Natural resources is vital to humans exposed to destructive agents of human, So that degradation rate is not comparable with the measures that the government is doing in the conservation of forests and pastures. For the beginning, to overcome the problems, the government's role is important as planning and supporting projects of natural resources. Hence, this study was to identify factors influencing popular participation in the preservation and restoration of forests and pastures. This research has been done based on the descriptive research method survey and study population which includes the expert and managers of natural resources in Ilam province. The sample size was 56 including the number of experts and managers to help using Cochrane formula. Research tool known as questionnaire was developed made from the research and theoretical literature from the interviews administered by the experts, and it was used to determine the validity of the panel of experts Agriculture and Natural Resources. Reliability research tool with the ability to complete the questionnaire in 30 tests before qualifying stage and was obtained by calculating Cronbach's alpha equal to 0.88%. Due to the nature of the data, factor analysis technique was used to analyze data. The results showed that political factors (28.49%), extension (10.15%), social-cultural (9.51%), economic (8.71%), psychological (5.90%) and individual (5.71%) with a total of 69.49% explained the total variance and can be considered as the most important factors in maintaining popular participation and regeneration of forests and pastures.
Key words: Participation, factor analysis, natural resources.
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