African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6688

Full Length Research Paper

Assessing the effect of farmers’ practices on the severity of groundnut rosette virus disease in Uganda

Mugisa I. O.
  • Mugisa I. O.
  • Mukono Zonal Agricultural Research and Development Institute, P. O. Box. 164 Mukono, Uganda.
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Karungi J.
  • Karungi J.
  • College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Makerere University, P. O. Box 7062 Kampala, Uganda.
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Akello B
  • Akello B
  • National Semi-Arid Resources Research Institute, P. O. Box Soroti, Uganda.
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Ochwo-Ssemakula M. K. N
  • Ochwo-Ssemakula M. K. N
  • College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Makerere University, P. O. Box 7062 Kampala, Uganda.
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Biruma M.
  • Biruma M.
  • National Semi-Arid Resources Research Institute, P. O. Box Soroti, Uganda.
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Okello D. K.
  • Okello D. K.
  • National Semi-Arid Resources Research Institute, P. O. Box Soroti, Uganda.
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Otim G
  • Otim G
  • National Semi-Arid Resources Research Institute, P. O. Box Soroti, Uganda.
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  •  Received: 24 September 2014
  •  Accepted: 10 February 2015
  •  Published: 26 February 2015

Abstract

Groundnut rosette virus disease is the most destructive disease of groundnut in Sub-Saharan Africa, Uganda inclusive. Over the past years, a wide range of management options for this disease have been developed and recommended for farmers in Uganda.  Relevant efforts have also been made by researchers in disseminating improved technologies to farmers in several parts of the country. However, questions on the extent to which farmers are currently utilizing these technologies and their effectiveness in controlling the disease in their fields remain unanswered. This study aimed at assessing the effect of farmers’ practices on the severity patterns of groundnut rosette virus disease in Uganda. A survey was conducted within five agro-ecological zones in Uganda to obtain information on the various practices farmers employ in the management of the crop and disease in their fields using a structured questionnaire. Disease severity was scored in each farmer’s field.  Farmers were found to be employing a range of practices in groundnut production, including: early sowing, intercropping, use of improved groundnut genotypes, crop rotation; and uprooting and burning diseased plants among others. However, only two management practices: early sowing and use of improved varieties were found to significantly (P<0.05) reduce rosette severity in groundnut fields. Special consideration should therefore be given to these two GRVD management strategies while developing and promoting management packages for this disease.

 

Key words: Groundnut, rosette, incidence, severity, farmers, management.