African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6654

Full Length Research Paper

Dominant practices, information, and constraints of soil moisture conservation and nutrient management for range pastures in a sedentary grazing system in South-Western Uganda

Dina Nabasumba
  • Dina Nabasumba
  • Mbarara Zonal Agricultural Research and Development Institute, P. O. Box 389, Mbarara, Uganda.
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Robert Muzira
  • Robert Muzira
  • Mbarara Zonal Agricultural Research and Development Institute, P. O. Box 389, Mbarara, Uganda.
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Geoffrey Beyihayo
  • Geoffrey Beyihayo
  • Department of Animal Production and Range Management, Faculty of Agriculture and Environment, Gulu University, P. O. Box 166, Gulu, Uganda.
  • Google Scholar
Joseph Okello
  • Joseph Okello
  • Mbarara Zonal Agricultural Research and Development Institute, P. O. Box 389, Mbarara, Uganda.
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Halid Kirunda
  • Halid Kirunda
  • Mbarara Zonal Agricultural Research and Development Institute, P. O. Box 389, Mbarara, Uganda.
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  •  Received: 19 February 2022
  •  Accepted: 19 May 2022
  •  Published: 30 June 2022

Abstract

Range pastures constitute the major source of livestock feeds throughout the year in the grazing areas of Uganda. However, pasture yields have been declining overtime, yet there is limited information on efforts of improving pasture productivity through soil moisture conservation and nutrient management. This study assessed soil moisture conservation and nutrient management practices used by livestock farmers, sources of information, and constraints hindering adoption of the potential practices in range pasture management. Through simple random sampling, semi-structured questionnaires were administered to 250 livestock farmers in five districts in South-western Uganda. Agroforestry was the dominant soil moisture conservation and nutrient management practice used in the range pastures (87.6%). Farmers’ own knowledge was the major source of information (49.1%) while lack of information (67.2%) and lack of funds (61.1%) were the major constraints for farmers’ adoption of soil moisture conservation and nutrient management practices. Therefore, this study recommends farmer participatory testing and adaptation of alternative practices alongside agroforestry, inclusion of soil moisture conservation and nutrient management practices for range pastures in extension programs for livestock production and financial incentives to livestock farmers to boost their capacity to invest in soil management practices for sustainable production of range pastures.  

Key words: Agroforestry, farmers’ knowledge, range pastures, soil management, sedentary pastoralism.