African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6786

Table of Content: 14 November; 8(44)

November 2013

Combined effect of tillage system, supplemental irrigation and genotype on bread wheat yield and water use in the dry Mediterranean region

Approaches that can help reduce future water shortages and increase food production in the Mediterranean region include the capture of more rainwater and better use of scarce irrigation water. The objective of this study is to evaluate the additive effect of combining zero tillage, supplemental irrigation and adapted varieties of bread wheat on yield and water use. For this purpose, a trial was conducted at the...

Author(s): Mohammed Karrou

November 2013

Evaluation of Parthenium hysterophorus L. powder against Callosobruchus chinensis L. (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) on chickpea under laboratory conditions

The present study was undertaken to investigate the insecticidal properties of different part of Parthenium hysterophorus extract powder against Callosobruchus chinensis in the laboratory under ambient condition. Parthenium part’s powders applied to chickpea seeds were toxic to C. chinensis and caused significant (P<0.05) mortality 24 h after treatment application except stem powder at 0.5 and 1.0 g. The...

Author(s): Tesfu F. and Emana G.

November 2013

Selection strategy for seed yield and maturity in field pea (Pisum sativum L. arvense)

The experimental material consisting of 19 genotypes of field pea were grown during Rabi 2009-2010 to study genetic variation, character association and direct effects of component characters on yield and maturity. Analysis of variance was highly significant for all the characters studied, indicating ample scope of selection. High magnitude of genotypic coefficient of variation (GCV) and phenotypic coefficient of...

Author(s): Brijendra Kumar, Adesh Kumar, Ashutosh Kumar Singh and G. Roopa Lavanya

November 2013

Effect of transgenic and non-transgenic cotton cultivars on the development and survival of Pseudoplusia includens (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

The aim of this work is to evaluate the main biological aspects of P. includens fed on four cotton cultivar leaves and to study the effect of the transgenic cultivar NuOPAL (Bollgard I®) which express the protein Cry1Ac on the survival and development of the insect, Pseudoplusia includens. Two assays were carried out using the completely randomized blocks design. The former was represented by the cultivars...

Author(s): Marina Funichello, José Fernando Jurca Grigolli, Bruno Henrique Sardinha de Souza,  Arlindo Leal Boiça Junior and Antonio Carlos Busoli

November 2013

Pedogenic impacts on the distribution of total and available Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn, Cd, Pb and Co contents of vertisols and vertic inceptisols of the Bale Mountain area of Ethiopia

Total and DTPA-extractable micronutrient cations and heavy metals were determined for some ‘vertisols and vertic inceptisols’ of the Bale Mountain area of Ethiopia. Total micronutrients and heavy metal contents in these soils were 4.8 to 11.9% Fe, 774 to 2947 ug/g Mn, 55 to 143 ug/g Zn, 5 to 65 ug/g Cu, 19 to 119 ug/g Co, 6 to 35 ug/g Pb and 0 to 4 ug/g Cd, and are generally within the ranges reported...

Author(s): B. P. K. Yerima, E. Van Ranst, S. Sertsu and A. Verdoodt

November 2013

Supply response of wheat in Bangladesh: Cointegration and vector error correction analysis

Numerous past studies on wheat cultivation in Bangladesh is criticized for using the weaker Nerlovian Partial Adjustment models and also for analytical interpretation through Ordinary Least Square (OLS) creating spurious results for time series data. This problem can be avoided if Econometric technique of co-integration is used. It is for this the present paper estimates the supply response of wheat in Bangladesh by...

Author(s): A. S. M. Anwarul Huq, Fatimah Mohamed Arshad and Gazi Nurul Islam

November 2013

Enhancing iron density and uptake in grain and straw of aerobic rice through mulching and rhizo-foliar fertilization of iron

A field experiment was carried out during kharif seasons (June to October) of 2008 to 2009 at New Delhi, to study the Fe density and uptake in aerobic rice as influenced by mulching and iron nutrition. The treatments comprising four methods of rice production viz. bare soil (no mulch), wheat straw mulch (5 t ha-1), Sesbania aculeata mulch and transplanted rice (paddy control) in main plots and five treatments of Fe...

Author(s): Gulab Singh Yadav, Y. S. Shivay, Dinesh Kumar and Subhash Babu

November 2013

Effect of soil matric potential on wolfberry (Lycium barbarbum L.) yield, evapotranspiration and water use efficiency under drip irrigation

The experiment was undertaken in order to investigate the effect of soil matric potential (SMP) on wolfberry yield, evapotranspiration (ET), water use efficiency (WUE) and the implications for soil water management under drip irrigation in the Yinchuan Plain arid region of Northwest China. The experiment consisted of five treatments, which maintained SMP at a depth of 0.2 m immediately under a drip emitter releasing...

Author(s): Junshu Jia, Yaohu Kang and Shuqin Wan

November 2013

Analysis of uniformity of new oilseed rape lines (Brassica napus L. subsp. oleifera) using coefficient of variation

The aim of this study is to compare the suitability of Bennett’s and Miller’s statistical methods, respectively, for analysis of oilseed rape varietal uniformity. In both methods, coefficient of variation for evaluation of the uniformity of crop varieties was used. In order to test the suitability of the above mentioned statistical methods for analyzing the varietal uniformity in spring oilseed rape, the...

Author(s): Bogna Zawieja, Jan Bocianowski, Tadeusz Łuczkiewicz and Katarzyna Gacek

November 2013

Assessment of potato processing investments by real options approach: Case study

The paper presents the integrated technological-economic deterministic simulation system for decision-making support in agric-food production. An emphasis was made on the use of standard financial indicator net present value (NPVt) by incorporating the real options approach for potato processing as a supplementary activity on a mixed farm. The application of real options (RO) was presented using the Black-Scholes and...

Author(s): Karmen Pažek, Matej Kolenko, Jernej Turk, Jernej Prišenk, Andreja Borec, Martin Pavlovič and ÄŒrtomir Rozman

November 2013

Macro-mineral contents in ten species at three phenological stages in Tehsil Takht-e-Nasrati, District Karak, Pakistan

Livestock rearing is a common practice by the locals in Tehsil Takht-e-Nasrati, and source of livelihood. Low productivity due to poor health of livestock is a major consideration in the study area. In order to know whether this low productivity and poor health might be due to poor quality of forage, ten forage species were analyzed for macro-mineral quantification at three phenological stages. The palatability of these...

Author(s): Musharaf Khan, Farrukh Hussain, Shahana Musharaf

November 2013

Community-based improvement scheme for washera sheep: Lessons from Yilmanadensa and Quarit Districts in Westren Amhara Region, Ethiopia

This paper evaluates performance of community-based improvement scheme for Washera sheep in Yilmanadensa and Quarit districts. Primary data were collected from 63 farmers and analyzed using descriptive statistical techniques. Since the inception of the scheme (ram shortage) was solved, the number of lamb born per ewe was increased. However, smallholder farmers did not provide proper management for common ram. This is...

Author(s): Asresu Yitayew, Mengistie Taye, Agraw Amanie and Getenet Zeleke

November 2013

Additive main effects and multiplicative interaction (AMMI) analysis of GxE interactions in rice-blast pathosystem to identify stable resistant genotypes

Genotype x environment interaction (GEI) of 42 rice genotypes tested over nine seasons was analyzed to identify stable resistance to blast disease incited by Magnaporthe oryzae. The genotypes were raised in uniform blast nursery in a randomized complete block design with three replications. The GEI was analyzed following the regression models as well as additive main effects and multiplicative interaction (AMMI) model....

Author(s): A. K. Mukherjee, N. K. Mohapatra, L. K. Bose, N. N. Jambhulkar and P. Nayak

November 2013

The length-weight relationships, condition factors and gut contents of Syncrossus helodes (Sauvage, 1876) and Yasuhikotakia modesta (Bleeker, 1864) from the Mekong River, Muang District, Nong Khai Province, Northeastern Thailand

The length-weight relationships (LWR), condition factors (K) and gut contents of Syncrossus helodes (Sauvage, 1876) and Yasuhikotakia modesta (Bleeker, 1864) from the Mekong River, Muang District, Nong Khai Province, Northeastern Thailand were investigated in the dry-hot and dry-cool season 2010.  The LWR results indicated that S. helodes exhibited negative allometric growth in both seasons, whereas Y. modesta...

Author(s): Chutima Hanjavanit, Sirilawan Buromra and Narumon Sangpradub

November 2013

Sensory analysis of banana blended shrikhand

Shrikhand is a popular Indian dessert prepared by fermentation of milk. It has a semi-soft consistency and is sweetish sour in taste. Fresh Curd (dahi) prepared was partially strained through a cloth to remove the whey and produce a solid mass called chakka. Chakka was finely mixed with sugar and flavouring agents, to give a sweetish-sour taste. Shrikhand was prepared from dahi with a constant level of sugar (40%) and...

Author(s): Rita Narayanan and Jyothi Lingam

November 2013

Classification of tea consumed in Senegal using XRF techniques and chemometric based on their country of origin

Discrimination of tea varieties from different countries is demanding task and to address this requirement, we demonstrate the feasibility of using x-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrometry combined with chemometric, to classify geographical origin of different based on their elemental contents. Both direct non-pre-treatment XRF spectra and elemental concentration were used to achieve discrimination of tea. The...

Author(s): Modou Mbaye, Alassane Traoré, Ababacar Sadikh Ndao and Ahmadou Wagué

November 2013

Development of ergo refined coconut tree climbing device

Climbing coconut trees is an important activity in rural agricultural wage workers. Generally, skilled workers are employed to collect the coconuts from the tree. Agricultural workers employed for coconut tree climbing suffer musculoskeletal disorders than any other type of injury or illness. The developed tree climbing device (T1) was evaluated based on ergonomical parameters and ergo refinements were carried out. The...

Author(s): A. P. Mohankumar, D. Anantha Krishnan and K. Kathirvel

November 2013

Effect of Bt cotton on survival and development of tobacco caterpillar, Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) on different events of Bt hybrids

Transgenic Bt Cotton hybrids expressing cry toxins with different events are available in India for cultivation offering resistance to bollworms. In the present investigation the impact of Bt Cotton hybrids derived from different events were studied in the laboratory on the growth and development of tobacco caterpillar, Spodoptera litura. The larval mortality when fed on leaves and squares of RCH 2 BG-II featuring Cry 1...

Author(s): V. Chinna Babu Naik, N. V. V. S. D. Prasad and G. Ramachandra Rao

November 2013

Decision support system for soil and water analysis and fertiliser recommendation for flue-cured Virginia (FCV) tobacco

Soil fertility and water quality play an important role on the productivity of any crop. Soil and water test based fertilizer recommendation will help the farmers to optimize the resources and to improve the productivity. Decision Support System (DSS) was developed for calculating the instrument reading into final value of the test parameters of soil (pH, EC, organic carbon, available nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium...

Author(s): H. Ravi Sankar, C. Chandrasekhararao and K. Sivaraju

November 2013

Harmful effects and chemical control study of Mikania micrantha H.B.K in Yunnan, Southwest China

Invasive alien species Mikania micrantha, which originated from Central and South America, has spread quickly and become one of the most seriously invasive weedy species in Yunnan Province, Southwest of China. The harmful effects of this plant on major cash crops and local plant communities have been surveyed in 50 townships of 6 counties of Yunnan Province since 2006. Moreover, bioactivity and selectivity of 20 types...

Author(s): Shicai Shen, Gaofeng Xu, Fudou Zhang, Guimei Jin, Shufang Liu, Meiyun Liu, Aidong Chen and Yuhua Zhang

November 2013

Effects of unemployed rural youth on rural development (ORIC-13-03)

Rural youth in Pakistan play very significant character in the political, economic, rural development and social change. The research work is the socio-psychological effects on rural development in the aspect of unemployment on the personality of jobless youth in Tehsil Jaranwala, District Faisalabad-Pakistan. A multistage sampling technique was applied for data collection. At the 2nd stage, two union councils were...

Author(s): Muhammad Imran Khurram, Tahir Munir Butt, Babar Shahbaz, Shakeel Ahmad, Muhammad Abdul Rahman, Usman Shakoor, Badar Naseem Siddiqi, Muhammad Zakaria Yousaf Hassan, Han Zhenguo and Muhammad Rizwan

November 2013

Assessment of the occurrence and abundance of mycorrhizal fungal communities in soils from yam (Dioscorea spp.) cropping fields in Dabakala, North Côte d’Ivoire

Abundance and diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) in soils under yam cropping fields in Dabakala, North Côte d’Ivoire were investigated to identify AMF species in order to set endomycorrhizal inoculation technology to improve yam productivity. Samples were collected at the locations of Bonieredougou 1, Bonieredougou 2, Souleymanekaha 1 and Souleymanekaha 2. Soil characteristics, AMF species,...

Author(s): Jacob NANDJUI, Don Rosin Rodrigue VOKO, Aka Niangoran Marie-Stéphanie KOUADIO, Beaulys FOTSO, Yao TANO and Adolphe ZEZE

November 2013

Smallholder livelihoods under economic liberalization in Malawi

This paper examines the livelihoods of smallholder households in Malawi based on information derived from six villages in various parts of the country. Through detailed analysis of own-farm production and off-farm economic activities, the study explores similarities, diversities and disparities in rural livelihoods. Liberalization policies and the high risk of crop failure have produced large disparities between those...

Author(s): T. Takane

November 2013

Genetic study of heterosis for yield and quality components in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum)

Magnitude of heterosis, combining ability effects and its variances were estimated by line × tester analysis including 30 F1 cross combinations using 13 parents after selfing (ten lines and three testers) at Vegetable Research Farm, BHU, Varanasi (India). These 43 genotypes (10 lines and 3 testers and 30 resulting F1 hybrids) were evaluated for growth, yield and quality (T.S.S and shelf life) contributing traits....

Author(s): Sunil K. Yadav, B. K. Singh, D. K. Baranwal and S. S. Solankey

November 2013

Nutrients uptake ability of various rainy season crops grown in a vertisol of central India

A pot culture experiment was conducted at Indian Institute of Soil Science to compare the nutrient uptake pattern of rainy season crops such as maize, soybean, sorghum, pearl millet, finger millet and rice. Crop biomass was taken at 30, 50, 75 and 90 days after sowing (DAS) and at maturity from each crop. Among the crops grown, total dry biomass was decreasing in the following order; maize > pearl millet > sorghum...

Author(s): M. L. Dotaniya and S. K. Kushwah