Soil carbon dioxide flux is a complex process which depends on variations of different factors related to climate and soil. The objective of this study was identifying the abiotic factors that most contributed to this flux during different phonologic stages of the sequence black oat-vetch, cultivated under the no tillage system, in the winter, and find out the most important factors. Soil carbon fluxes were measured every 15 min with a LI-COR “long-term” (stationary) chamber, installed on the no tillage site of the rotation: soybean/black oat/soybean/black oat + vetch/corn/turnip/wheat. The factor that mostly influenced soil carbon fluxes was soil temperature, explaining 57% of the flux variation during the cycles of the crops and 80% from tillering to the begin of the elongation stage of the black oat. The phonologic stages of the black oat in the consortium black oat + vetch that mostly contributed to the carbon soil flux were from the begin of the tillering to the begin of the elongation, and from the elongation to massive grain of the black oat.
Key words: Greenhouse effect, soil temperature, phenologic stages, soil conservations system, Avena strigosa, Vicia sativa.
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