The current status of sesame insect pests in Ethiopia is reviewed. Sesame webworm, Antigastra catalaunali is the most common insect pest of sesame from seedling to harvest, causing a significant a seed yield loss. The pest life cycle took 24.13-25.99 days to complete. sesame seed bug, Elasmolmus sordidus the most serious pre-and post-harvest pest to sesame which causes a big weight loss during harvesting and threshing. In 44 days, the lifespan is completed. Gall fly, Asphondylia sesame could become a severe insect issue as a result of sesame gall formation. In 23-27 days, the life cycle is completed. In northern Ethiopia, the Indian meal moth, Plodia interpunctella is a critical stored pest that causes considerable weight loss. In total, the life cycle takes 50 days to complete. Reports on minor pests have also been listed. Pest management strategies such as cultural, biological, and botanical methods, pesticide applications, and combining cultural and chemical methods are also discussed. Different insect pests and how they are controlled are examined in the review, which can assist farmers in raising production and productivity, as well as the influence on the national economy. Future research should be focused on the biology, host palnt resistance and develop effective integrated pest management method of economical insect pests.
Keywords: Gall fly, Indian meal moth, Sesame seed bug, Sesame webworm, Yield loss