Journal of
Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences

  • Abbreviation: J. Toxicol. Environ. Health Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9820
  • DOI: 10.5897/JTEHS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 217

JTEHS Articles

Lipase production by strains of Aspergillus species isolated from contaminated body creams

October 2011

Aspergillus species isolated from contaminated body creams were screened for their ability to produce extracellular lipase. Of the 6 strains tested two, identified as Aspergillus niger AC-5 and AC-7 and one strain ofAspergillus fumigatus. AF-3 were capable of producing extracellular lipase in appreciable amounts. A. nigerAC-5 was the highest lipase producer, followed by A. fumigatus AF-3,...

Author(s): Brooks A. A. and Asamudo N. U.

Assessment of sorghum beer for alcohol and metal ions content and genotoxicity in mice bone marrow

October 2011

National well-being, life expectancy (LE), water quality, alcohol consumption etc, have been shown to be interrelated. In Lesotho, with LE below world average, one widely consumed beverage is a locally brewed sorghum beer, sesotho. Therefore, beers from four different sources were analyzed for metals, alcohols (mg/L) and mice bone marrow genotoxicity. The beers contained different (p<0.05)...

Author(s): Asita A. O., Tanor E. B., Magama S. and Khoabane N. M.

Iron and nitric oxide play key roles in the development of cardiovascular disorder

September 2011

Iron (Fe) is an essential but potentially harmful nutrient. On the other hand, nitric oxide (NO) is an inorganic free-radical gaseous molecule which has been implicated to play an unprecedented variety of roles in biological systems. Although complex relationships between Fe and NO have been demonstrated, there are still controversies as to what are the influences of Fe on NO balance in the development of cardiovascular...

Author(s): Adeyemi O. S. and Akanji M. A.

Hydrogeochemistry of subsurface water around waste disposal sites in Hyderabad city, India: Geogenic and anthropogenic consequence

September 2011

Geochemical study of groundwater around major dumpsites in Hyderabad city India, this study was carried out to evaluate the groundwater quality. Approximately 4,000 tons of solid wastes are dumped in low-lying areas as landfills on daily basis affecting groundwater quality. The samples were collected from sixty location points in/around dumpsites and were precisely analysed for physicochemical characters by standard...

Author(s): Vandana Parth, N. N. Murthy and Praveen Raj Saxena

Prevalence of alcohol in autopsied medico-legal cases at the National Institute of Forensic Medicine, Jordan

September 2011

It is well established that drinking alcohol increases the risk of fatal injuries. The presence of blood alcohol in autopsied deaths is regularly encountered in medico-legal practices. The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence and concentration of alcohol in 1731 medico-legal autopsies that were conducted in the National Institute of Forensic Medicine (NIFM), Jordan from January 2007 to December...

Author(s): Etab, T. Kassasbeh, Emad, M. Abdallat and Mu’men, S. Hadidi

Metal quantification in cattle: A case of cattle at slaughter at Ota Abattoir, Nigeria

September 2011

In this study, cattle were assessed for the levels of metals in some organs. Six metals, Arsenic (As), Cadmium (Cd), Cobalt (Co), Chromium (Cr), Nickel (Ni) and Lead (Pb) were determined in twenty samples comprising four different parts (liver, kidney, muscle tissue and blood) from five cows at slaughter in a major abattoir in Ota, using flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer (S-series 712354v1.27), following...

Author(s): D. O. Nwude, J. O. Babayemi and I. O. Abhulimen

Degradation of antibiotics by bacteria and fungi from the aquatic environment

September 2011

The potential of using bacteria and fungi from aquatic environment to degrade a mixture of two antibiotics, ciprofloxacin and erythromycin, was investigated. The antibiotics were added to river water at a concentration of 4 and 120 mg.L-1 for ciprofloxacin and erythromycin respectively. Three variations of the study unit were setup. The first having increased phosphate concentration; the second having slight...

Author(s): Frank-Peterside Nnenna, Peekate Lekiah and Oriakpono Obemeata

Adsorption of Rhodamine B dye from aqueous solution onto acid activated mango (Magnifera indica) leaf powder: Equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic studies

September 2011

Acid activated mango leaf powder (MLP) was employed for removal of the rhodamine B (RB) dye from aqueous solution. Batch adsorption studies were carried out under varying conditions of dye concentration, adsorbent dose, particle size, contact time, pH, and temperature. Removal efficiency was 77% in 45 min with 6.0 pH, 25 g/L as dose, 250 mg/L RB concentration and 30°C temperature. The equilibrium data the best...

Author(s): Tabrez A. KHAN, Sangeeta SHARMA and Imran ALI

Evaluation of socio-economic impact of arsenic contamination in Bangladesh

September 2011

Groundwater arsenic contamination in Bangladesh is reported to be the biggest arsenic disaster in the world in terms of the affected population. Arsenic contamination in groundwater is recognized as the major threats to drinking water and is being the key environmental health problem of 21st century. In Bangladesh Arsenic was first detected in Chapai Nawabgonj, in 1993; since then higher levels of arsenic (exceeding the...

Author(s): A. A.  Masrur Ahmed, Md. Jahir Bin Alam, A. A. Mabrur Ahmed

Laboratory outbreak investigation of sudden death syndrome in broiler chicken in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal

September 2011

The incidence of death of broiler birds above 40 days suddenly increased in the month of July to October 2008-2009 in Kathmandu Valley. Birds that were presented for post-mortem examination at the Central Veterinary Laboratory Tripureswor Kathmandu were usually found dead on their backs with wings out-stretched. Gross lesions recorded on post mortem examinations were muscle oedema, pulmonary, renal and liver congestion,...

Author(s): Kedar Karki, Praggya Koirala and Salina Manandhar

Evaluation of the long-term effects of Urena lobata root extracts on blood glucose and hepatic function of normal rabbits

August 2011

Urena lobata is one of the medicinal plants used to treat diabetes in Nigeria. Its hypoglycaemic and anti-diabetic activities have been demonstrated. This study was designed to evaluate the long term effects of daily oral administration of aqueous extracts of U. lobata roots in normal rabbits. Parameters such as body weight, blood glucose and liver function tests were monitored at specific intervals in...

Author(s): Akhere A. OMONKHUA and Iyere O. ONOAGBE

Immunostimulatory potential of Aristolochia longa L. induced toxicity on liver, intestine and kidney in mice

August 2011

Aristolochia longa L. (AL) (Aristolochiaceae) is used by Moroccan patients suffering from cancer during the course of their specific treatment. This practice has remained till date without scientific validation. To validate evidence for or against its continued use as antitumor product and afford data for further studies of this plant, the present investigation was carried out to evaluate the safety of an aqueous...

Author(s): Ghita BENZAKOUR, Nouhad BENKIRANE, Mariam AMRANI and Mounia OUDGHIRI,

Fast monitoring of water distribution system with portable enrichment unit – Measurement of volatile compounds of coliforms and Salmonella sp. in tap water

August 2011

The aim of the study was to clarify if microbe enrichment cultures and monitoring of volatiles released by them could speed up the detection of indicator bacteria in water samples. The combination of Portable Microbe Enrichment Unit (PMEU) cultivation and ChemPro100i® chemical detector were used to detect the hygiene indicating bacteria. When the water distribution network of Kuopio city was studied in early...

Author(s): Elias Hakalehto, Anneli Heitto, Lauri Heitto, Tarmo Humppi , Kari Rissanen, Ari Jääskeläinen, Heikki Paakkanen and Osmo Hänninen

Survey on the usage of plastic bags, their disposal and adverse impacts on environment: A case study in Jimma City, Southwestern Ethiopia

August 2011

Plastic bag wastes pose serious environmental pollutions and health problems in humans and animals. The situation is worsened in economically disadvantaged countries like Ethiopia. The objective of this survey was to assess usage of plastic bags and their environmental impacts in Jimma City of Ethiopia. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect data from 230 randomly selected respondents. The results indicated...

Author(s): Legesse Adane and Diriba Muleta

Cadmium toxicity exposure – Induced oxidative stress in postnatal development of Wistar rats

July 2011

Effect of cadmium on ovary increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) was studied in rat. Lipid peroxidation and the reactive oxygen species, hydrogen peroxide were increased in the ovary of Wistar rat administered with cadmium (50 and 200 ppm) in drinking water on 45 and 65 days of post natal development. Elevation of reactive oxygen species and lipid peroxidation is suggestive of tissue damage in the rat ovary due to...

Author(s): P. Dailiah Roopha, J. Savarimuthu Michael, C. Padmalatha and A. J. A. Ranjit Singh

Frequently-used agrochemicals lead to functional and morphological spermatozoa alterations in rats

July 2011

It is known that agrochemicals alter male reproductive functions. Previous studies from our lab have demonstrated the relationship between male fertility dysfunction and oxidative-nitrative stress. In this work, morphological and functional spermatozoa parameters were studied in a rat model sub-chronically (5 weeks) intoxicated with low doses (i.p. 1/250 LD50) of a mixture of dimethoate (D), glyphosate (G) and zineb...

Author(s): Hurtado de Catalfo Graciela, Astiz Mariana, Alaniz María J. T. de and Marra Carlos Alberto

Design of pilot device for municipal solid waste composting

July 2011

A mathematical model was developed for static composting process of municipal solid waste (MSW) based on the thermodynamics, kinetics of microbial growth, and hydrodynamics. A pilot scale aerobic ferment device was designed without leachate and malodor discharging. Its reasonable size, leachate collecting and recycling system, air distributing, and malodor recycling system were determined by the model and local...

Author(s): Hua Li,Xianlai Zeng, Qina Sun, Baoquan Huo, Changyong Jing, Hongfen Wang and Liyun Wang

Toxicity of Aluminum sulphate (alum) to Nubian goats

July 2011

This study was conducted to investigate the toxic effect of Aluminum sulphate (alum). Nine Nubian goat kids were divided into 3 groups, each of three goats. Group 1 animals were the undosed controls. Test groups were given alum at dose rates of 1 and 20% respectively for groups 2 and 3 for a period of 10 weeks after an adaptation period of two weeks during which the animals were X kept under ideal experimental...

Author(s): Medani A. B., El Badwi S. M. A. and Amin A. E.

Retinaranitidine as an alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor in acute methanol toxicity in rats

June 2011

Methanol poisoning is a hazardous intoxication characterized by visual impairment and formic acidemia. The therapy for methanol poisoning is alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) inhibitors to prevent formate accumulation.  Ranitidine has been considered to be an inhibitor of both gastric alcohol and hepatic aldehyde dehydrogenase enzymes. This study aimed at testing ranitidine as an antidote for methanol acute toxicity and...

Author(s): Amal A. El-Bakary, Sahar A. El-Dakrory, Sohayla M. Attalla, Nawal A. Hasanein and  Hala A. Malek

Micronucleus test in post metamorphic Odontophrynus cordobae and Rhinella arenarum (Amphibia: Anura) for environmental monitoring

June 2011

The genotoxic effect of cyclophosphamide and glyphosate in a commercial formulation were determined using the micronucleus test in peripheral blood erythrocytes of Odontophrynus cordobae and Rhinella arenarum, amphibians widely distributed in the Province of Córdoba, Argentina. For this, the basal frequency of the micronucleated erythrocytes (MNE) was determined by: 0.40±0.18 MNE/1000...

Author(s): Beatriz Bosch, Fernando Mañas, Nora Gorla , and Delia Aiassa

Removal of some heavy metal ions from their aqueous solutions by duckweed

June 2011

Duckweed was used to study adsorption of several metal ions (Fe2+,Cu2+, Zn2+ and Pb2+)  from wastewater under different conditions .The dried leaves of duckweed were used at different adsorbent/metal ion ratios. The experimental conditions which includes, pH, contact time, initial concentration, and loading weight on the removal process were investigated. Bach adsorption was studied in a room temperature. The...

Author(s): Jameel M. Dhabab

Influence of age on sub-chronic toxicity of the aqueous extract of the leaves of Calotropis procera on rabbits

May 2011

Calotropis procera is of the family Asclepiadaceae. The whole plant is toxic. The influence of age on sub-chronic toxicity of aqueous leaves extract was investigated in New Zealand White X local breed rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) of both sexes. 200 mg/kg body weight of the extract was daily administered orally by gavages during 42 days. Vital signs, body weight change, mortality, serum biochemistry, hematology...

Author(s): Pouokam Guy B., Hatem Ahmed, Christianna Dawurung, Aliyu Atiku Shamaki David and Okewole Philipe

Evaluation of disease control and plant growth promotion potential of biocontrol agents on Pisum sativum and comparison of their activity with popular chemical control agent - carbendazim

May 2011

The superiority of chemicals over biocontrol agents in terms of effective and quick disease control was confirmed in this research but the ill effects of chemicals on human health and environment are a major set back to application of chemical pesticides in the long run. In the present work, biocontrol agents showed significant control on Fusarium wilt disease of pea but the results were not consistent...

Author(s): Poornima Sharma

Effect of sprouting on trypsin inhibitor of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata)

May 2011

With the increase role that legume protein plays in the world food supply, the nutritive quality related to trypsin inhibitor level is of major concern. The presence of trypsin inhibitors has been demonstrated in a wide variety of cereals and legumes. Rackis (1972) reported that an increase in nutritive value of soy flour paralleled the destruction of trypsin inhibitor activity. Liener (1974) suggested that trypsin...

Author(s): Malomo O., Ogunmoyela O. A. B. and Oluwajoba S. O.

Prospects and processes of human waste management in the rural areas of Nigeria

May 2011

The effect of indiscriminate defecation in the rural areas has degenerated into deadly disease such as, typhoid, tuberculosis, cholera, dysentery, diarrhoea etc. Even some of these killer diseases cause food poisoning when infecting human bodies by causing the various symptoms in some parts of the bodies, such symptoms include abdominal pains, diarrhea, gastroenteritis, prostration and vomiting. In the villages,...

Author(s): Otti V. I.

Evaluation of environmental sulphide by stabilisation of the initial product of the pentacyanonitrosylferrate(II)-sulphide reaction

April 2011

Determination of environmental sulphide requires non-interference from other anions. Cyanide stabilisation of the transient red-violet product of the pentacyanonitrosylferrate(II)-sulphide reaction enables effective quantification of a 0.3 to 5 working range and a 0.2 μg ml-1 limit of detection. Sulphide in standard 2.0 μg ml-1 solutions was detected to within 2.4% standard deviation. The technique has...

Author(s): Jolocam Mbabazi, S. Yiga and H. Ssekaalo

Development of urea formaldehyde and polyethylene waste as a copolymer binder for emulsion paint formulation

April 2011

Urea formaldehyde (UF) resin was prepared and copolymerized with polyethylene waste (PE) to form (UF/PE) composite. The resulting composite was analyzed for formaldehyde emission and other physical properties such as viscosity, gel time, density, refractive index, melting point and moisture uptake. IR analysis of UF, PE and UF/PE showed chemical interaction between UF and PE resins. The level of formaldehyde emission...

Author(s): Oemeahon S. A. and Archibong C. A.

Some priority heavy metals in children toy’s imported to Nigeria

April 2011

A total number of 51 toys manufactured from different countries were purchased and analysed to determine the level of lead, cadmium, chromium and nickel in the plastic components which was digested with concentrated HNO3 (CPSC-CH-E1002-08 method) and analyzed using atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS) to determine heavy metal concentration. The results obtained show that lead, cadmium, chromium and nickel were...

Author(s): Sindiku O. K. and Osibanjo O.

Ecotoxicology tests on microalgae from Córdoba, Argentina

April 2011

The eutrophication process involves important changes in the normal characteristics of water quality that may alter the balance between organisms. Microalgae particularly are very sensitive to changes. International standarized protocols were developed in order to detect water contaminants by their effects on microalgae, but it is important to evaluate contaminants over native species in our ecosystems. Using potassium...

Author(s): Zanuzzi Andrea, Pierotto Marcelo and Prosperi Carlos

A geographic information assessment of exposure to a toxic waste site and development of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE): Findings from the buffalo lupus project

March 2011

The Buffalo Lupus Project was a community-based participatory research partnership formed to address the relationship between an identified hazardous waste site and high rates of lupus and other autoimmune diseases in the surrounding community. Most cases identified began experiencing symptoms and were diagnosed in the periods when the site was inactive. Trends suggest that the impact of the site was more likely due to...

Author(s): Edith .M. Williams, Robert Watkins, Judith Anderson and Laurene Tumiel-Berhalter

The socioeconomic impact of Arsenic poisoning in Bangladesh

March 2011

The purpose of this paper is to propose a methodology to analyze the health effects, how people cope with the socioeconomic consequences of the disease and to predict the beneficial effects of various alternative mitigation methods and recommends governmental measures for prevention of Arsenic poisoning. This research has been evaluated by the Bangladeshi Health Care system for its ability to recognize, isolate, report...

Author(s): Shakeel Ahmed Ibne Mahmood and Amal Krishna Halder

Effects of parathion on cardiac rate, ventilatory frequency and hemolymphatic gas levels in the estuarine crab Neohelice granulata (Decapoda, Brachyura)

March 2011

Adult crabs Neohelice granulata were exposed for 96 h to 0.125 mg/L of parathion under complete submersion. Crabs were then exposed to air for 6 h (emersion period) to be finally re-submerged. Cardiac rate and ventilatory frequency, as well as hemolymphatic pH, pCO2 and pO2 were measured at different times throughout the experiment. Cardiac rate was significantly lower in crabs exposed to parathion,...

Author(s): Daniel A. Medesani, Claudio O. Cervino, Martín Ansaldo and Enrique M. Rodríguez

Toxicologic characterization of a novel explosive, triaminoguanidinium-1-methyl-5-nitriminotetrazolate (TAG-MNT), in female rats and in vitro assays

March 2011

Sustainable use of training ranges requires the development of compounds that have a minimal impact on the environment when used in a weapon system.  Triaminoguanidinium-1-methyl-5-nitriminotetrazolate (TAG-MNT) is a novel, explosive, military compound of interest for application in some weapon systems.  Little is known of its toxicologic properties.  To ensure the health of potentially exposed personnel...

Author(s): Larry R. Williams, Cheng J. Cao, Emily M. Lent, Lee C. B. Crouse, Matthew A. Bazar and Mark S. Johnson

Effect of cashew wine on histology and enzyme activities of rat liver

February 2011

Saccharomyces cerevisae SIL 59703 was used to ferment cashew apple juice supplemented with 30% Sucrose in the laboratory incubated at room temperature (28 ± 2°C) for six days (aerobic) and six weeks (anaerobic) for wine production. Toxicological effect of the wine produced was based on histology and enzyme activities of rats’ liver.Forty-two rats were divided into three groups: group I...

Author(s): S. Awe and E. Tunde Olayinka

Biochemical and hormonal effects of cadmium in female guinea pigs

February 2011

Cadmium is a heavy metal toxicant, present widely in our environment and workplaces. In this study, the effects of cadmium on some biochemical and hormonal parameters of female guinea pigs were investigated. Single Intraperitoneal injection (ip) injection of 0.2 to 8.4 mg/kg of CdCl2 was given to female guinea pigs in proestrus state and observed for 24 h.  Also, single ip injection of 3 mg/kg of...

Author(s): Obianime A. W., Aprioku J. S. and Ahiwe N. J.

Mutagenecity testing of phamarceutical effluents on Allium cepa root tip meristems

February 2011

Using macro analysis of root growth parameters and micro assay of the root tip meristems through the estimation of the mitotic indices and aberrant cells of Allium cepa root meristems, a study was conducted on  three Pharmaceutical effluents discharged into agricultural lands. The chemical analysis of the effluents showed the presence of some potential mutagenic heavy metals (Pb, Cu and Zn) and Cyanide....

Author(s): Abu, Ngozi E. and Mba, K. C.

Beyond pest control: A closer look at the health implication of pesticides usage

February 2011

Author(s): A. A. Salako, , O. O. Sholeye and O. O. Dairo

Television watching and sleep promotes obesity in urban and semi-urban children in India

January 2011

Obesity is an emerging problem in urban and semi urban Indian children; it is associated with several health problems and social consequences. Poor eating habits in all the children plays major role in the development and increases in childhood overweight and obesity. The present study was aimed to evaluate the dietary and physical activity patterns as determinants of overweight in a sample of children, along with...

Author(s): Suresh V., Rupnath K., Ramesh V., Rojarani M., Ramadevi T. and K. R. S. Sambasivarao

Study on the leaching of mercury from compact fluorescent lamps using stripping voltammetry

January 2011

A study had been done on the determination of the amount of mercury present in an average CFL and the amount of mercury leached from the CFLs into the soil from where they are dumped. The extraction of the mercury from CFLs and the polluted soil was done by acid digestion. The electrochemical analytical method called Anodic stripping voltammetry (ASV) which is based on the potential dependent current...

Author(s): P. S. Harikumar, Amit Dhruvan, Sabna V. and Babitha A

Use of biochemical biomarkers in the ecological risk assessment of permetrin pesticide exposure

January 2011

Biochemical biomarkers were used in ecological risk assessment of pesticide exposure. The experiments were carried out on six weeks old poultry birds (Gallus domesticus) weighing between 400 and 600 g (12 birds) and were divided into four groups of three birds each. The poultry birds were exposed for four weeks to different concentrations (1, 5 and 10%) of a locally manufactured insect powder called...

Author(s): Ethelbert U. Ezeji, Ernest A. Anyalogbu and Christopher M. Duru

The effects of lihocin toxicity on protein metabolism of the fresh water edible fish, Channa punctatus (Bloch)

January 2011

In vivo evaluations were made to assess the pesticide activity of lihocin against fresh water fishChanna punctatus and its ultimate mode of action on fish protein metabolism. Biochemical studies show that after exposing the fish to sub lethal dose of lihocin, total protein levels significantly decreased while FAA, glutamine, alkaline phosphatases, acid phosphatases, AlAT, AAT, GDH, AMP deaminase and adenosine...

Author(s): Abdul Naveed, C. Janaiah and P. Venkateshwarlu

High urinary iodine content (UIC) among primary school children in Ibadan, Nigeria, a public health concern

December 2010

Urinary iodine excretion is a good marker for the dietary intake of iodine, and is the index for evaluating the degree of iodine deficiency, correction and toxicity. A study, investigating the random urinary iodine level in school children in Ibadan, a South-Western cosmopolitan city of Nigeria, has not been evaluated, thus the emanation of this study. Random urinary iodine was measured in 300 primary school children in...

Author(s): Onyeaghala A. A., Anetor J. I., Nurudeen A. and Oyewole O. E.

Experimental model to evaluate the effect of aqueous extract of ‘Buzhong Yi Qi Wan’ on the survival of Escherichia coli submitted to treatment with stannous ion

December 2010

Buzhong Yi Qi Wan’ is a combination of medicinal herbs widely used in Traditional Chinese Medicine to treat digestive and circulation disorders. It is an anti-inflammatory biocomplex with energizing and anti-cancer properties, and it should have an effect in natural killer cell (NK) activity, improving immunological capacity in elderly people. Substances present in the ‘Buzhong Yi Qi Wan’ extract could...

Author(s): Tania Santos Giani,, Cleide Aparecida Ferreira de Rezende and Estélio Henrique Martin Dantas

Analyses of the effect of para- phenylenediamine Takaout roumia on the osmotic stability of human erythrocytes

December 2010

This work analysed the effects of para- phenylenediamine (p-PD), a component in permanent hair dyes products on the osmotic stability of human’s erythrocytes. Hemolysis was monitored by measurement of absorbance at 412 nm following addition of erythrocytes to NaCl solutions of varying concentration. Absorbance was fitted to sigmoid regression curves given by Boltzmann equation, and hemolysis...

Author(s): Habti Norddine, Benzakour Ghita, Zaid Younes, Naya Abdallah, Nadia Nourichafi, Hassan Mifdal, Motaouakkil Said and Oudghiri Mounia

Influence of chemical speciation and divalent cations on cadmium toxicity during microbial biodegradation of crude oil

November 2010

Microbial metal toxicity had been attributed to metal concentration and bioavailability, the later factor being dependent on speciation; the distribution of metals into various physicochemical forms. This research was aimed at establishing a correlation between the nature of predominating ligands in natural environments which can associate with metals and influence toxicities to biodegrading microbes. Cadmium, a known...

Author(s): M. G. Ekpenyong and S. P. Antai

Effect of amoxycillin/clavulanic acid (Augmentin 625®) on antioxidant indices and markers of renal and hepatic damage in rats

November 2010

Amoxycillin/clavulanic acid (Augmentin 625®) is an antibiotic which is being advocated by WHO as a drug for treatment of infection. Its efficacy and potential to inhibit microorganisms had led to their increased use. There is the possibility that the drug may have potential toxic effects on humans following consumption. The present investigation was therefore undertaken to study the status of antioxidant defense...

Author(s): E. Tunde Olayinka and I. L. Olukowade

Studies on biochemical changes in the tissues of Labeo rohita and Cirrhinus mrigala exposed to fenvalerate technical grade

October 2010

Fenvalerate is one among the synthetic pyrethroids, preferred for its low persistence, low toxicity to birds and mammals, broad spectrum of action on plant pests and metabolites/degradation products non toxic to man and other vertebrates. However, it is highly toxic to fish causing severe alterations in the metabolism of the organism, sometimes proving to be fatal if the concentrations are high. The present study...

Author(s): T. Anita Susan, K. Sobha, K. Veeraiah and K. S. Tilak

Ecological distribution of Macrozoobenthos in Hokera wetland of J&K, India

October 2010

In the recent years, several scholars working on Himalayan "Ecocrisis" reported that the wetlands in the region are suffering from severe biotic stress and that the damage ensuing is getting to the point of becoming irreversible. The Wetlands are intimately linked with the agro-ecosystems in the mountainous area of the Himalaya and the depletion has definite and obvious impacts on the overall socio-economic...

Author(s): Idrees Yousuf Dar, G. A. Bhat and Zubair Ahmad Dar

Evaluation of incidence, clinical characteristics and management in organophosphorus poisoning patients in a tertiary care hospital

October 2010

Acute poisoning with agricultural pesticides is an emerging global public health problem particularly in developing countries like India. Among the acute poisoning, organophosphorus poisoning (OP) is the most common and responsible for majority of deaths. In the present study, we aimed to correlate the incidence of acute OP poisoning with the type of pesticides, its clinical characteristics and quality of management...

Author(s): Girish Thunga, Kishore Ganna Sam, Kanav Khera, Sureshwar Pandey and Sudha Vidya Sagar

Influence of pollutants on bottom sediment of sewage collecting Kalpi (Morar) River, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh (M. P.)

September 2010

To investigate the nutrient value of bottom soil pH, conductivity, potassium, exchangeable potassium, total phosphorus, available phosphorus, organic carbon, total nitrogen, available nitrogen, calcium and magnesium were analyzed from monthly samples collected from six sampling stations during two year of study, that is, April 2002-March 2004 of study. Soil from station A was found unpolluted due to low level of...

Author(s): Avnish K. Verma and D. N. Saksena

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