(s): Annamma Udaya, Marion Subah, Mary Drake, Crystal Ng and Peter Johnson

The perceptions of visitors at acute care units in two private hospitals in Gauteng, South Africa regarding the image of nurses and nursing

September 2011

  The aim of this study was to determine and describe the perception that visitors to acute care units have, regarding the image of nurses and nursing and to make appropriate recommendations to raise the profile of nurses and to encourage more respect for the profession.  The public’s image of nurses is tarnished by newspaper reports on poor patient care. A questionnaire was used to collect data from...

Author(s): Alida van Tonder and Neltjie C. van Wyk

The nuclear patient “risk or no risk” guidelines for haemodialysis

September 2011

  Humans are all exposed to many different forms of radiation - radio waves, microwaves, ultraviolet, X-rays, etc. The form of radiation involved in Nuclear Medicine is called ionising radiation. This article will provide advice to haemodialysis staff that may have to carry out dialysis on patients who have received ionising radiation as part of a medical investigation. All patients who are referred to the...

Author(s): Frank Kelly, Aidan O’Connor, Michelle McQuaid, Michael Casey and Alan Watson

Patients’ perceptions of quality nursing care in a Chinese hospital

September 2011

  The purpose of this study is to explore patients’ perceptions of quality nursing care. Under the changing health care environment, more emphasis is placed on patient-cantered care. To meet patients’ needs and expectations, patients’ perceptions of quality nursing care must be given more concern 440 patients (purposive sample) in 18 inpatient nursing units in a China hospital were selected....

Author(s): Shi H. Zhao and Thitinut Akkadechanunt

Women living with obstetric fistula and nurses’ role in preventive measures

September 2011

  Obstetric fistula is a devastating and preventable tragedy that primarily affects young, poor women who lack the means to access quality maternal care. Women living with fistula are constantly wet from the leaking of urine and often experience genital ulceration, infections and a humiliating odor. About 20% of women with fistula also develop unilateral or bilateral foot drop that limits their day-to-day...

Author(s): Devkumari Shrestha Rai

An appraisal of non-staff visitor involvement in bedside patient care in a specific hospital in the Midwest United States

August 2011

  LA descriptive study was conducted to understand the prevalence of non-staff visitor presence in acute inpatient care settings. This paper also summarizes recent studies on the issues related to promoting efficient and effective care transitions and the recent movement of embracing family and non-family visitor involvement in patient care. This descriptive study was conducted in three inpatient care units of...

Author(s): Huey-Ming Tzeng and Chang-Yi Yin

The effect of working conditions on the family, daily and social lives of the nurses employed at Çukurova University, Balcali Hospital

August 2011

  This study is performed in order to specify the working conditions and the issues of the nurses working in Adana City of Turkey at Çukurova University Balcalı Hospital; and to examine the effects of these on their family, daily and social lives. This was a descriptive study applied by distributing the survey form on 15.02.2008 to 238 nurses, which was prepared by benefitting from the literature; and...

Author(s): Åženay ÇETÄ°NKAYA

Long term effects of professional breastfeeding support - An intervention

August 2011

  Professional support is important for women during pregnancy, but more research is needed to provide a better understanding of how this support affects the mother's experience of support and breast-feeding behavior the first days after birth and its relation to the duration of breastfeeding.  This study aims to evaluate the effects of a professional support during pregnancy in relation to...

Author(s): Anette Ekström, Kristin Guttke, Marika Lenz and Elisabeth Hertfelt Wahn

Helping patients in cataract peri- and post-surgery: A simple intervention addressing anxiety

July 2011

  The aim of this study is to propose patients a psycho educational intervention before, during and after a stay in a hospital to undergo a cataract surgery, in order to meet their doubts and fears. The objective is to find if by lowering the anxiety state, the suffering would be reduced and the quality in the rehabilitation process would be fostered (Hesbeen, 1996). The design chosen was a RCT (Randomised...

Author(s): Maria Luisa Ramos , Margarida Gaspar de Matos , Cátia Branquinho and Leonor Moniz Pereira

Mobility and quality of life in elderly and geriatric patients

July 2011

  Quality of life in older people is significantly influenced by their mobilization. Using the statistical comparison of observed groups we found out that the mobilization of elderlyand geriatric patients improves their quality of life. We used nonparametric Mann -Whitney test as ...

Author(s): Anna Hudakova and Anna Hornakova

Relationship between backache and psychological and psychosocial job factors among the nurses

July 2011

  Quality of life in older people is significantly influenced by their mobilization. Using the statistical comparison of observed groups we found out that the mobilization of elderlyand geriatric patients improves their quality of life. We used nonparametric Mann -Whitney test as ...

Author(s): Hamid Sharif Nia, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Zahra Beheshti, Mohammad Ali Soleymani, Nasim Bahrami, Hamid Hojjati and Fatemeh Haji Hosseine

Investigating an autonomous system in nursing

June 2011

  The term E-nursing has been used to refer to the incorporation of ICT into nursing. Point-to-point connections using private networks are used by hospitals and clinics that deliver services directly or contract out specialty services to independent nursing service providers at ambulatory care sites. Radiology, mental health and even intensive care services are being provided under contract using Tele-nursing...

Author(s): Mohammad Reza Nami and Jila Saneipour

Experiences of expert midwives in a training program aimed at decreasing perineal tears

June 2011

  This descriptive study explored the roles and responsibilities of expert midwives involved in teaching staff from midwifery students to senior consultants/physicians. We have earlier conducted an intervention project, aimed at decreasing the number of anal sphincter tears. During this intervention a local core team of expert midwives was established. These experts continued the training of...

Author(s): Tiina Pirhonen RN, Mika Gissler, Tom Hartgill and Jouko Pirhonen

A randomized controlled trial comparing the physiological and directed pushing on the duration of the second stage of labor, the mode of delivery and Apgar score

May 2011

  In recent year, there has been an increased trend to the physiological approach to labor. Physiological (spontaneous) pushing in upright position is one of the practices that promote the normal physiological process. Effect of physiological pushing versus directed pushing on the duration of the second stage of labor, mode of birth and Apgar. A randomized controlled trial was completed on 191 women who gave...

Author(s): Freshteh Jahdi, Maryam Shahnazari, Maryam Kashanian, Mansoureh Ashghali Farahani and Hamid Haghani

The attitudes of women toward mode delivery after childbirth

May 2011

  The aim of this study was to determine the attitudes of the women toward mode of delivery during postpartum period. The descriptive study was conducted in 600 puerpera women at a private hospital in Istanbul, Turkey. We collected data with “attitudes toward mode of delivery” (ATMOD) form during face to face interview. The researchers prepared the ATMOD form according to the...

Author(s): Asli KarakuÅŸ and Nevin Hotun Sahin

Effect of treatment for labor pain: Verbal reports versus visual analogue scale scores - A prospective randomized study

April 2011

  Assessing pain in relation to childbirth is one of the midwife’s more important tasks. However, pain research shows that health care professionals often assess patients’ pain inaccurately. The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) is one of the most used instruments for assessing pain and pain relief both in research and clinical practice. On the other hand, a patient’s verbal report is considered to...

Author(s): Lena Mårtensson and Ingrid Bergh

The psychometric assessment of the Nottingham health profile for menopausal women in Turkish society

April 2011

  The Nottingham health profile (NHP) is a measurement of 38 items that was designed for measuring quality of life. The present study was conducted in order to determine evaluation of validity and reliability of the NHP for menopausal women. Ninety one (91) women who were menopausal were included in the sample of the study. The comparison of total scores of NHP and the (Medical Outcomes Study) MOS 36...

Author(s): Mürüvvet BaÅŸer, Lale TaÅŸkın and Bahar Güçiz DoÄŸan

Maternal satisfaction with care during labour: A case study of the Mampong-Ashanti district hospital maternity unit in Ghana

March 2011

  This study was conducted to assess the care and satisfaction of expectant mothers during labour, birth and lying-in period in Ghana. Purposive sampling was employed to recruit participants, based on the needs of the study and on predetermined variables. Participants were second or third time mothers, who were admitted in the first stage of labour with a cervical dilatation of not more than 5 cm. They were...

Author(s): Dzomeku, M. V.

Cultural competence outcomes assessment: A strategy and model

March 2011

  The nursing profession has acknowledged its responsibility to prepare all practitioners to provide culturally respectful care to diverse patient populations. A culturally competent academic and clinical teaching milieu is a strategy for shaping clinical nursing expertise. It is a vital link between theory and practice. This article presents a replicable model of the process in which one U.S. University School...

Author(s): Lori A. Escallier, Judith T. Fullerton and Barbara Ann M. Messina

Irish staff nurses perceptions of clinical incident reporting

February 2011

  Clinical incident reporting identifies actual and potential risks to patient safety and then eliminates those risks through a system of procedural changes, policy enactment or changes in staff education. This constitutes the first study to explore perceptions of registered nursing staff towards efficacy of clinical incident reporting in Ireland since the launch of the national “STARSweb”...

Author(s): Elizabeth Fitzgerald, Desmond Cawley and Neil J. Rowan

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