The purpose of this research was to evaluate soybean agronomic traits performance under row spacing associated with NPK fertilizer. The experimental design was set up in a randomized complete block and the treatments were arranged with factorial concept, consisting of four NPK (02-20-18%) fertilizer rates (0; 200; 400 and 600 kg ha-1) and five row spacing (0.35; 0.45; 0.50; 0.60 and 0.70 m), with three replications. The measurements were performed in two consecutive cropping seasons. The following variables were determined: time of canopy closure; plant height; the height of the first pod insertion; number of pods per plant; number of branches per plant; number of grains per pod; 1000-grain weight; and grain yield. The narrow row spacing (below than 0.40 m) may be a profitable alternative to reduce intraspecific plant competition resulting in improvement of soybean agronomic performance, resulting faster canopy closure and relative equidistance among soybean plants. Narrow rows promoted increase in soybean grain yield. The row spacing of 0.35 m associated with 600 kg ha-1 of NPK fertilizer was the profitable combination to achieve the highest soybean grain yield. The wide row spacing demand more fertilizer to remain the same performance than in 0.35 m spacing row.
Key words: Glycine max L., soil fertility, cropping season, soil science.
NTS, No-tillage system; FS, final stand; TCC, time for canopy closure; PH, plant height; HFPI, height of the first pod insertion; NBP, number of branches per plant; NFPP, number of failed pods per plant; NGPl, number of grains per plant; GY, grain yield; 1000GW, 1000-grain weight.
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