African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6638

Full Length Research Paper

Cereals production in Nigeria: Problems, constraints and opportunities for betterment

U. Ismaila1*, A. S. Gana2, N. M. Tswanya3 and D. Dogara4
1National Cereals Research Institute, Badeggi Bida, Niger State, Nigeria. 2Department of Crop Production, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Niger state, Nigeria. 3College of Agriculture Mokwa, Niger state, Nigeria. 4Niger State Agricultural Development Project, Minna, Niger State, Nigeria.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 25 May 2010
  •  Published: 18 June 2010

Abstract

Nigeria agriculture is characterized by small holdings, low capitalization and low yield per unit of land. Cereal crops are the major dietary energy supplier all over the world and particularly in Nigeria. In most part of Africa, cereals supplies about 80% of the energy requirements. Major cereals produced in Nigeria include rice, sorghum, maize, sugar cane and pear millet. They are the mostly grown in the savannah agro ecological zone of the country. Factors militating their level of productivity include climatic factors (rainfall, temperature and solar radiation), edaphic factors, migration, government policies, use of local varieties, predominance of weeds, pest and diseases and the scourge of HIV/AID. Solving Nigeria cereal problems is an indirect and powerful approach to alleviate poverty and improve the standard of living for Nigeria farmers. There is the need to have a systematic collaborative research to find solution to the problems posed. The government should be consistent in its agriculture policies such as provision of credit facilities, ban on importation of cereal crops and subsidizing agricultural inputs.

 

Key words: Nigeria, cereals, production, problems.