African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6671

Table of Content: 18 July 2011; 6(14)

July 2011

Food insecurity and HIV/AIDS as it affects women in Nigeria

HIV/AIDS, poverty and agriculture all have effects on the women in the African culture, based on the fact that the activity of the women in agriculture and the yield cannot translate to food sufficiency and provide a means of lively hood for her and her children thus leading to the incidence of poverty. It is believed that the men folks, the low level of agricultural productivity, family dependence and poor...

Author(s): Laraba Ayuba O. and Jackson B. A.

July 2011

Effect of urban wastewater usage and problems of accumulation of heavy metals in agricultural lands (south of Tehran)

Cultivation of plants as sources of human food and livestock around the big cities like Tehran is common. In some of these areas, untreated raw sewage and urban wastewaters are used for irrigation of these plants. In Southern Tehran, the long-term irrigation of plants with waste water is produced by urbanactivities, regardless of the increase of soil fertility and the provision of macro and micro nutrients, such...

Author(s): Majid Harati, Maryam Varavi pour, Mehdi Tamadon Rastegar and Behrooz Foghi

July 2011

Modelling the effect of supplementing elephant grass with lablab and desmodium on weight gain of dairy heifers under stall-feeding system

This study reports on a simulation growth model developed to predict daily gain (DG) of dairy cattle heifers. The model input parameters are gross energy (GE), ash, crude protein (CP), organic matter digestibility (OMD), dry matter (DM), protein degradation variables and heifer initial body weight. Results from the simulation model show that at low levels of CP in elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum) there is improved...

Author(s): F. Tibayungwa, J. Y. T. Mugisha and M. Nabasirye

July 2011

Effect of sowing date on Striga infestation and yield of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor [L.] Moench) cultivars in the Sudan savanna of northeast Nigeria

Striga hermonthica is a serious biotic constraint to sorghum production in the dry savannas of sub-Saharan Africa but the use of improved cultivars and appropriate planting dates may help to control the weed. A two year trial was conducted to evaluate the effect of sowing dates on four sorghum cultivars (improved: ICSV111, ICSV400, KSV8, and landrace: HANUNGIWA) under natural infestation with S....

Author(s): F. Ekeleme, A. Y. Kamara, L. O. Omoigui, D. Chikoye, I. Y. Dugje and A. Tegbaru

July 2011

Evidence of somatic embryogenesis for plantlet regeneration in Muscari neglectum Guss.

Muscari neglectum Guss. is one of the ornamental species from Liliaceae family and has been used as well as other species of the genus Muscari, for its medicinal properties. The root is anti-inflammatory, antiallergic, aphrodisiac and pectoral stimulant. Somatic embryogenesis in M. neglectum Guss. was induced from bulb explants cultured in Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium plant growth regulator free...

Author(s): Roya Karamian, Atiyeh Sharifzadeh and Massoud Ranjbar

July 2011

Growth, bulb yield and quality of onion (Allium cepa L.) as influenced by nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization on vertisol I. growth attributes, biomass production and bulb yield

A field experiment was undertaken to study the effect of different levels of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) fertilizers on the growth, biomass yield and fresh bulb yield of onion (Allium cepa L.) grown on vertisol of Shewa Robit, North east Ethiopia. Five rates of N (0, 69, 92, 115, 138 kg ha-1) and five rates of P (0, 10, 20, 30, 40 kg ha-1) were arranged in a Randomized Complete Block Design replicated three...

Author(s): Y. Abdissa, T. Tekalign and L. M. Pant

July 2011

Yield response and stability among cowpea genotypes at three planting dates and test environments

Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) is one of the important food legumes and a valuable component of the traditional cropping systems in the semiarid tropics. Its productivity is generally low since farmers still grow unimproved landraces as a result of unavailability of improved and locally adapted cultivars. The objective of this study was to determine the relative yield response and stability among selected...

Author(s): R. P. Shiringani and H. A. Shimelis

July 2011

Genetic analysis of earliness and its components in safflower (Carthamus tinctorious L.)

In this research, F1 and F2 progenies of diallel crosses with eight-parental genotypes were used to investigate the mode of inheritance for earliness in safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.). Days to emergence, days to budding, days to bolling, days to flowering and days to maturity were estimated in 64 and 28 genotypes in F1 and F2 generation, respectively. The results indicated that there...

Author(s): Pooran Golkar

July 2011

Energy plantations of dendroflora species on open-pit coal mines overburden deposits

In order to define the models of energy plantations of the short rotation on deposols of open-pit coal mines, The Serbian Ministry of Science and Technological Development supported the researches aimed at the determination of the post-exploitation areas suitable for the short rotation plantations in the Kolubara basin. Besides the research of ecological conditions of the post-exploitation areas, research of the...

Author(s): Dragana M. Drazic, Milorad Veselinovic, Branislava Batos, Ljubinko Rakonjac, Nevena Cule, Suzana Mitrovic and Maja Djurovic-Petrovic

July 2011

The principal negative environmental impacts of small hydropower plants in Turkey

There has been a substantial increase in recent years in the number of small hydropower plants (SHP) as an alternative renewable energy source. SHPs are plants which have a capacity of 0.5 to 25 MW and are subject to the environmental impact assessment procedures different from those of other plants in Turkey. There are 903 small hydropower plants in the country including those with a license application under...

Author(s): Åž. BaÅŸkaya, E. BaÅŸkaya and A. Sari

July 2011

Chemical control of invasive Psidium guajava in Swaziland: A preliminary assessment of costs and efficacy

Psidium guajava (guava) is recognised as the third most important inva­sive alien plant species in the moist savanna biome of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland. The cost of initial clearing of alien plants reaches up to R3 000-00 per ha, therefore the application of correct control methods is essential for cost-effective reduction of the spread. The aim of this study was to test the cost...

Author(s): Anthony Borrel J., Leslie Brown R. and Kerry Slater

July 2011

What changed in public extension in the last decade? The case of Manisa province in Turkey

In this study, the changes in public extension services were examined through the data of two conducting researches in Manisa province of Turkey in different years as 1996 and 2007. Turkish extension service is influenced by the general, and training-visit approaches which were employed in the past few decades. These approaches are mainly directed to conventional production and yield increases, by using a top-down...

Author(s): Murat Boyaci and Ozlem Yildiz

July 2011

Determining optimum cropping pattern using Fuzzy Goal Programming (FGP) model

Efficient management of the agricultural resources is becoming the key issue to feed the increasing population from the limited resources. The purpose of this study was to find the optimal cropping pattern, in Bardsir region of Kerman-Iran, which maximizes the crop production and net return, and minimizes the employing of labor, water and machinery inputs. A Fuzzy Goal Programming (FGP) model was applied and compared...

Author(s): J. Soltani, A. R. Karbasi and S. M. Fahimifard

July 2011

Hermetic on-farm storage for maize weevil control in East Africa

Maize (Zea mays L.) consumption makes up over half of daily caloric intake of persons in East Africa and adequate supply is necessary for food security for subsistence farmers, as well as for domestic stability. Hermetic post-harvest maize storage is an attractive non-chemical control strategy for maize weevil,Sitophilus zeamais (Motsch.), which is the principal cause of insect damage to stored maize grain....

Author(s): A. Yakubu, C. J. Bern, J. R. Coats and T. B. Bailey

July 2011

Adaptability and stability of new soybean cultivars under double cropped conditions of Turkey

A two-year field study was conducted at six distinct locations of Turkey, Adana, Antalya, and Diyarbakır to determine yield performance and yield stability of new soybean cultivar candidates for double cropping systems. The standard cultivars were A 3935, Umut 2002, Nazlıcan and Turksoy. The newly developed soybean cultivars Ataem 6, Ataem 7, 1530, 527, SxW11, SxW-7, SxW-3 and Nova were tested over five...

Author(s): Leyla Gulluoglu, Halis Arioglu and Cemal Kurt

July 2011

Tomato quality evaluation with image processing: A review

Tomatoes are in high demand because the world population consumes them daily. This research aims to improve tomato production and fruit quality through fruit measurement methods, which have a low impact factor on the fruit and plant during measurements. In the present paper, we present a review of the main attributes, such as color, ripening rate, firmness, shape, size and composition, that determine tomato fruit...

Author(s): Abraham Gastélum-Barrios, Rafael A. Bórquez-López, Enrique Rico-García, Manuel Toledano-Ayala and Genaro M. Soto-Zarazúa

July 2011

Genetic analysis of resistance of wild melon to Podosphaera xanthii race 2F

Yuntian-930 is a wild melon that is highly resistant to powdery mildew (PM). To determine the inheritance of resistance to PM, Yuntian-930 was crossed with another cultivated melon, Hualaishi, which is susceptible to PM. Inheritance of resistance to Podosphaera xanthii race 2F. in six plant generations (P1, P2, F1, B1, B2, and F2) was studied using the mixed major-gene plus polygene inheritance mode...

Author(s): Feng Xian, Yong Zhang, Jianxiang Ma, Jianqiang Yang and Xian Zhang

July 2011

Optimization of the locations of overhaul capacities for agricultural engineering in Serbia by applying integer programming

  This paper focus on the problem  related to the choice of optimal locations for overhaul facilities intended for maintenance of efficient operation of agricultural mechanization in the western part of South Backa region (24 settlements), Vojvodina, Republic of Serbia.  Distance between the settlements in the observed region, as well as the number of hours required for the maintenance of agricultural...

Author(s): Milan Tomic, Snezana Matic-Kekic, Lazar Savin, Eleonora Desnica, Nebojsa Dedovic, Mirko Simikic, Ondrej Ponjican and Aleksandar Asonja

July 2011

The comparatıon of costs by computure aıded and ınteractıve greenhouse desıgn applıcatıon

  This study aimed to determine the cost of singular greenhouses in computer having ground area of 100 to 750 m2 by entering greenhouse size. Having determined the required amount of materials and total costs, different sizes of steel construction with gable roof greenhouses arc roof and gothic roof greenhouses were compared with each other. The cost of the greenhouse to be designed was computed using the...

Author(s): Kenan BUYUKTAS, Sevket YILMAZ  and Can ERTEKIN

July 2011

Identification of weeds based on fractal dimension analysis of time series of weed leaf chlorophyll

  A new application of fractal dimension analysis was initiated for identification of different kinds of broadleaf weeds. The distribution of chlorophyll time series of weed leaves exhibited self-similar geometricalcharacteristics. The fractal dimension analysis was conducted using Grassberger-Procaccia (G-P) phase space reconstruction algorithm. A total of 300 leaves of...

Author(s): Shuxi Cheng, Yongming Chen, Ping Lin and Yong He

July 2011

Socio– economic factors affecting rural WP in productive cooperations: Case study of Paveh ball-making cooperative

Over the past two decades, the issue of rural women in developing countries has evolved from relative obscurity to a primary concern among the growing community of researchers and policy makers who are interested in women's economic and social situation status. In respect to developing countries, rural women play a vital role in agriculture, daily reproductive tasks and income generating activities, etc. However, it...

Author(s): Mousa Aazami, Homa Sorushmehr and Karim Naderi Mahdei

July 2011

Adoption and consequences of technologies on rural women

  Determinants of adoption of new technology among rice producers in Fars and Mazandaran provinces and study of the impact of these technologies on women are the main objectives of this paper. Three hundred female family labor and 220 female-hired labor were randomly selected with two-stage cluster sampling technique. Findings showed a positive correlation between technology adoption and amount of female family...

Author(s):   N. Monfared    

July 2011

Comparative study on forage yield and quality of different oat (Avena sativa L.) varieties under agro-ecological conditions of Faisalabad, Pakistan

  An experiment was conducted to compare the forage yield and quality of oat (Avena sativa L.) varieties namely: Avon, Scott, Ravi, CK-1, F-311, F-411 and PD2LV65 at Agronomic Research Area, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan during the year 2008 to 2009. Experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design having three replications and measuring a net plot size...

Author(s): Muhammad Ayub, Muhammad Shehzad, Muhammad Ather Nadeem, Muhammad Pervez, Muhammad Naeem and Naeem Sarwar

July 2011

Long-term fertilization effects on yield trends and soil properties under a winter wheat–summer maize cropping system

  This study examined yield trends and changes in soil chemical properties during a 26-year field experiment, involving a winter wheat–summer maize rotation on a loessial soil in China. Mean yields of wheat and maize increased significantly with increasing rates of manure (M) or inorganic nitrogen and phosphorus (NP) application. However, over time, the yield of both crops declined under the NP...

Author(s): Xueyun Yang, Yang Yang, Benhua Sun and Shulan Zhang

July 2011

Application of kriging and cokriging in spatial estimation of groundwater quality parameters

    Excessive use of groundwater aquifers may result in low quality groundwater. The chloride content and the sodium adsorption ratio (SAR) are among the most important water quality parameters, that is, the estimation of these two parameters and, consequently, Na+, Ca2+ and Mg2+ concentration are much more time-consuming and expensive than water salinity measurement. Thus, it seems...

Author(s): Abdolrahim Hooshmand, Mahdi Delghandi, Azizollah Izadi and Khaled Ahmad Aali

July 2011

Salinity stress tissue-regenerated Rosa chinensis Jacq. improves water and proline content

Rosa chinensis Jacq. is used worldwide in ornamental and medicine. The goal of this study was to establish a convenient media for plant regeneration and embryogenesis from nodal segments excised from greenhouse-grown plants and cultured on MS (200 mM NaCl-free/not) medium. Salinity stress could cause embryo death, plantlet morphological change and drastic necrosis during rooting and pot...

Author(s): Tchouopou L. Josine, Jing Ji, Gang Wang and Jiang Wu

July 2011

Factors Influencing the Information Seeking Knowledge of wheat farmers in Iran

  The study reports an investigation designed to explore the information seeking knowledge of wheat farmers in Iran and to identify the factors that influences information seeking knowledge. Information seeking knowledge means the extent of use of information sources like agriculture service center, agent workers, etc. A questionnaire was developed to explore information seeking knowledge of wheat...

Author(s): Gholamreza Dinpanah and Farhad Lashgarara

July 2011

Factors influencing the effectiveness of entrepreneurship courses on agricultural graduates at the llam province in lran

  Unemployment is one of the critical issues concerning the youth, specially graduated students of Ilam in recent years. Entrepreneurship can be considered as a strategy to make occupational opportunities for graduated agricultural students. The present study was aimed at recognition of effective factors on the effectiveness of entrepreneurship education courses. The population for this study...

Author(s): Farhad Lashgarara, Ehsan Azizian and Hossein Mehdizadeh

July 2011

A conceptual model of forest stand hydrologic effect: Potential application in the forest management practice

  The objective of this illustrative study was to obtain realistic data about the age and period of hydrologic maturity of forest stands in order to use these indicators for planning the forest management activities in watercatchment basins located to the north of Istanbul. On the basis of data and aggregate data summaries obtained from numerous...

Author(s): Sinan Destan

July 2011

Measurement of microbial activity and applicability of dissolved DNA as indicator of microbial activity in pasturage soil

  A method was developed for the determination of dissolved DNA in pasturage soil and was based on the concentration of dissolved DNA by ethanol precipitation of 0.2 µm - pore size filtered water. The DNA concentrated extracts were quantified by the fluorescence of Hoechst 33258-DNA complexes. The fluorescence that was not attributable to DNA was corrected by DNase I digestion of the extracts and it...

Author(s):   Kheyrodin H. and Antoun H.