Great numbers of masses all over the nation suffer due to an unsustainable source of livelihoods, but the adoption of agroforestry farming system may be recognized as a control factor in addressing this challenge to some extent because of its economic values. In view of this, the study investigated determinants of agro-forestry practices among arable crop farmers in Egbedore Local Government Area of Osun State, Nigeria. Multi-stage random sampling technique was used to select 90 farmers. Primary data were collected with a well-structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistics and a Tobit regression model were employed to analyze the data. The findings showed that the mean age of the farmers was approximately 53 years, 77.8% were male farmers, 70% of them were married and the farmers had a mean household size of 6 members. About 91% of them were full-time farmers and they had 28 years of farming experience on the average. The average farm size cultivated was 1.2 hectares which indicates the small-scale nature of the farming business. The study further showed that the farmers integrated different varieties of arable crops with the tree plants which might be due to a relatively high level of awareness (62.2%) of agroforestry practices in the area. The result of Tobit regression revealed that age of farmer and agroforestry farming experience were significant at 10%, while associational membership and benefit as fodder production were statistically significant at 5%. Adoption of agroforestry technologies is important because of its protection of human ecosystems as well as provision of shrubby-like trees which grow together with some food crops (arable, spices, vegetables et cetera) on the same farm plot. In essence, this practice will improve the productivity of farmlands as well as farm incomes.
Keywords: determinants, decision variable, agro-forestry practices, arable crop farmers, tobit regression.