African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006

AJAR Articles in press

Determinants of smallholder farmers milk commercialization in Kuyu district, Oromia Reginal State, Ethiopia

Article in Press

Commercialization of smallholder agriculture is an indispensable pathway to increase the income of rural peoples. this study aimed to analyzing determinants of smallholders’ milk commercialization in Kuyu district with specific objectives of identifying the factors affecting smallholder farmers’ milk market participation decision, and to identify the determinants of commercialization level among smallholder milk market...

Author(s):Getachew Tulu Garedo

Smallholder Palm Oil Production Sector in African Countries: State of the Art, Practices, Constraints, and Opportunities in Littoral and Centre Regions of Cameroon

Article in Press

During palm oil extraction by smallholders in Cameroon, palm oil mill effluent (POME) is generated. A detailed description of the processes involved, aids in reducing loss and minimising the environmental effect of the wastes produced. We characterized herein, the production chain of smallholders’ palm oil production in Cameroon. Mixed methods research approach was used, and semi-structured questionnaires administered....

Author(s):Lawrence Monah Ndam, Godswill Azinwie Asongwe, Raymond Ndip Nkongho, Kenneth Mbene, Valentine Asong Tellen, Emmanuel Jiti Ndi, Jun-Jun Ma, Aaron Suh Tening, and Takeshi Fujino

Vermicompost Technology Adoption for improved food security of small holder cropping farmers in Southwestern Ethiopia

Article in Press

The adoption of vermicompost technology has increased significantly in modern times as consumer awareness of issues such as food quality, environmental safety and soil protection has increased. However, there is little in-depth empirical research on the economic aspects of soil conservation. The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of the vermicompost technology on the food security of small holder cropping...

Author(s):kumala Deksisa Itisa

The Impact of Intercropping between Maize and soya bean on soil moisture and soil temperature Related to yield of Maize (zea mays L.), River Nile State, Sudan

Article in Press

Intercropping has benefited the global agricultural sector in several ways. It is a critical farming practice for long-term productivity, agro-ecological improvement, land management and land use. It is a well-known method to increase soil health and crop productivity. Mixtures of cereals and legumes are used extensively for forage production. Mix between maize (Zea mays) and soya bean (Glycine max L.) were used to...

Author(s):Eslam A.G Mohamed and Alaeldin M. Elhassan

Trends in Major Cereal Crop Production and Utilization of Extension Packages by Smallholder Farmers in Ethiopia

Article in Press

This article analyses the trends in the production and utilization of extension packages for major cereal crops, including maize, barley, wheat, tef, and sorghum, by smallholder farmers in Ethiopia between the 2003/04 and 2020/21 Meher cropping seasons. Data from the Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia (CSA) published in the past two decades were utilized to analyze the growth rate of major cereal crops, the number of...

Author(s):Mohammed Ahmed and Truayinet Mekuriaw

Assessment of Selected Physical and Chemical Soil Properties and Organic Carbon Stock, Under Different Land-Uses in Melka Gura Sub watershed of North Shewa Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia

Article in Press

Changes in land-use, particularly the transformation of natural ecosystems into agro-ecosystems under poor management practices, are widespread in Melka Gura Sub watershed of North Shewa Zone. The current study assessed selected physical and chemical soil properties under three types of land-uses during 2022 to 2023. Based on the field survey, three types of land-uses, namely, plantation forest, grazing land and cultivated...

Author(s):Dejene Getahun, Alemu Kebede and Lemma Wogi

Cocoa-Agroforestry in Ghana: Practices, Determinants and Constraints Faced by Farmers

Article in Press

This paper analyzes cocoa farmers' adoption of agroforestry practices in Ghana, crucial for meeting global cocoa demand sustainably. Data from 900 farmers in Western North and Ahafo Regions were analyzed using Probit Regression. Results highlight associations between agroforestry and tree variety, planting type, and pruning frequency. Significant predictors of adoption include education, farming experience, membership in...

Author(s):Mills Oliver , Sarfo Akoto, Simon Abugre

Leaf and fruit description of 18 varieties of mango tree (Mangifera indica L.) in Burkina Faso.

Article in Press

Fruit growing, particularly mango, is booming in Burkina Faso. Besides, a diversity of mango varieties is produced, but their identification methods based on morphological traits are unknown for these varieties. This study aims to identify the distinctive characteristics of 18 mango tree varieties at INERA/Farako-Bâ, where experimentation is taking place. Thus, 18 qualitative and four quantitative parameters were used to...

Author(s):Corneille Drabo, Pingawindé Sawadogo, Nerbéwendé Sawadogo, Jacob Sanou, Mahamadou Sawadogo

Assessment of the concentration of heavy metals in two vegetables in selected urban metropolises (ilorin and osogbo), Nigeria

Article in Press

This study analyzed heavy metal contamination in the commonly consumed leafy vegetables grown on peri-urban farms in Osogbo and Ilorin, Nigeria. Across five neighborhoods in each city, fresh vegetable samples were collected and assessed for lead (Pb), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), iron (Fe), and manganese (Mn) using atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Alarming Pb levels were discovered, with mean concentrations ranging from...

Author(s):A. E. Awe, G.O. Adesina, K.A. Adelasoye, S.O Abiola, A.A. Adeniji

Ancient and Novel Ethiopian Durum Wheat Cultivars: What Future for Their Cultivation?

Article in Press

Durum Wheat ancient cultivars have been grown in Ethiopia for centuries. Until 1960s, Durum Wheat covered all wheat area in the country, nearly all surface was represented by landraces. Now, the area dedicated to Durum has been declined to approximately 15% of the wheat surface. Still, the genetic diversity resource of Ethiopia for Durum Wheat is immense. In 2019-21 a group of researchers have done field survey assessment...

Author(s):Getahun Wasihun, Bassi Flippo, Habtamu Ayehu

Preliminary study of growth pattern and condition factor of bobo croaker(pseudotolithus elongatus) in obolo area nigeria

Article in Press

The preliminary study of the Growth pattern and Condition Factor of Bobo Croaker (Pseudotolithus elongates) in Obolo Area, Nigeria were studied for six months. Samples used for the study were collected from the catches of artisanal and local fishers and measurement of Length and Weight of samples were done insitu using the appropriate tools. The parameters “a” and “b” of the Length-Weight relationship were estimated using...

Author(s):Akpan Imekan Isaac

The impact of nutritional sovereignty of red meat on water consumption in Saudi Arabia agricultural sector

Article in Press

Given the dependency of red meat production on water-depleting fodder crops, this research aimed to measure the impact of the nutritional sovereignty of red meat on water consumption in the agricultural sector. The most important findings of this study reveal that the total water used in the production of red meat amounted to 46.68 billion cubic meters, representing 10.14% of the total water consumption in the agricultural...

Author(s):Suliman A. Almojel, Adel M. Ghanem, Khalid N. Alrwis, Sahar A. Kamara, Sharafeldin B. Ahmed and Yusuf A. Krimly

Antifungal effect of wood vinegar from selected feedstocks on Ascochyta rabiei in vitro

Article in Press

A study to evaluate the antifungal activity of wood vinegar (pyrogenous acid) from maize cobs, acacia twigs, bean straw, and an invasive tree species Prosopis juliflora against Ascochyta rabiei was conducted in vitro and at Egerton University Njoro, Kenya. The physicochemical characteristics of the different wood vinegar were also determined. Antifungal effects of wood vinegar were evaluated at different concentrations...

Author(s):Simiyu Mary Namalwa, Joseph Juma Mafurah

Characterization of chicken production system in two selected districts in Central Tigray, Ethiopia

Article in Press

The study was conducted in Tahtay Michew and Mereb Leke districts with the objective to characterize the production system of chicken in the two study districts. Data collections were carried out through a structured questionnaire, and data collection from different sources. A total of 80 households (40 from each district) were randomly selected for interview for baseline survey. Finally, all the data collected were...

Author(s):Berhe Teklay, Yosef Tadesse, Solomon Abegaz

Productive and Reproductive Performance of Indigenous Chickens Reared in Hulbareg District, Silte Zone, Central Ethiopia

Article in Press

The study was conducted to investigate husbandry practice as well as the reproductive and productive performance of local chicken. According to the analysis of respondents' educational levels, 65 (54.17%) of them can write and read. The fact that 92 of the respondents (76.67%) had a married marital status shows that poultry can be a source of employment and income for families. For this study, a total of 120 native chicken...

Author(s):Solomon Musemaa, Tajudin Denurb, Abdi Wabelac, Dawit Nebretd

Genotype-by-Environment interaction and grain yield stability analysis for bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) grown in Southwest and West Shewa zones of Oromia, Ethiopia

Article in Press

The genetic performance of a crop is significantly influenced by its environment, including factors like soil, temperature, disease pressure, drought, and precipitation. Therefore, it is crucial to evaluate genotypes across diverse environments to identify stable varieties that best fit the intended area. In South West and West Shewa zones of Ethiopia, eight nationally released bread wheat varieties were collected from...

Author(s):Fasuluku Bayoh, Melvin S. George, Fayia A. Kassoh and Alieu M. Bah

Implementation of the Sustainable Cropland Management Practices (A case of Yem Special Woreda, in Ethiopia)

Article in Press

Limited attention is given to transform agriculture through environmentally friendly and climate smart technologies in study area. Therefore, this study was conducted with the aim of identifying the factors that affect the farmer’s decision to adopt the sustainable cropland practices in study area. Then, a demographic, socio-economic, institutional and physical factor was collected from 196 randomly selected households in...

Author(s):Bir bb, Yidnekachew Solomon, yendeshaw yeshiwas

Growth promotion and yield attribute improvement of five groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) varieties by application of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria.

Article in Press

The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the symbiotic performance of a collection of 10 Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) strains on the growth and yield attributes of 5 groundnut varieties. The screening was conducted in the greenhouse using seeds of the varieties Essamay, Amoul Morom, 55-437, Fleur 11 and Sunu Gaal grown in 1.5 kg pots with Sangalkam soils. Leaf chlorophyll content, plant height, number...

Author(s):Sene Godar

Growth and Leaf Yield of Lettuce (Lactuca Sativa L.) as Influenced By Levels of Nitrogen Fertilizer and Intra Row Spacing at Wolaita Sodo University, Southern Ethiopia.

Article in Press

Lettuce is one of the most important vegetable crops. The management of agronomic practices is a crucial element that significantly influences the growth and productivity of the lettuce crop. During the 2019 to 2020 growing seasons, a field experiment was conducted at Wolaita Sodo University in Southern Ethiopia to determine the effects of nitrogen fertilizer rate and intra row plant spacing on the growth and leaf yield of...

Author(s):Gifole Gidago, Birhanu Lencha,Aman Gebrewold

Controlling The Diamondback Moth (Xylostella Pluttela) By Intercropping Rape (Brassica Napus) And Garlic (Allium Sativum) .

Article in Press

Cultural methods such as intercropping can be applied to manage insect pests and reduce the problems caused by use of insecticides. An experiment was carried out in Ward 1 of Hurungwe District, in Zimbabwe at Muchbinding Farm to investigate the management of diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella) in Rape (Brassica napus) by intercropping rape with garlic (Allium sativum). A randomized complete block design with four...

Author(s):Rumbidzai Debra Katsaruware-Chapoto,Dennis Ian Chabikwa

Genetic divergence among linseed (linumusitatissimum l.) genotypesfor morpho-agronomic traits, fatty acids and oil yield in Ethiopia

Article in Press

The present study was conducted with 120 germplasm of linseed (Linumusitatissimum L) including six checks, to assess the extent and pattern of genetic divergence. The experiment was conducted in Alpha lattice Design at Holeta and Kulumsa Research Centers, highlands of Ethiopia during rainfed season 2019/20. The genetic diversity was estimated by Mahalanobis D2statistics and the genotypes were grouped into four clusters...

Author(s):Tadesse Ghiday, Prof. Wassu Mohammed, Yemane Tsehaye, Chemeda Daba, Adugna Wakjira, Tesfaye Dissasa

Evaluation of Nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium of some crops straw and their corresponding vermicompost using Eisenia fetida in Bedele District.

Article in Press

Vermicomposting is a Biotechniques and vermicompost are a good superlative for organic farming. The aim of present study was to evaluate supplement of nutrient from Pisum sativum, Guizotia abyssinica and Eragrostis tef through the process of vermicompost employing Eisenia fetida to treat soil acidity and maintain soil fertility and to enhance farmer’s crop productivity. The prepared for laboratory analysis and...

Author(s):Tizita Alemu Warkeneh and Fikru Mosisa

Reviewing Impacts of Organic Farming in Promoting Soil Fertility and Biodiversity Conservation

Article in Press

The objective of reviewing organic farming impact on soil fertility and biodiversity conservation was to get an updated scientific understanding, evidence-based decision-making, comparative analysis, conservation, sustainability, and continuous improvement. Inorganic agricultural farm-ing is a conventional or industrial farming system by utilizing synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, and genetically modified organisms to...

Author(s):Lalisa Diriba Falama

Economic Analysis of Various Fertilizer Blends on Maize (Zea mays L.) Yield in Lilongwe District, Central Malawi

Article in Press

Maize is the main staple food crop and dominates farming systems in Malawi. Maize farming covers 92% of Malawi’s arable land contributing to 54% of national caloric intake. For this reason, the Government has over the decades implemented annual fertilizer subsidy programs for maize production as a key strategy to achieving food security. However, national fertilizer (Basal 23:10:5+6S+1Zn and Top 46%N) remains the only...

Author(s):Gabriel Dean Chilumpha and Jonathan Atkinson

Genotype x Environment Interaction and Seed Yield Stability of Linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) Genotypes in North, Central and Southeast Ethiopia

Article in Press

Lack of suitable varieties that exhibit stable yield performances across wide ranges of environments is the major factor among several production constraints contributing to low productivity of linseed in Ethiopia. Thirteen linseed genotypes were planted in Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications at six linseed major growing agro-ecologies of Northern, central and Southeastern Ethiopia (Werabe, D\Markos,...

Author(s):Tadesse Ghiday, Wassu Mohamed, Yemane Tsehaye, Adugna Wakjira, Chemeda Daba and Teasfaye Disasa

Determinants of small landholder maize farmers’ productivity and market access: A case of Bilate Zuria woreda, Sidama national regional state, Ethiopia

Article in Press

Increasing maize productivity for small landholder farmers has a big potential to uplift the living standards of poor household through increasing production and consumption. This study, therefore, examined the determinants of productivity and market access among smallholder maize farmers in Bilate Zuria woreda using the Probit model and Cobb Douglass production functions. The socio-economic results found that the average...

Author(s):Yohannes Hobasa Kayamo, Kenenisa Abdisa Kuse,Kaleab Tesfaye Tegegne and Tadele Kassahun Wudu

Characterization of genetic variance of cassava seedlings for yield performance in highlands of Uganda

Article in Press

The experiment was conducted in Uganda 2013, in two locations; National Crops Resources Research Institute (NaCRRI) in Namulonge representing the lowland at 1150 meters above sea level, and Buginyanya Zonal Agricultural Research Development Institute (BugiZARDI) in Buginyanya located in highlands sites in Eastern Uganda at >1750 m.a.s.l. A total of 4800 botanical seeds collected from 24 half-sib families were planted in...

Author(s):Gabriel Joshua Gadet, Settumba M and Robert Kawuki

Growth Performance Evaluation and Demonstration of Potchefstroom Koekoek Chicken Breed Under Intensive and Rural Household Conditions in Shashemene and Kuyera Districts of West Arsi Zone, Ethiopia

Article in Press

A study aiming at enhancing the production and productivity of small-scale family poultry production system in urban and peri-urban areas, through demonstration and evaluation of dual purpose chicken breed conducted in Shashemene and Kuyera districts. In the study, five households (HHs) were involved and two days training on basic chicken management (health and nutrition) given at HH level. Each HH received 50 a day-old...

Author(s):Misba Alewi and Alemayehu Guteta

Generation mean analysis of fruit yield and yield related traits in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.)

Article in Press

Information on gene actions controlling the expression of traits from generation mean analysis is critical for developing heterotic hybrids and/or selection of lines from segregating generations. The study was conducted under irrigation condition at West Wallega Zone Gimbi Destric from October 2020 to June 2021. Two extremely different lines viz. ARP tomato d2 (Floradado) (fresh market tomato) with higher TSS, pH value,...

Author(s):Jiregna Tasisa Dufera

Determinants of Improved (Limu) Maize Variety Adoption and its use Intensity: Evidence from Dale Wabera District, Kellem Wollega Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia

Article in Press

This study focused on factors affecting improved (Limu) maize variety adoption and its use intensity in Dale Wabara District. Qualitative and quantitative data were collected from primary and secondary sources. A Multi-stage sampling technique was employed to select 319 households for primary data collection. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and double hurdle model. Descriptive statistics were used to...

Author(s):Bikila Tesfa, Temesgen Olani, Amanuel Birhanu and Abera Jaleta

Pollination by Xylocopa olivacea Fabricius 1871 (Hymenoptera : Apidae) and potential benefits on Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. 1843 (Fabaceae) production at Djoumassi (North Region, Cameroon)

Article in Press

Investigations were conducted to study the impact of Xylocopa olivacea on Vigna unguiculata yields and its foraging and pollinating activities were studied at Djoumassi from October 30th to November 04th in 2018 and from 04th to 10th October in 2019. Observations were made on 540 flowers divided into four treatments of which two were differentiated according to the presence or absence of flower protection regarding insect...

Author(s):YATAHAI Clément MINEO, MASSAH DABOLE Odette, KODJI ISSAYA ISSAYA, ADAMOU Moïse, KINGHA TEKOMBO Bernice M. and MAZI SANDA

Heterogeneity in maize (Zea mays L.) landrace seeds of the Lake Zone of Tanzania

Article in Press

Among the most likely genetic shortcomings of landrace varieties is a lack of genetic uniformity and variety purity. An analysis of genetic heterogeneity was performed on 40 maize landrace seed samples collected from the Lake Zone regions of Tanzania using the Grow Out Test (GOT) method in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD). Seed samples were replicated four times, which resulted in 160 experimental units at the SUA...

Author(s):Gregory Mwanishi and Dunstan Gabriel Msuya

Effect of Site-Specific Fertilizer Application on Selected Soil Physicochemical Properties, Maize (Zea mays L.) Growth and Yield in Mikalango Extension Planning Area, Southern Malawi

Article in Press

Malawi’s economy is agro-based, yet soils are continuously depleted of nutrients threatening development, food, and nutrition security. Current blanket application of fertilizers doesn’t often match with nutrient deficiencies in the diverse soils of Malawi. Further, blanket fertilizer application results in over-fertilization which brings about greenhouse gas emissions from highly fertilized soils contributing to climate...

Author(s):Gabriel D. Chilumpha, Samuel Feyissa and Isaac R. Fandika

Comparative studies of hematological profiles of cultured and wild Clariid Catfish, Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) in South-east Nigeria

Article in Press

The study compared the hematological profiles of cultured and wild Clarias gariepinus from selected fish farms and rivers in Southeast Nigeria. Wild fish were collected from Anambra, Imo, Otamiri and Cross Rivers while farmed fish were sampled from Awka, Umuahia, Owerri and Abakiliki farms. 15 C. gariepinus were collected monthly from each of the rivers and farms for 12 months (January – December 2022). The overall mean...

Author(s):Christopher Nwani, Janefrances Chioma Okeke and Joseph E Eyo

Characterization of Smallholder Irob Cattle Production System: Contributions to Develop a Breeding Program

Article in Press

A survey (i) to study livestock production system, reproductive and productive performance traits of cattle and (ii) to recognize constraints to cattle production was conducted in selected districts of eastern Tigray zone. Six tabias (the smallest administrative unit consisting of several villages) were selected. Mixed crop-livestock farming system dominates the area. Overall herd size was 5.14±2.68. Cattle are reared for...

Author(s):Hagos H. Abraham

Phenotypic and Genotypic Variability of Bambara Groundnut (Vigna subterranean L) Accessions at Tepi Southwest, Ethiopia

Article in Press

Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranean (L) Verdc.) is a grain legume underutilized in Africa. The objective of this study was to determine the extent of phenotypic and genotypic variability of the introduced accessions and the relationship between the traits, which would aid in the selection of elite accessions. A field trial was conducted in Tepi, southwestern Ethiopia, during the 2021/22 cropping season. 276 Bambara...

Author(s):Getachew Shiferaw, Wosene Gebresilassie, and Uba Charles U.

An Assessment of Constraints and Potential Benefits of Using Burrow Pits for Fish Farming.A case study of Kano State, Nigeria.

Article in Press

The study was conducted between January 2021 and March 2022 in 2local governmentsof Kano State, Nigeria(namely: Sallarin, {TarauniLG}andKofan Dan Agundi,{Municipal LG}). The objective of the study are to examine the socioeconomic characteristics of fish farmers, estimate the opportunities of the burrow pits fish production systems and identify the problems facing fish farmers in the study areas.Specifically, the results...

Author(s):Alhaji T.A., Somasundara J.W.D. and Saad Buba

Analysis of Factors Influencing the Adoption of Integrated Soil Fertility Management in Siyadeberna Wayu District, Amhara National, Regional State, Ethiopia

Article in Press

Ethiopia is the most soil fertility-degraded part of the world, caused by continuous cultivation of monocrops, insufficient organic matter application, and integrated soil fertility management (ISFM). The main objective of this study was to examine the adoption level and factors influencing ISFM in Siyadeberna Wayu Woreda, Amhara National Regional State, Ethiopia. A cross-sectional survey research design was used. A...

Author(s):Abebe Alemu Gebre Selassie and Ayalkie Belete

Management of pigeon pea pod borer (Helicoverpa armigera) using biopesticides and yield performance in arid and semi-arid areas of Kenya

Article in Press

Pod borer (Helicoverpa armigera) is one of the major causes of low productivity in pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) in Kenya. This study determined the effect of Nimbedicine, Pyagro and Bacillus thuringiensis on pod borer and grain yield performance of two pigeon pea varieties. The experiments were set up in Kapkayo and Koibatek during April-September, 2020 and May-October, 2021 cropping seasons. The experiment was laid in split...

Author(s):Stella Jepkosgei, Miriam Karwitha Charimbu, Paul Kimurto, Juliana J. Cheboi, and Nadigatla Ganga Rao

Effects of Climate Change on Livestock Farmers in Mundri East County

Article in Press

The study was conducted on the effect of climate change on livestock production in Mundri East County of Western Equatoria state, South Sudan. Data were collected by using a cross-sectional questionnaire administered to 120 households who used to rear livestock in two Payams of Kediba and Lakamadi respectively. Majorities (75%) of the households were male and had more than 20 years’ experiences in livestock production....

Author(s):Girima Tona

Heterosis in Crosses of Linseed Parental lines for Morpho-agronomic Traits, Oil Content and Fatty Acids Components

Article in Press

The magnitude of heterosis provides a basis for genetic diversity and guideline to the choice of desirable parents for developing superior F1 hybrids. This study was carried out to exploit hybrid vigour and for building gene pool to be exploitation in population improvement. Heterosis and nature of gene action for morphoagronomic traits, oil content and fatty acid composition in linseed. Eight parents, their 28 F1crosses...

Author(s):Tadesse Ghiday, Wassu Mohamed, Yemane Tsehaye, Adugna Wakjira, Chemeda Daba and Teasfaye Disasa

Effect of Turmeric-calamansi Supplementation on the Drinking Water of Broiler Chickens

Article in Press

The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of turmeric and Calamansi juice as water supplement on the live and carcass weight performance of broiler chicken. The research was carried out using completely randomized design (CRD). Ninety-six broiler chickens were raised from day old to 45 days old chicks. The chicks was supplemented with water supplements according to treatments. The study used four treatments...

Author(s):Frank Clin M. Parado and Jammil D. Eppie

Effect of 40 years continuous application of sewer water on soil properties and plant nutrient contents under the drainage basin area in Parbhani district of Maharashtra as affected by crop season

Article in Press

The present study deals the assessment of changes in soil properties and plant nutrient contents of sorghum and soybean crop after 40 years of continuous application of reclaimed sewer water as affected by the crop season. Results of the study revealed that the various soil properties and plant nutrients of the crops viz., sorghum and soybean highly influenced by the 40 years continuous application of the sewer water....

Author(s):P. H. Gourkhede, K. Yadav and S. P. Zade

Genotype and Environment Interaction for yield performance of 12 Advanced Tongil rice genotypes with Doubled Haploid Background under Salts tress conditions in Tanzania.

Article in Press

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is an important global food commodity crop. Its yield was affected by genotype, environment, and the interaction between genotype and environment that demands the development of diverse tolerant rice to increase yields and adaptation. Genotype & Environment interaction for yields of rice Tongil types with doubled haploid (DH) were evaluated in three locations. A randomized complete block design...

Author(s):Benjamin Peter Mfupe, Susan Nchimbi Msolla and Luseko Amos Chilagane

Genetic diversity of Cleome gynandra germplasm in Burkina Faso using SSRs molecular markers

Article in Press

Cleome gynandra L. is an important traditional leafy vegetable in Burkina Faso diets. Because of its high nutritional value, it makes a good dietary supplement, providing an important nutritional and medicinal requirement. The aim of the present study was to assess the genetic diversity and intra- and interpopulation relationships of the C gynandra collection using SSR molecular markers specific to Cleome gynandra. Nine...

Author(s):SAKANDE Boureima, KIEBRE Zakaria, BATIENO Teyiouê Benoît Joseph, SAWADOGO Pingawindé and BATIONO/KANDO Pauline

Opportunities, Perceptions and Challenges in Production and Use of Traditional Grains in Semi-Arid Masvingo District, Zimbabwe

Article in Press

This paper aims to understand farmers’ perceptions and challenges in production and use of traditional grains as well as feed manufacturers perceptions on inclusion of traditional grains in feed formulations. The study also seeks to ascertain the opportunities for increased adoption of traditional grains as an adaptive strategy to climate change. Climate change has contributed to a shift in seasons and precipitation,...

Author(s):Nyasha Rugwete

Evaluating the soil carbon sequestration potential through measuring clay, sand and silt content in soil under agroforestry parklands systems according to a rainfall gradient in Burkina Faso (West Africa)

Article in Press

Soil texture and precipitation influence soil organic carbon sequestration. This research measured soil texture to assess the organic carbon sequestration potential of the soils in agroforestry parklands according to a rainfall gradient for sites recommendations to promote agroforestry to mitigate climate change in Burkina Faso. Soil samples were collected at layers 0- 10, 10 - 20 and 20 - 30 cm in agroforestry parklands...

Author(s):Yacouba Noël Coulibaly and Gérard Zombré

Economic Evaluation of Cowpea Production under different Spraying Regimes in three Southern Agro-ecologies of Nigeria

Article in Press

Use of pesticide in cowpea production has remained on the front burner of discuss on sustainable cowpea production due to prevailing threat of insect pests, increasing cost of chemicals, threat of environmental hazard and concern for food safety. This study therefore evaluated different spraying regimes on production of two cowpea varieties in the humid South West Agro-ecologies with the aim of recommending optimum...

Author(s):J. O. OLASOJI, O. A. EGBETOKUN, M. A. KOLAWOLE, M. Y. ADEDIGBA, J. O. SAKA and O. F. OWOLADE

Challenges faced by small scale sugarcane growers: an exploration of the impact of social unrest on sugarcane farming in Kwazulu-Natal

Article in Press

The South African sugar industry is considered by the South African Sugar Association (SASA) as one of the world’s leading cost competitive producers of high-quality sugar and contributes significantly to the national economy, sustainable development and creates mass employment in rural areas. However, numerous challenges are faced by small scale sugarcane growers which drastically affect their profit margins and...

Author(s):Simphiwe Promise Buthelezi, Londeka Nxumalo and Xolani Terrance Ngema

Screening of selected tomato germplasm for the resistance to Tuta absoluta, whiteflies, and red spider mites

Article in Press

Tomato production is constrained by arthropod pests which cause significant damage reducing both quality and quantity of the yields. These arthropod pests include tomato leaf miner, whitefly and red spider mite. Over-reliance and use of chemical pesticides to control these pests have led to the loss of efficacy against them. Host plant resistance, a key component in Integrated Pest Management as a long term intervention...

Author(s):Wanderi, P.N., Kilalo, D.C., Olubayo, F.M. and Nzuve, F.

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