African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6849

Full Length Research Paper

Allelopathic potential of green manure, cover crops, mulching plants, and weeds found in tea plantations

K. G. Nelum
  • K. G. Nelum
  • Biochemistry Division, Tea Research Institute of Sri Lanka, Talawakelle, Sri Lanka.
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P. Piyasena
  • P. Piyasena
  • Biochemistry Division, Tea Research Institute of Sri Lanka, Talawakelle, Sri Lanka.
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M. G. S. Liyanage
  • M. G. S. Liyanage
  • Biochemistry Division, Tea Research Institute of Sri Lanka, Talawakelle, Sri Lanka.
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N. C. Weerakoon
  • N. C. Weerakoon
  • Biochemistry Division, Tea Research Institute of Sri Lanka, Talawakelle, Sri Lanka.
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M. S. D. L. De Silva
  • M. S. D. L. De Silva
  • Biochemistry Division, Tea Research Institute of Sri Lanka, Talawakelle, Sri Lanka.
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  •  Received: 21 August 2023
  •  Accepted: 19 September 2023
  •  Published: 31 October 2023

Abstract

The allelopathic activity of cover crops, green manure, mulching plants, and weeds commonly found in tea plantations was evaluated employing laboratory bioassays, greenhouse experiments and field trials. The results of laboratory and greenhouse experiments concluded that the green manure plants, Gliricidia sepium, Erythrina lithosperma, Eupatorium inulifolium, Tithonia diversifolia, Artemisia vulgaris and mulching plants, Chrysopogon zizanioides, Tripsacum luxum and Pennisetum purpureum × Pennisetum americanum exhibited phytotoxicity against Lactuca sativa. According to the findings of the field tests, these plants significantly exhibited phytotoxicity toward weeds present at the experimental sites. In combination with integrated weed management, these plants could be utilized to manage weeds in sustainable agriculture.

Key words: Allelopathy, field experiments, greenhouse experiments, laboratory bioassay, phytotoxicity.