The objective of this review is to provide an overview of the major achievements of on-farm dairy technologies in Ethiopia by reviewing a variety of documents from proceedings, articles, journals, and original research papers. Following the on-station generation and evaluation of dairy technologies, on-farm participatory verification of improved dairy cattle production packages has started. Since then, there are available livestock production technologies for smallholder farmers mainly generated by the National Agricultural Research Systems including Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Regional Agricultural Research Institutes, Higher Learning Institutes, and some international organizations, such as International Livestock Center for Africa/International Livestock Research Institute. Even though large efforts have been made to disseminate dairy technologies through the support of governmental and non-governmental organizations in different parts of the country, the rate of adoption of dairy technologies by farm households varies widely based on the technologies to be adopted.
Keywords: Dairy; On-farm; Technologies, milk yield, reproductive performance, feed intake, mastitis