African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6786

Full Length Research Paper

Leaf phenolic content of some squash rootstocks used on watermelon (Citrullus lanatus (thunb.) Matsum and Nakai) growing and phenolic accumulation on grafted cultivar

Yasemin EvrenosoÄŸlu1*, Özlem Alan2, and Nilay Özdemir2
1Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, EskiÅŸehir Osmangazi University, 26480 EskiÅŸehir, Turkey. 2Vocational Training School, Ege University ÖdemiÅŸ, 35750 ÖdemiÅŸ, Izmir, Turkey.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 15 March 2010
  •  Published: 18 April 2010


In this study, phenolic compounds were identified in the leaves of grafted and non-grafted watermelon (Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum and Nakai) plants and squash rootstocks. The watermelon cultivar ‘Crispy’ was grafted onto hybrids ofC. maxima × C. Moschata, ‘TZ-148’ and ‘RS-841’, and Lagenaria siceraria cv. ’64 -18’. The experiments were conducted in a randomized complete blocks design in two time periods. Non-grafted plants were used as the control. Some important differences were detected for the contents of the phenolic compounds during the growing periods such as kaempferol accumulates in the leaves of grafted and non-grafted watermelon plants and rootstocks. Kaempferol contents of the rootstocks were found to be higher than the grafted and non-grafted watermelon plants. Plants grafted on ‘TZ-148’ or ‘RS-841’ had higher phenolic content than the others.


Key words: Watermelon, squash rootstocks, grafting, phenolic compounds.