African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6669

Full Length Research Paper

Evaluation of medium maturity group of soybean (Glycine max L. Merr) for agronomic performance and adaptation in Sudanian zone of Burkina Faso

Ibié Gilles Thio
  • Ibié Gilles Thio
  • Institut de l’Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles (INERA), Ouagadougou 01, P. O. Box 476, Burkina Faso
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Nofou Ouédraogo
  • Nofou Ouédraogo
  • Institut de l’Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles (INERA), Ouagadougou 01, P. O. Box 476, Burkina Faso
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Inoussa Drabo
  • Inoussa Drabo
  • Institut de l’Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles (INERA), Ouagadougou 01, P. O. Box 476, Burkina Faso
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Frank Essem
  • Frank Essem
  • Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana.
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Fidèle Bawomon Neya
  • Fidèle Bawomon Neya
  • Université Nazi BONI/Centre Universitaire de Gaoua 01, P. O. Box 1091, Bobo-Dioulasso 01, Burkina Faso.
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Pierre Alexandre Eric Djifaby Sombié
  • Pierre Alexandre Eric Djifaby Sombié
  • Institut de l’Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles (INERA), Ouagadougou 01, P. O. Box 476, Burkina Faso
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Fabrice Wendyam Nikiema
  • Fabrice Wendyam Nikiema
  • Institut de l’Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles (INERA), Ouagadougou 01, P. O. Box 476, Burkina Faso
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Oumar Boro
  • Oumar Boro
  • Institut de l’Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles (INERA), Ouagadougou 01, P. O. Box 476, Burkina Faso
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Bouma Thio
  • Bouma Thio
  • Institut de l’Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles (INERA), Ouagadougou 01, P. O. Box 476, Burkina Faso
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James Bouma Néya
  • James Bouma Néya
  • Institut de l’Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles (INERA), Ouagadougou 01, P. O. Box 476, Burkina Faso
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Bertin M'bi Zagré
  • Bertin M'bi Zagré
  • Institut de l’Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles (INERA), Ouagadougou 01, P. O. Box 476, Burkina Faso
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Mahamadou Sawadogo
  • Mahamadou Sawadogo
  • Université Joseph KI-ZERBO/ UFR Science de la Vie et de la Terre, Ouagadougou 03, P. O. Box 7021, Burkina Faso.
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Paco Sérémé
  • Paco Sérémé
  • Institut de l’Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles (INERA), Ouagadougou 01, P. O. Box 476, Burkina Faso
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  •  Received: 09 February 2022
  •  Accepted: 16 March 2022
  •  Published: 30 April 2022

Abstract

Soybean is an economically important crop that provides oil and high-quality protein. In Burkina Faso, soybean is one of the promising crops identified in the framework of the strategy for the development of agricultural sectors. However, very few improved varieties have been developed. The identification of newly improved varieties with high agronomic potential and adapted to the climatic conditions will strengthen soybean production in the country. The objective of this study was to evaluate the agronomic performance of 24 soybean genotypes at the Farako-Bâ Research Station in the Sudanian zone of Burkina Faso. The experimental design was an alpha lattice arranged in a 50 cm × 5 cm with 3 replications. The results of this research revealed significant differences (p <0.05) among genotypes with reference to days to flowering, days to maturity, number of nodules, plant height, pod clearance, number of pods, pod shattering, hundred seed weight and number of nodes. Nodules score and diameter, number of branches and grain yield were non-significant. Based on agronomical traits, three genotype groups were clustered. Clusters 1 consisted of the high grain yield groups with the genotypes TGX2017-5E (2083.33 kg/ha), TGX1993-4FN (1666.67 kg/ha), TGX2017-6E (1666.67 kg/ha) and TGX2016-4E (1583.33 kg/ha), being the highest yielding.

Key words: Soybean, agronomic performance, adaptation, genetic variability, Burkina Faso.