African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6849

Full Length Research Paper

Cocoa (Theobroma cacao) and local fruit species interaction: Case of Beilschmiedia mannii in traditional agroforestry systems in western Côte d'Ivoire

Nzi Jean-Claude
  • Nzi Jean-Claude
  • World Agroforestry (ICRAF), 08 BP 2823 Abidjan 08, Côte d’Ivoire.
  • Google Scholar
Mbo Kacou Alban Antoine
  • Mbo Kacou Alban Antoine
  • World Agroforestry (ICRAF), 08 BP 2823 Abidjan 08, Côte d’Ivoire.
  • Google Scholar
Lougue Bassirou
  • Lougue Bassirou
  • World Agroforestry (ICRAF), 08 BP 2823 Abidjan 08, Côte d’Ivoire.
  • Google Scholar
Affessi Wenceslas
  • Affessi Wenceslas
  • World Agroforestry (ICRAF), 08 BP 2823 Abidjan 08, Côte d’Ivoire.
  • Google Scholar
Kouassi Kouadio Henri
  • Kouassi Kouadio Henri
  • UFR Agroforestry, University Jean Lorougnon Guédé, BP 444 Daloa-Tazibouo 2, Côte d’Ivoire.
  • Google Scholar
Kouame Christophe
  • Kouame Christophe
  • World Agroforestry (ICRAF), 08 BP 2823 Abidjan 08, Côte d’Ivoire.
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  •  Received: 26 November 2022
  •  Accepted: 23 February 2023
  •  Published: 31 May 2023

Abstract

Cocoa (Theobroma cacao) cultivation in Côte d'Ivoire faces many constraints and remains one of the main causes of deforestation. However, cocoa-based agroforestry and the domestication of cocoa companion trees would be an alternative to overcome these constraints. This study was conducted to improve the sustainability of cocoa production through its association with "Bitéi" (Beilschmiedia mannii) in the localities of Duekoué, Guéyo and Buyo in Côte d'Ivoire. The Bitéi x cocoa interaction was analyzed through the dendrometric parameters of the B. mannii trees and the density and potential yield of cocoa in each transect of 10 and 20 m. The results indicate that the dendrometric parameters (height, crown diameter, and DBH) of Bitéi in the three localities did not show significant differences. Bitéi had an average aboveground biomass of 443 t/ha. Analysis of the interaction between Bitéi and cocoa showed that this species would have influenced the aboveground biomass, density, crown diameter and yield potential of the cocoa trees. Based on the results obtained, it is suggested that farmers consider a distance of about 5 m between cocoa and B. mannii when establishing cocoa farms, and to use this species to densify the farms in cocoa-based agroforests.

Key words: Beilschmiedia mannii, dendrometric and agromorphological parameters, cocoa agroforests.