African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6842

Full Length Research Paper

Study personal characteristics of agriculture extension workers in North of Iran

Mohammad Karim Motamed1*, Mohsen Moshkbeed Haghighi2, Abbas Sadeghi3, Hamid Devisti4 and Ebrahim Azarpour5
1Department of Rural development, Guilan University of Iran, Iran. 2Teacher Training Centre, Rasht, Iran. 3Department of Educational Sciences (Counselling), Guilan, University of Iran, Iran. 4Department of Rural development, College of Agricultural Sciences, Guilan University, Islamic Republic of Iran. 5Department of Agriculture, Lahijan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Lahijan, Iran.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 05 April 2012
  •  Published: 12 June 2012


It is quite evident that efficient extension workers play a crucial role in the success of extension programs. This study was conducted in Guilan province, Iran, and the statistical population of which the entire agriculturalist worked at least one year as an agriculturalist in Jihad-Agricultural organization in Guilan. Data collection was done through a questionnaire assessing extensions and Edward personality priority test (EPPS) using Murrey’s (1938) manifest needs questionnaire as the foundation for item making. The top and successful extensions whose assessment scores exceeded the average score of the average population were separated. The results obtained show that the most prominent traits of the extensions working in this province were tolerance, effort, progress, perseverance, and discipline, respectively. All such traits were observable among the successful extensions except the order of which were tolerance, discipline, and perseverance; whereas unsuccessful extensions showed traits like tolerance, discipline, and selfishness (sense of superiority). All three groups had the traits “show off” as their last trait in order according to the questionnaire and their performance. Finally, it can be said that perseverance, discipline, and autonomy were three major traits that distinguished successful extensions from unsuccessful ones.


Key words: Personal characteristics, extension workers, North of Iran.