African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6863

Full Length Research Paper

Yield responses of bush bean varieties to different planting densities and rates of phosphorous fertilizer

Deodatus Stanley Kiriba
  • Deodatus Stanley Kiriba
  • 1Department of Natural Resources Management (NRM), Tanzania Agricultural Research Institute (TARI)-Selian Centre, P. O. Box 6024, Arusha, Tanzania.
  • Google Scholar
John Wilfred Msaky
  • John Wilfred Msaky
  • Department of Crops- Bean Section, Tanzania Agricultural Research Institute (TARI)-Selian Centre, P. O. Box 6024, Arusha, Tanzania.
  • Google Scholar
Nestory Shida Mahenge
  • Nestory Shida Mahenge
  • Department of Crops- Bean Section, Tanzania Agricultural Research Institute (TARI)-Selian Centre, P. O. Box 6024, Arusha, Tanzania.
  • Google Scholar
Samwel Paul
  • Samwel Paul
  • Department of Crops- Bean Section, Tanzania Agricultural Research Institute (TARI)-Selian Centre, P. O. Box 6024, Arusha, Tanzania.
  • Google Scholar
Godfrey Adolph Kessy
  • Godfrey Adolph Kessy
  • Department of Crops- Bean Section, Tanzania Agricultural Research Institute (TARI)-Selian Centre, P. O. Box 6024, Arusha, Tanzania.
  • Google Scholar
Edith Kadeghe
  • Edith Kadeghe
  • Department of Crops- Bean Section, Tanzania Agricultural Research Institute (TARI)-Selian Centre, P. O. Box 6024, Arusha, Tanzania.
  • Google Scholar
Papias Hongera Binagwa
  • Papias Hongera Binagwa
  • Integrative Biosciences PhD Program, Tuskegee University, 1200 West Montgomery Rd, Tuskegee Institute, AL 36088, USA.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 02 April 2019
  •  Accepted: 17 May 2019
  •  Published: 31 January 2020


Abdel LYI (2008). Effect of seed size and plant spacing on yield and yield components of Faba bean (Vicia faba L.). Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences 4:146-148.


Allen DJ, Dessert MJ, Trutman P, Voss J (1989). Common beans in Africa and their constraints. In: H.F. Schwartz and M. A. Pastor Corrales {Eds.}. Bean Production Problems in the Tropics. CIAT, Cali, Colombia pp. 9-31.


Allen DJ, Edje OT (1990). Common bean in African farming systems. In: J.B. Smithson {Ed} Assimo, P and Erriksson A (1994): Soil conservation in Arusha Region. Manual for Extension Workers with Emphasis on Small scale Farmers


Ball RA, Purcell LC, Vories ED (2000). Optimizing soybean plant population for a short-season production system in the southern USA. Crop Science 40(3):757-764.


Binagwa PH, William M, Mbiu JP, Zakayo E, Nestory SM, Kisamo A, Ndimbo M, Rubyogo JC (2018). Integrating Conventional and Participatory Breeding Approaches in Assessment of Common Bean Varieties for Farmer Preferred Traits. Journal of Agricultural Sciences 11:5.


Brady N, Weil R (2002). The Nature and Properties of Soils, 13th Edition. Prentice Hall. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 960 p.


Breman H (1990). No Sustainability without external inputs. Contribution the Mastricht Conference on Sub-Sahara Africa 'Beyond Adjustment' pp. 124-134.


Chekanai V, Chikowoa BR, Vanlauwec B (2018). Response of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) to nitrogen, phosphorus and rhizobia inoculation across variable soils in Zimbabwe. Journal homepage: 


Drechsel P, Heffer P, Magen H, Mikkelsen R, Wichelns D (2015) Managing Water and Fertilizer for Sustainable Agricultural Intensification. International Fertilizer Industry Association (IFA), International Water Management Institute (IWMI), International Plant Nutrition Institute (IPNI), and International Potash Institute (IPI).


Eftekhar K, Rahim N, Zohreh K, Tahereh E (2012). Variability of Grain Yield and Yield Components of White Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Cultivars as Affected by Different Plant Density in Western Iran. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences 12(1):17-22.


Fageria NK, Santos AB (2008). Yield physiology of dry bean. Journal of Plant Nutrition 31:983-1004.


Fageria NK, Baligar VC, Moreira A, Portes TA (2010). Dry bean genotypes evaluation for growth, yield components and phosphorus use efficiency. Journal of Plant Nutrition 33:2167-2181.


Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (2004). Methodologies for assessing soil nutrient balances. Sub-Saharan Africa soil nutrient-balance study. 1983-2000.


Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (2013). FAOSTAT database, 



Getachew A, Asnake F, Ayalew T (2006). Cropping systems, soil fertility, and crop management research on cool season food legumes in the central highlands of Ethiopia: A review. pp. 155-168. In: Food and Forage Legumes of Ethiopia: Progress and Prospects. ICARDA, Aleppo, Syria.


Grisley W (1990). An overview of bean production in Sub-Saharan Africa. In: J .B. Smithson {Ed}. Workshop Proceedings, Bean Research 5:9-19.


Hamidi A, Khodabandeh N, Dabbagh M (2010). Plant density and nitrogen effects on some traits of maize (Zea mays L.). Plant Ecophysiology 2:47-52.


Hang AN, Clary DCMC, Gilliland GC, Lumpkin TA (1993). Plant configuration and Population effect on yield of adzuki bean in Washington. State. New crops pp. 588-590 In: Janik and J.E Simon, (eds.) crops. Wiley New York.


Hillocks RJ, Madata CS, Chirwa R, Minja EM, Msolla S (2006). Phaseolus bean improvement in Tanzania, 1959-2005. Euphytica 150(1-2):215-231.


Hussain A (1983). Isolation and identification of effective root nodule bacteria for important grain legumes of Pakistan. Project Report. Department of Science Soil, University of Agriculture Faisalabad P 73.


Kalyebara MR, Andima D, Roger K, Robin B (2008). Improved Bean Varieties and Cultivation Practices in Eastern-Central Africa: Economic and Social Benefits. Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical-CIAT. Cali, Colombia.


Kanyeka E, Kamala R, Kasuga R (2007). Improved agricultural technologies recommended in Tanzania. 1st edition. Published by the department of research and training, Ministry of Agriculture food security and cooperatives, Dar es salaam, Tanzania.


Katungi E, Farrow A, Chianu J, Sperling L, Beebe S (2009). Common. bean in Eastern and Southern Africa: a situation and outlook analysis. International Centre for Tropical Agriculture.


Landon JR (1991). Booker tropical soil manual: A Handbook for Soil Survey and Agricultural Land Evaluation in the Tropics and Subtropics. Longman Scientific and Technical, Essex, New York. 474 p.


Lopez FB, Johansen C, Chauhan JS (1990). Effect of Timing of Drought Stress on phenology, Yield and Yield Components of a Short Duration Pigeon Pea. Journal of Agronomical Science 177:311-320.


Magelanga AA (2013). Effects of phosphorus levels on yield and yield components of drought resistant bean lines in southern highlands of Tanzania. Dissertation Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania.


Moniruzzaman M, Halim GM, Firoz ZA (2009). Performance of French bean as influenced by plant density and nitrogen application. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research 34(1):105-111.


Mulatu G, Ejigu E, Zinash M (2017). Effects of phosphorous application and plant density on yield and yield components of haricot bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) at Yabello Southern Ethiopia. International Journal of Scientific Engineering and Applied Science 3(3):207-219.


Musimu JJ (2018). Economics of Small holder Common Beans Production in Mbeya, Tanzania. Dissertation- Sokoine University of Agriculture.


Nkaa FA, Nwokeocha OW, Ihuoma O (2014). Effect of Phosphorus fertilizer on growth and yield of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata). Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences 9(5):74-82.


Pawar SU, Kharwade ML, Awari HW (2007). Effect of Plant Density on Vegetative Growth and Yield Performance of Different Varieties of French bean under Irrigated Condition. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences 20(3):684-685.


Petry N, Boy E, Wirth JP, Hurel RF (2015). Review: The Potential of the Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) as a Vehicle for Iron Bio-fortification. US National library of medicine - National Institute of Health.


Rugambisa J (1990). Marketing of beans in Sub- Saharan Africa and impact of market on new cultivars. In: Smithson, J.B. Progress in improvement of common bean in Eastern and Southern Africa. Proceedings of the Ninth SUA/CRSP and Second SADCC/CIAT Bean Research Workshop, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania, 17-22 September, 19 1990. CIAT Africa Workshop Series No. 12.


Saimon KV, Mshenga P, Birachi EA (2016). Factors Influencing on-Farm Common Bean Profitability: The Case of Smallholder Bean Farmers in Babati District, Tanzania. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development 7:22.


Stoorvogel JJ, Smaling EMA, Jansen BH (1993). Calculating soil nutrient balances in Africa at different scales. I. Supra-national scale. Fertilizers Research 35:227-235.


Xavery P, Ngulu F, Kasambala S, Muthoni R (2006). Factors affecting the uptake of bean based technologies in northern Tanzania. Unpublished report.