The rapid growth in the world economy has led to significant increases in energy demand. However, due to the limited formation of fossil fuel reserves such as petroleum, coal and natural gas, and the damage they cause to the environment,it has brought the trend towards renewable energy sources.The main renewable energy sources that can be effectively utilized in agriculture sector are; solar, biomass, geothermal and wind energies.The type of energy that can be used in agricultural production depends on the design of the renewable energy source and the agricultural structure and processes. The main energy consuming processes during production are irrigation, drying of products, heating and cooling of greenhouse gases and animal shelters. Fossil fuels are used during these operations. New technological applications in agriculture, further increases energy consumption. However, due to the increase in the cost of fossil fuels and environmental pollution; the use of renewable energy resources, which have a great potential in the agriculture sector, can be eliminated from this problem. This study examines examples of renewable energy sources that can be effectively utilized in the agricultural sector, Turkey. Proposals have been made for energy efficiency through the use of renewable energy source technologies that can be utilized in energy agriculture and agricultural production operations.
Key words: Renewable energy sources, fossil fuels, agriculture, environmental impact.
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