African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6842

Full Length Research Paper

Response of soil-surface dwelling invertebrates to alien invasive and indigenous plant cover in a sub-tropical Nature Reserve, Eastern Cape, South Africa

Augustine S. Niba
  • Augustine S. Niba
  • Department of Biological Sciences and Environmental Sciences, Walter Sisulu University, Private Bag X1 Nelson Mandela Drive Mthatha 5117, South Africa.
  • Google Scholar
Philip S. Mafereka
  • Philip S. Mafereka
  • Department of Biological Sciences and Environmental Sciences, Walter Sisulu University, Private Bag X1 Nelson Mandela Drive Mthatha 5117, South Africa.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 06 January 2015
  •  Accepted: 17 February 2015
  •  Published: 26 February 2015


Acocks JPH (1988). Veld types of South Africa. Memoirs of the Botanical Survey of South Africa 57:1-146.
Blanchard R, Holmes PM (2008). Riparian vegetation recovery after invasive alien tree clearance in the Fynbos Biome. South Afr. J. Bot. 74:421-431.
Bray JR, Curtis JT (1957). An ordination of the upland forest communities of Southern Wisconsin. Ecol. Monogr. 27:325-349.
Carruthers V (2008). The wild life of Southern Africa. The larger illustrated guide to the animals and plants of the region. Struik Publishers, Cape Town.
Clarke KR, Gorley RN (2006). PRIMER V6:User Manual/Tutorial. PRIMER-E Ltd, Plymouth, U.K.
Clarke KR, Warwick RN (2001). Change in Marine Communities: An Approach to statistical Analysis and Interpretation, 2nd ed. Plymouth Marine Laboratory, UK: PRIMER-E LTD.
Desender K, Maelfait JP, Baert L (1991). Carabid beetles as ecological indicators in dune management (Coleoptera: Carabidae). El. Supplement 5:239-47.
Dippenaar-Schoeman AS, Craemer C (2000). The South African national Survey of Arachnida (SANSA). Plant Protect. News 56:11-12.
Dippenaar-Schoeman AS, Jocque R (1997). African spiders: an identification manual. Plant Protection Research Institute. Agricultural Research Council (ARC). Pretoria. Handbook 9.
DWAF (2005). A woodland strategy framework for the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry (DWAF), Pretoria.
Foxcroft LC, Jarosik V, Pysek P, Richardson DM, Rouget M (2011) Protected area boundaries as filters of plant invasions. Conserv. Biol. 25:400-405.
Gerber E, Krebs C, Murrell C, Moretti M, Rocklin R, Schaffner U (2008). Exotic invasive knotweeds (Fallopia spp.) negatively affect native plant and Invertebrate assemblages in European riparian habitats. Biol. Conserv. 141:646-654.
Gorgens AHM, Van Wilgen BW (2004). Invasive alien plants and water resources in South Africa: current understanding and predictive ability and research challenges. South Afr. J. Sci. 100:27-33.
Harris RJ, Toft RJ, Dugdale JS, William PA, Rees JS (2004).Insect assemblage in a native (Kunzeaericoides) and an invasive (Ulexeuropaeus) shrub land.New Zealand J. Ecol. 28:35-47.
Hartley MK, Rogers WE (2010). Comparison of arthropod assemblages on an invasive and native trees: abundance, diversity and damage. Arthropod-Plant Interact. 4:237-245.
Koch SO, Chown SL, Davis AIV, Endrody Y,van Jaarsveld AS (2001). Conservation strategies for poorly surveyed taxa: a dung beetle (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae) case study from Southern Africa. J. Insect Conserv. 4:45-56.
Lambshead PJD, Platt HM, Shaw KM (1983). The detection of differences among assemblages of marine benthic species based on an assessment of dominance and diversity. J. Nat. Hist. 17:859-874.
Lovell SJ, Hamer ML, Slotow RH, Herbert D (2010). Assessment of sampling approaches for multi-taxa invertebrate survey in a South African savanna-mosaicecosystem. Austral Ecol. 35:357-370.
Ludwig JA, Reynolds JF (1988). Statistical ecology: a primer on methods and computing. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
Macdonald IAW, Reaser JK, Bright C, Neville LE, Howard GW, Murphy SJ, Preston G (2003). Invasive alien species in Southern Africa. Global Invasive Species Programme. National Reports and Directory of Resources, Cape Town.
Magoba RN, Samways M (2008). Restoration Ecology: Restoration of Aquatic Macro invertebrate Assemblages through Large-scale Removal of Riparian Invasive Alien Trees. J. Insect Conserv. 14(6):627-636.
Masubelele ML, Foxcroft LC, Milton SJ (2009). Alien plant species list and distribution for Camedeboo National Park, Eastern Cape, South Africa. Koedoe 51:515-525.
Mgobozi MP, Somers, MJ, Dippenaar-Schoeman AS (2008). Spider responses to alien plant invasions: the effect of short- & long-term Chromolaenaodorata invasion and management. J. Appl. Ecol. 45:1189-1197.
Moll EJ (1981). Palgraves trees of Southern Africa. Struik Publications. Cape Town.
Muelelwa MI, Foord SH, Dippenaar-Schoeman AS, Stam EM (2010). Towards a standardized and optimized protocol for rapid assessments; spider species richness and assemblage composition in two savanna vegetation types. Afr. Zool. 45:273-290.
Nel JL, Richardson DM, Rouget M, Mgidi TN, Mdzeke N, Le Maitre DC, van Wilgen BW, Schonegevel L, Henderson L, Neser S (2004). A proposed classification of invasive alien plant species in South Africa: towards prioritizing species and areas for management action. S. Afr. J. Sci. 100:53-64.
Olckers t, hulley pe (1991). Impoverished insect herbivore faunas on the exotic bugweed Solanum mauritanium Scop. Relative to indigenous solanum species in Natal/KwaZulu and the Transkei. J. Entomol. Soc. S. Afr. 54:39-50.
Palgraves KC (2002). Trees of Southern Africa Random House, Struik Publications.
Palmer M, Linde M, Pons GX (2004). Correlational patterns between invertebrates composition and the presence of an invasive plant. ActaOecologica 26:219-226.
Parr CL, Chown SL (2001). Inventory and bioindicator sampling: Testing pitfall and Winkler methods with ants in a South African savanna. J. Insect Conserv. 5:27-36.
Pauchard A, Alback PB (2004). Influence of elevation, land use, and landscape context on patterns of alien plant invasions along roadsides in protected areas of South-Central Chile. Conserv. Biol. 18:238-248.
Picker M, Griffiths C, Weaving A (2004). Field guide to insects of South Africa. Struik Publishers.
Pimentel D, Zuniga R, Morrison D (2005). Update on the environmental economic costs associated with alien-invasive species. Ecol. Econ. 53:273-288.
Richardson DM, van Wilgen BW (2004). Invasive alien plants in South Africa: how well do we understand the ecological impacts? South Afr. J. Sci. 100:45-52.
Samways MJ, Caldwell PM, Osborne R (1996). Ground-living invertebrates assemblages in native, planted and invasive vegetation in South Africa. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 59:19-32.
Smith N, Wilson SL (2002). Changing land use trends in the Thicket Biome: Pastoralism to game farming, terrestrial Ecosystems Research Unit (TERU). Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University (NMMU), South Africa. Report No. 38.
Southwood tre, henderson pa (2000). Ecological methods. 3rd Edition Blackwell Science.
Stork NE (1990). The role of ground beetles in ecological and environmental studies. Andover, UK: Intercept.
Tallamy DW (2004). Do alien plants reduce insect biomass? Conserv. Biol. 18:1689-1692.
Turpie JK (2004). The role of resource economics in the control of invasive alien plants in South Africa. South Afr. J. Sci. 100:87-93.
Usio N, Kamiyama R, Saji A, Takamura N (2009). Size-dependent impacts of invasive alien crayfish on a littoral marsh community. Biol. Conserv. 142:1480-1490.