African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6668

Full Length Research Paper

Assessment of aflatoxin awareness in The Gambia

Ebrima A. A. Jallow
  • Ebrima A. A. Jallow
  • National Agricultural Research Institute (NARI), Brikama, The Gambia.
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Lamin B. Sonko
  • Lamin B. Sonko
  • National Agricultural Research Institute (NARI), Brikama, The Gambia.
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Dumevi Rexford Mawunyo
  • Dumevi Rexford Mawunyo
  • Institute of Hygiene, University of Münster, Münster, Germany.
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Jalil Yusufu
  • Jalil Yusufu
  • National Agricultural Research Institute (NARI), Brikama, The Gambia.
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  •  Received: 27 December 2021
  •  Accepted: 17 February 2022
  •  Published: 30 April 2022

Abstract

Aflatoxins belong to a category of mycotoxins that have impacted mankind since the beginning of organized cultivation. This toxin is produced by certain molds in food and feeds and results to adverse health effects to both humans and animals, as well as economic barriers to farmers and countries. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the current level of aflatoxin awareness and knowledge of its contamination, preventive measures, and health implications among the population. Questionnaires were administered to capture data on socio-economic features, perceptions, and knowledge revolving around aflatoxin using a multi-stage sampling technique. Among the sample, respondents aged above 50 years with higher educational status and farmers were more informed about aflatoxin awareness. Among the regions, Central River Region showed the highest level of aflatoxin awareness. Family/friends are the most frequent source of information as compared to traditional media (radio and television), formal workshops and internet. The results suggest a need for an introduction of educative intervention programs and establishing initiatives through avenues that can promote aflatoxin awareness in the country.

Key words: Aflatoxin, awareness, demographic, The Gambia.