African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6638

Full Length Research Paper

Effects of mechanization on energy requirements for apple production in Esfahan province, Iran

Abbas Asakereh1*, Mohammad Javad Shiekhdavoodi2, Morteza Almassi2 and Mooslem Sami2
1Department of Agricultural Machinery Engineering, Faculty of Biosystems Engineering, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran. 2Department of Agricultural Machinery Engineering, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Iran.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 22 April 2010
  •  Published: 18 June 2010

Abstract

The data used in this study to survey energy consumption in apple production were collected from 113 producers, using a face to face questionnaire method in the Esfahan province of Iran. The results showed that the average input energy increased in parallel to the mechanization scale of farms. Information revealed that 44938.57 MJ/ha energy were consumed by the first group (medium mechanized) and 33100.82 MJ/ha by the second group of farms. Fuel is mainly used for land preparation, pruning practices, transportation and chemicals for pest control were the major energy inputs in both types of farms. Output-Input energy ratio, energy productivity and net energy gain were higher on the second group as compared to the first group. The output–input energy ratio, energy productivity and specific energy were 1.02, 0.425 kg/MJ and 2.353 MJ/ha in the first strata and 1.35, 0.563 kg/MJ and 1.775 MJ/ha in the second strata, respectively. In first and second group of farms the nonrenewable form of energy input encompassed 88.45 and 77.93% of the total energy input. With correct adjustment and management of equipments and proper method of operation on the farms might help to increase efficiency of input energy.

 

Key words: Iran, apple, energy, mechanization.