African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6688

Full Length Research Paper

Biological parameters and parasitism capacity of Telenomus remus Nixon (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae) reared on natural and factitious hosts for successive generations

A. Pomari-Fernandes
  • A. Pomari-Fernandes
  • Universidade Federal da Fronteira Sul, Brazil.
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A. F. Bueno
  • A. F. Bueno
  • Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuaria ? Embrapa Soja, Rod. Carlos Joao Strass ? Distrito de Warta Caixa Postal 231 86001-970, Londrina, Parana, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
A. P. Queiroz
  • A. P. Queiroz
  • Instituto Agronomico do Parana (IAPAR), Brazil.
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S. A. De Bortoli
  • S. A. De Bortoli
  • Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) ? Faculdade de Ciencias Agrarias de Jaboticabal, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 10 July 2015
  •  Accepted: 04 August 2015
  •  Published: 13 August 2015

Abstract

Factitious hosts are largely used in parasitoid production. However, changes in parasitism capacity may happen when hosts are switched. Therefore, the ability of a parasitoid species to be reared on factitious host and still keep high level of parasitism on the natural target pest after successive rearing can determine parasitoid quality and must be investigated. Thus, we evaluated Telenomus remus parasitism on Corcyra cephalonica eggs compared with its natural host, Spodoptera frugiperda eggs, for different generations. After being reared on C. cephalonica, T. remus parasitism on S. frugiperda was evaluated to measure different T. remus biological parameters and parasitism capacity (parasitoid quality). Gradual increase in C. cephalonica eggs parasitized was observed over the generations, stabilizing on generation F7. The number of parasitized C. cephalonica eggs was similar among generations (from generation F7 to F19). Taking the lifetime parasitism into consideration, parasitism capacity is similar from T. remus reared on S. frugiperda eggs from those reared on C. cephalonica eggs (generation F19). When laboratory-produced T. remus on C. cephalonica eggs was exposed to the natural host, parasitism was higher on F5 generation and stable from generations F5 to F19. Therefore, parasitoids did not lose their ability to parasitize eggs of natural host assuring good quality of the laboratory-produced parasitoid using C. cephalonica eggs as factitious host.

 

Key words: Spodoptera frugiperda, Corcyra cephalonica, pre-imaginal condition, egg parasitoid, biological control.