African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6712

Full Length Research Paper

Demographic factors and perception in rhizobium inoculant adoption among smallholder soybeans (Glycine max L. Merryl) farmers of South Kivu Province of Democratic Republic of Congo

Ndusha Bintu Nabintu
  • Ndusha Bintu Nabintu
  • Department of Land Resource Management and Agricultural Technology, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Onwonga Richard Ndemo
  • Onwonga Richard Ndemo
  • Department of Land Resource Management and Agricultural Technology, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Nabahungu Leon Sharwasi
  • Nabahungu Leon Sharwasi
  • International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), P. O. Box 30772-00100, DRC, Congo.
  • Google Scholar
Mushagalusa Nachigera Gustave
  • Mushagalusa Nachigera Gustave
  • Université Evangélique en Afrique, P. O. Box 3323, Bukavu DRC, Congo.
  • Google Scholar
Kazamwali Muzee
  • Kazamwali Muzee
  • Université Evangélique en Afrique, P. O. Box 3323, Bukavu DRC, Congo.
  • Google Scholar
Keya Shellemia Okoth
  • Keya Shellemia Okoth
  • Department of Land Resource Management and Agricultural Technology, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 18 June 2020
  •  Accepted: 08 September 2020
  •  Published: 30 November 2020

References

Abaidoo RC, Keyser HH, Singleton PW, Dashiell KE, Sanginga, N (2007). Population size, distribution, and symbiotic characteristics of indigenous Bradyrhizobium spp. that nodulate TGx soybean genotypes in Africa. Applied Soil Ecology 35:57-67.
Crossref

 

Ampadu-Boakye T, Stadler M, Kanampiu F (2017). N2Africa Annual Report 2016, www.N2Africa.org 89 p.

 

Bagheri A (2010). Potato farmers'perceptions of sustainable agriculture:
Crossref

 

case of Ardabil province of Iran. Procedia Social and Behavioral Science 5:1977-1981.

 

Bahwere P, Balaluka B, Wells JCK, Mbiribindi CN, Sadler K, Akomo P, Dramaix-Wilmet M, Collins S (2016). Cereals and pulse-based ready-to-use therapeutic food as an alternative to the standard milk- and peanut paste-based formulation for treating severe acute malnutrition: a noninferiority, individually randomized controlled efficacy clinical trial. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 103:1145-1161.
Crossref

 

Bala A (2008). Recent advances in soybean inoculum research and applications: Towards enhancing productivity in smallholder agriculture. Paper presented at an International Workshop on Rhizobium inoculation, held at impala hotel, Arusha, Tanzania, 17-21 March 2008.

 

Bangsund DA, Leistritz FL, Leitch JA (1999). Assessing economic impacts of biological control of weeds: the case of leafy spurge in the northern Great Plains of the United States. Journal of Environmental Management 56:35-43
Crossref

 

Bashagaluke J, Nshobole N, Fataki D, Mochoge B, Mugwe J, Walangululu J (2015). Application of infrared technique in soil properties characterization in South Kivu province of DR Congo. African Journal of Food and Technology 6:58-67.

 

Bisimwa G, Owino VO, Bahwere P, Dramaix M, Donnen P, Dibari F, Collins S (2012). Randomized controlled trial of the effectiveness of a soybean-maize-sorghum-based ready-to-use complementary food paste on infant growth in South Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 95:1157-1164.
Crossref

 

Briz T, Ward RW (2009). Consumer awareness of organic products in Spain: An application of multinominal logit models. Food Policy 34:295-304.
Crossref

 

Cakmakyapan S, Goktas A (2013). A comparison of binary logit and probit models with a simulation study. Journal of Social and Economic Statistics 2(1):1-17.

 

Cassman KG, Munns DN, Beck DP (1981). Phosphorus nutrition of Rhizobium japinicum: strain differences in storage and utilization. Soil Science Society of America Journal 45:517-523.
Crossref

 

Chianu JN, Nkonya EM, Mairura FS, Chainu JN, Akinnifesi FK (2011). Biological nitrogen fixation and socioeconomic factors for legume production in sub-Saharan Africa: a review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 31:139-154.
Crossref

 

Collino DJ, Salvagiotti F, Perticari A, Piccinetti C, Ovando G, Urquiaga S, Racca RW (2015). Biological nitrogen fixation in soybean in Argentina: relationships with crop, soil, and meteorological factors. Plant Soil 392:239-252.
Crossref

 

Dakora FD, Keya SO (1997). Contribution of legume nitrogen fixation to sustainable agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 29:809-817.
Crossref

 

De Jager I, Borgonjen-van den Berg KJ, Giller KE, Brouwer ID (2019). Current and potential role of grain legumes on protein and micronutrient adequacy of the diet of rural Ghanaian infants and young children. Nutrition Journal 18:12.
Crossref

 

Delgado MJ, Ligero F, Lluch C (1994). Effect of salt stress on growth and nitrogen fixation by pea, faba bean, common bean and soybean plants. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 26:371-376.
Crossref

 

De vries JD, Bennett JM, Albrecht SL, Boote KJ (1989). Water relations, nitrogenase activity and root development of three grain legumes in response soil water deficit. Field Crops Research 21:215-226.
Crossref

 

DSRP (2011). Document de Stratégie de Réduction de la Pauvreté. Province du Sud- Kivu. République Démocratique du Congo, Ministère du Plan, Unité de Pilotage de Processus du DSRP. Kinshasa 96 p.

 

Duressa D (2015). Does adoption of Quncho teff increases farmers' crop income? Evidence from smallholder farmers in Wayu Tuqa district, Oromia regional State, Ethiopia. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development 6(17).

 

Fagerland MW, Hosmer DW (2012). A generalized Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test for multinomial logistic regression models. The Stata Journal 12(3):447-453.
Crossref

 

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (2018). FAOSTAT. Rome, 

 

Farrow A, Ronner E, Van Den Brand GJ, Boahen SK, Leonardo W, Wolde-Meskel E, Adjei-Nsiah S, Chikowo R, Baijukya F, Ebanyat P, Sangodele EA, Sanginga JM, Kantengwa S, Phiphira L, Woomer P, Ampadu-Boakye T, Baars E, Kanampiu F, Vanlauwe B, Giller KE (2016). From best fit technologies to best fit scaling: incorporating and evaluating factors affecting the adoption of grain legumes in Sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of Experimental Agriculture 55:226-251. 
Crossref

 

Getachew D (2016). Analysis of preference for adoption of legume technology packages: the case of chick pea and commonbean producing smallholder farmers in boricha and damot gale district, southern region. Msc Thesis Haramaya University P 109.

 

Giller KE (2001). Nitrogen Fixation in Tropical Cropping Systems, Wallingford: CABI Publishing.
Crossref

 

Giller KE, Murwira MS, Dhliwayo DKC, Mafongoya PL, Mpepereki S (2011). Soyabeans and sustainable agriculture in southern Africa. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability 9:50-58.
Crossref

 

Hartman GL, West ED, Herman TK (2011). Crops that feed the World 2. Soybean-worldwide production, use, and constraints caused by pathogens and pests. Food Security 3:5-17.
Crossref

 

Horrace WC, Oaxaca RL (2006). Results on the bias and inconsistency of ordinary least squares for the linear probability model. Economics Letters 90(3):321-327.
Crossref

 

Huang YL, Lu L, Li SF, Luo XG, Liu B (2014). Relative bioavailability of organic zinc sources with different chelation strengths for broilers fed a conventional corn-soybean meal diet. Journal of Animal Science 89:2038-2046.
Crossref

 

Hungria M, Franchini JC, Campo RJ, Graham PH (2005). The Importance of Nitrogen Fixation to Soybean Cropping in South America, in: Werner, D., Newton, W.E. (Eds.), Nitrogen Fixation in Agriculture, Forestry, Ecology, and the Environment. Springer-Verlag, Berlin/Heidelberg pp. 25-42.
Crossref

 

Karanja NK, Mwala AK, Kahindi JP, Woomer PL (1998). The East African Rhizobium MIRCEN: a review of the progress in research, training, and information dissemination. In: Dakora, F. D. (Ed.). Biological Nitrogen Fixation in Africa: Linking Process to Progress. African Association for Biological Nitrogen Fixation. Cape Town, South Africa pp. 101-102.

 

Katungi E, Akankwasa K (2010). Innovation Systems: Tracking Adoption Community-Based Organizations and Their Effect on the Adoption of Agricultural Technologies in Uganda: A Study of Banana (Musa spp.) Pest Management Technology. Acta Horticulturae 879:719.
Crossref

 

Khojely DM, Ibrahim SE, Sapey E, Han T (2018). History, current status, and prospects of soybean production and research in sub-Saharan Africa. Crop Journal 6:226-235.
Crossref

 

Kipkoech AK, Okiror MA, Okalebo JR, Martin HK (2007). Production efficiency and economic potential of different soil fertility management strategies among groundnut farmers of Kenya. The Scientific World Journal 2:15-21.
Crossref

 

Kismul H, Hatløy A, Andersen P, Mapatano M, Van den Broeck J, Moland KM (2015). The social context of severe child malnutrition: a qualitative household case study from a rural area of the Democratic Republic of Congo. International Journal for Equity in Health 14:47.
Crossref

 

Lambrecht I, Vanlauwe B, Maertens M (2016). Integrated soil fertility management: from concept to practice in Eastern DR Congo. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability 14:100-118.
Crossref

 

Lecoutere E, Vlassenroot K, Raeymaekers T (2009). Conflict, institutional changes and food insecurity in eastern DR Congo. Journal of African Focus 22(2):41-63.

 

Li Q (2013). A novel Likert scale based on fuzzy sets of theory. Expert Systems With Applications 40:1609-1618.
Crossref

 

Maass BL, Katunga Musale D, Chiuri WL, Gassner A, Peters M (2012). Challenges and opportunities for smallholder livestock production in post-conflict South Kivu, eastern DR Congo. Tropical Animal Health and Production 44:1221-1232.
Crossref

 

Mariano MJ, Villano R, Fleming E (2012). Factors influencing farmers' adoption of modern rice technologies and good management practices in the Philippines. Agricultural Systems 110:41-53.
Crossref

 

Marufu I, Karanja N, Ryder M (1995). Legume inoculant production and use in East and Southern Africa. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 27:735-738.
Crossref

 

Mercer DE (2004). Adoption of agroforestry innovations in the tropics: A review. Agroforestry Systems 61(1-3), 311-328.
Crossref

 

Michiels J, Verreth C, Vanderleyden J (1994). Effect of temperature stress on bean nodualating rhizobia strains. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 60:1206-1212.
Crossref

 

Mignouna B, Manyong, M, Rusike J, Mutabazi S, Senkondo M (2011). Determinants of Adopting Imazapyr-Resistant Maize Technologies and its Impact on Household Income in Western Kenya: AgBioforum 14(3):158-163.

 

Miransari M, Riahi H, Eftekhar F, Minaie A, Smith DL (2013). Improving soybean (Glycine max L.) N2 fixation under stress. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation 32:909-921.
Crossref

 

Mpepereki S, Javaheri F, Davis P, Giller KE (2000). Soyabeans and Sustainable Agriculture: 'Promiscuous' Soyabeans in Southern Africa. Field Crops Research pp. 137-149.
Crossref

 

Murithi HM, Beed F, Tukamuhabwa P, Thomma BPHJ, Joosten MHAJ (2016). Soybean production in Eastern and Southern Africa and threat of yield loss due to soybean rust caused by Phakopsora pachyrhizi. Plant Pathology 65:176-188.
Crossref

 

Murongo MF, Ayuke OF, Mwine TJ, Wangai KJ (2018). Farmer-based dynamics in tissue culture banana technology adoption: a socio-economic perspective among small holder farmers in Uganda. African Journal of Agricultural Research 13:2836-2854.
Crossref

 

Mutuma SP, Okello JJ, Karanja NK, Woomer PL (2014). Smallholder farmers' use and profitability of legume inoculants in western kenya. African Crop Science Journal 22:205-213.

 

Namara E, Weligamage P, Barker R (2013). Prospects for adopting system of rice intensification in Sri Lanka: A socioeconomic assessment. Research Report 75.Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute.

 

Nash DJ, Endfield GH (2002). A 19th century climate chronology for the Kalahari region of central southern Africa derived from missionary correspondence. International Journal of Climatology 22:821-841.
Crossref

 

Negatu W, Parikh A (1999). The impact of perception and other factors on the adoption of agricultural technology in the Moret and Jiru Woreda (district) of Ethiopia. Agricultural Economics 21:205-216.
Crossref

 

Nekesah T (2017). Analysis of the use of inoculant-based technologies by smallholder farmers and its effect on output commercialization: case of field bean farmers in Western Kenya. University of Nairobi.

 

Odame H (1997). Biofertilizer in Kenya: Research, production and extension dilemmas. Biotechnology and Development Monitor 30:20-23.

 

Ojiako IA, Manyong VM, Ikpi AE. (2007). Determinants of rural farmers'improved soybean adoption decisions in Nothern Nigeria. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment 5(2):215-223.

 

Owino OV, Bahwere P, Bisimwa G, Mwangi CM, Collins S (2011). Breast-milk intake of 9-10-mo-old rural infants given a ready-to-use complementary food in South Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo. American Journal of Clinic Nutrition 93:1300-1304.
Crossref

 

Potapov PV, Turubanova SA, Hansen MC, Adusei B, Broich M, Altstatt A, Mane L, Justice CO (2012). Quantifying forest cover loss in Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2000-2010, with Landsat ETM+ data. Remote Sensing of Environment 122:106-116.
Crossref

 

Preston CC, Colman AM (2000). Optimal number of response categories in rating scales: reliability, validity, discriminating power, and respondent preference. Acta Psychologica 104:1-15.
Crossref

 

Pypers P, Sanginga JM, Kasereka B, Walangululu M, Vanlauwe B (2011). Increased productivity through integrated soil fertility management in cassava-legume intercropping systems in the highlands of Sud-Kivu, DR Congo. Field Crops Research 120:76-85.
Crossref

 

Rossi L, Hoerz T, Thouvenol V, Pastore G, Michael M (2005). Evaluation of health, nutrition and food security programmes in a complex emergency: case of Congo as an example of a chronic post-conflict situation. Public Health Nutrition 9(5):551-556.
Crossref

 

Ryan JG, Spencer DC (2001). Future challenges and opportunities for Agricultural Development R&D in the Semi-arid tropics, ICRISAT, Andhra Pradesh, India 79 p.

 

Salvagiotti F, Cassman KG, Specht JE, Walters DT, Weiss A, Dobermann A (2008). Nitrogen uptake, fixation and response to fertilizer N in soybeans: A review. Field Crops Research 108:1-13.
Crossref

 

Sanginga N (2003). Role of biological nitrogen fixation in legume based croppingsystems; a case study of West Africa farming systems. Plant Soil 252:25-39.
Crossref

 

Sanginga N, Woomer PL (2009). Integrated soil fertility management in Africa: principles, practices and developmental process. Tropical Soil Biology and Fertility Institute of the International Centre for Tropical Agriculture, Nairobi P. 263.

 

Sattler C, Nagel UJ (2010). Factors affecting farmers' acceptance of conservation measures-A case study from north-eastern Germany. Land Use Policy 8 p.
Crossref

 

Serraj R, Sinclair TS, Purcell LC (1999). Symbiotic N2 fixation response to drought. Journal of Experimental Botany 50(331):143-155.
Crossref

 

Sidibé A (2005). Farm-level adoption of soil and water conservation techniques in northern Burkina Faso. Agricultural Water Management 71:211-224.
Crossref

 

Sinclair TR, Muchow RC, Bennett JM, Hammond LC (1987). Plant Relative sensitivity of nitrogen and biomass accumulation. Agronomy Journal 79:986-991.
Crossref

 

ŠÅ«mane S, Kunda I, Knickel K, Strauss A, Tisenkopfs T, Rios I, des I, Rivera M, Chebach T, Ashkenazy A (2018). Local and farmers' knowledge matters! How integrating informal and formal knowledge enhances sustainable and resilient agriculture. Journal of Rural Studies 59:232-241.
Crossref

 

Tefera H (2011). Breeding for Promiscuous Soybeans at IITA, in: Sudari, A. (Ed.), Soybean - Molecular Aspects of Breeding. InTech.
Crossref

 

Thilakarathna MS, Chapagain T, Ghimire B, Pudasaini R, Tamang BB, Gurung K, Choi K, Rai L, Magar S, Bishnu BK, Gaire S, Raizada NM (2019). Evaluting the effectiveness of rhizobium inoculants and micronutrients astechnologies for Nepalese common bean smallholder farmers in the real-world context of highly variable hillside environments and indigenousfarming practices. MDPI Agriculture 9(20):17.
Crossref

 

Ulzen J, Abaidoo RC, Mensah NE, Masso C, AbdelGadir AH (2016). Bradyrhizobium Inoculants Enhance Grain Yields of Soybean and Cowpea in Northern Ghana. Frontiers in Plant Science P. 7.
Crossref

 

van Engelen V, Verdoodt A, Dijkshoorn K, Ranst EV (2006). Soil and Terrain Database of Central Africa - DR of Congo, Burundi and Rwanda (SOTERCAF, version 1.0). ISRIC FAO, Report 2006/07 2006/07, 28.

 

van Heerwaarden J, Baijukya F, Kyei-Boahen S, Adjei-Nsiah S, Ebanyat P, Kamai N, Wolde-meskel E, Kanampiu F, Vanlauwe B, Giller K (2018). Soyabean response to rhizobium inoculation across sub-Saharan Africa: Patterns of variation and the role of promiscuity. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 261:211-218.
Crossref

 

Wafulah TN (2013). Supporting the soybean industry by provision of quality and affordable inputs. World Soybean Research Conference 13. Durban, South Africa.

 

Waswa NM, Karanja NK, Woomer PL, Mwenda G (2014). Identifying elite rhizobia for soybean (Glycine max) in Kenya. African Journal of Crop Science 2:60-66.

 

Woodridge JM (2002). Econometric analysis of cross sectional data and panel data. Cambridge and London: MIT press.

 

Woomer PL, Karanja NK, Mekki EI, Mwakalombe B, Tembo H, Nyika M, Silver M, Nkwine C, Ndakidemi P, Msumali G (1997). Indigenous populations of Rhizobia, legume response to inoculation and farmer awareness of inoculants in East and Southern Africa. Africa Crop Science Conference Proceedings 3:297-308.

 

Yuan L, Chang J, Yin Q, Lu M, Di Y, Wang P, Wang Z, Wang E, Lu F (2016). Fermented soybean meal improves the growth performance, nutrient digestibility, and microbial flora in piglets. Animal Nutrition 2017 

 

Zamasiya B, Mango N, Nyikahadzoi K, Siziba S (2014). Determinants of soybean market participation by smallholder farmers in Zimbabwe. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics 6(2):49-58.