African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6691

Full Length Research Paper

Polycentric irrigation water governance: Irrigation water users associations service delivery in Ketar subbasin, Ethiopia

Yohannes Geleta Sida
  • Yohannes Geleta Sida
  • College of Development Studies, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Belay Simane
  • Belay Simane
  • College of Development Studies, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Engidawork Assefa
  • Engidawork Assefa
  • College of Development Studies, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Amare Haileslassie
  • Amare Haileslassie
  • International Water Management Institute (IWMI), East Africa Office, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 22 July 2022
  •  Accepted: 20 September 2022
  •  Published: 31 October 2022

Abstract

Polycentric irrigation water governance allows community institutions to deliver better irrigation services. This study examined the Irrigation Water User Associations (IWUAs) service delivery performance in the Ketar subbasin, Ethiopia, focusing on four irrigation schemes. The irrigation water user associations in the subbasin were measured on their legal registration and financial status, while the four schemes were examined on their bylaw implementation, decision transparency, water allocation, and infrastructure management. Three hundred eleven (311) randomly selected irrigators were surveyed. The study showed that 73 and 21% of the modern and traditional IWUAs in the subbasin are legally registered and collect an average ETB 1200/year/ha which is insignificant for O&M. The four schemes' water distribution disparity ranges from 3.5 to 8.4 L/s at farmers' plots. 47 and 62% of the respondents depicted their dissatisfaction with the water allocation and satisfaction with IWUAs' decision-making transparency, respectively. The study also revealed that the IWUAs are compounded with weak infrastructure management that resulted in substantial water loss ranging from 12 to 49%. Besides, 70% of respondents witnessed a lack of gender-based irrigation incentives for female irrigators. Improving these services makes the polycentric irrigation water governance play an exponential beneficial role in alleviating the consequence of unregulated water use.

Key words: Polycentric irrigation water governance, water allocation, decision making, irrigation water user association.