African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6688

Full Length Research Paper

Vermicompost of tannery sludge and sewage as conditioners soil with grown tomato#

Cunha, A. H. N.
  • Cunha, A. H. N.
  • Federal University of Goias, School of Agronomy/UFG - Campus Samambaia - Highway Goiânia/Nova Veneza, Km 0 - CEP 74001-970 – P.O. Box 131 - Brazil.
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Brasil, E. P. F.
  • Brasil, E. P. F.
  • Federal University of Goias, School of Agronomy/UFG - Campus Samambaia - Highway Goiânia/Nova Veneza, Km 0 - CEP 74001-970 – P.O. Box 131 - Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Ferreira, R. B.
  • Ferreira, R. B.
  • State University of Goias, Campus Anapolis of Exact Sciences and Technology Henrique Santillo, Anapolis/Goiás - Brazil.
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Vieira, J. A.
  • Vieira, J. A.
  • State University of Goias, Campus Anapolis of Exact Sciences and Technology Henrique Santillo, Anapolis/Goiás - Brazil.
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Araújo, C. S. T.
  • Araújo, C. S. T.
  • State University of Goias, Campus Anapolis of Exact Sciences and Technology Henrique Santillo, Anapolis/Goiás - Brazil.
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Silva, S. M. C.
  • Silva, S. M. C.
  • State University of Goias, Campus Anapolis of Exact Sciences and Technology Henrique Santillo, Anapolis/Goiás - Brazil.
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  •  Received: 05 August 2016
  •  Accepted: 26 September 2016
  •  Published: 13 October 2016

Abstract

The objective was to evaluate the effect of tannery sludge vermicompost in the chemical properties of soil cultivated with tomato and irrigated with wastewater. The experimental design was completely randomized in a factorial 6 × 2, totaling twelve treatments with three replications. The treatments were: four tannery sludge vermicompost (25% Sludge tannery(LC) + manure - T1, 25% Sludge tannery(LC) + rice husk - T2; 50% Sludge tannery(LC) + manure - T3 and 50% Sludge tannery(LC) + cane gray - T4), conventional fertilization (T5) and control (without fertilization - T6) and two types of irrigation water (domestic sewage and class 2 water). The physico-chemical characteristics and chemical soil and vermicompost (fertilizers) were determined before the culture of the installation vessels and after ninety days of driving the tomato crop. The data were submitted to analysis of variance by F test and comparisons between treatment means were performed by 5% Tukey test. In general, concentrations of chemical parameters in the soil after addition of vermicompost have increased, particularly in the addition of T2 = 25% LC + 75% of rice husk and T4 = 50% LC + 50% cane gray. The treated soil demonstrated pH, CEC, organic matter and saturation enhanced base increased, sodium and potential acidity decreased. Thus it can be concluded that vermicompost used can be added to soil conditioners changing the soil chemical attributes positively.

Key words: vermicomposting, chemical attributes, reuse.