African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6693

Full Length Research Paper

The role of television in the enhancement of farmers’ agricultural knowledge

Mohammad Reza Nazari1,2 and Md Salleh Bin Hj Hassan1,3
  1Department of Communication, Faculty of Modern Languages and Communication, University Putra Malaysia, 43400, Selangor, Malaysia. 2Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting (IRIB) East Asia Regional Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 3Institute of Social Sciences Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400, Selangor, Malaysia.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 31 January 2011
  •  Published: 18 February 2011

Abstract

 

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of television as an educational tool to the enhancement of farmers’ knowledge. This study was a randomized subject, pretest-posttest design among farmers who were working and residing in Kohgiluyeh va Buyer Ahmad province, Iran. The subjects of the study included 161 farmers who were selected randomly from rural areas. After determining the educational goals of the study, a questionnaire was designed as pre and post test. Based on educational contents, one TV program was produced with emphasis on fighting against agricultural pests, and correct method of using agricultural poisons. Participants responded to the pre and post test before and after broadcasting the television program through the provincial broadcast center. Almost all farmers in this study were male (90.1%) and married (80%) with mean age of 41.65 ± 14.69 years. The finding of the study showed that educational intervention through a TV program resulted in a significant knowledge enhancement from 3.73 to 6.26 (p<0.001). Mass media offer effective channels for communicating agricultural messages, which can increase knowledge and influence behavior of audience members.

 

Key words:  Agriculture, knowledge, media, television.