African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6688

Full Length Research Paper

Effect of plant density and nitrogen fertilizer on growth, yield and fruit quality of sweet pepper (Capsicum annum L.)

Mohammad Hossein Aminifard*, Hossein Aroiee, Atefe Ameri and Hamide Fatemi
Department of Horticultural Science, College of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Islamic Republic of Iran.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 13 January 2012
  •  Published: 29 February 2012

Abstract

The present research was carried out to evaluate response of sweet pepper (Capsicum annum L.) to plant density and nitrogen fertilizer under field conditions. Plant density at four levels (2050 cm, 3050 cm, 20100 cm and 30100 cm) and nitrogen treatments at four levels (0, 50, 100 and 150 kg N/ha) were applied. Plant height, lateral stem number, leaf chlorophyll content, yield, and vitamin C were assessed at immature and mature stages. The results showed that vegetative growth characteristics (plant height, lateral stem number and leaf dry matter) and reproductive factors (fruit volume, fruit weight and plant yield) decreased with increasing plant density, but total yield (kg/ha) increased with increasing plant density. The highest and lowest total yields were obtained by plant density 20×50 cm and 30×100 cm respectively. Nitrogen fertilizer was significantly affected on plant height, lateral stem number and leaf chlorophyll content. It was observed that fertilization with 50 kg N/ha resulted to the highest fruit volume and plant yield. There were significant differences between fruit volume and fruit weight by interaction between plant density and nitrogen treatments.
 
Key words: Plant density, nitrogen, pepper, yield, fruit quality.