African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6667

Table of Content: 26 July, 2013; 8(28)

July 2013

Peroxidase isozyme characterization of elite genotypes of Pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br)

Isozyme markers are the oldest among molecular markers. Isozyme markers have been successfully used in several crop improvement programmes. Peroxidase (POX) isozyme has proven to be reliable genetic marker in breeding and genetic studies of Pearl millet. The present study was conducted to characterize 21 genotypes (7 hybrids, 6 female parents, 5 male parents and 3 open pollinated varieties (OPV) of Pearl millet by using...

Author(s): Manivannan, A.,,  Somveer Nimbal and  Chhabra, A. K.

July 2013

Genetic studies of morpho-physiological traits of maize (Zea mays L.) seedling

The proposed study was carried out in the glasshouse of the Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan to evaluate eighty maize genotypes for seedling traits during the crop season in February 2011. The higher value of genotypic variance was found for chlorophyll contents, photosynthetic rate and sub-stomatal CO2 concentration. The higher values of heritability and...

Author(s): Qurban Ali, Muhammad Ahsan, Muhammad Hammad Nadeem Tahir and Shahzad Maqsood Ahmed Basra

July 2013

Comparison of thermal properties of three texturally different soils under two compaction levels

A laboratory experiment was conducted with tree texturally different soils (Red loamy sand, Black clay soil and Alluvial sandy loam) in PVC columns maintaining at two bulk density levels to compare the thermal properties as influenced by texture, compaction and mineralogical composition of soils. Difference in peak soil temperature (ST) between surface and 20 cm soil layer reduced by 50% or more with increase in...

Author(s): P. Pramanik and P. Aggarwal

July 2013

The efficacy of flufenoxuron as potential bait toxicant against termites

In this laboratory evaluation, Coptotermes acinaciformis (Froggatt) actively attacked in the first week of testingPinus radiata (D. Don) wood blocks (50 x 25 x 15 mm) was treated with concentrations of Flufenoxuron (Flurox™) (that is, 25, 50, 100, 200 and 400 ppm); the blocks with highest concentration were the most attractive. Results were similar whether blocks were leached or unleached. The...

Author(s): B. M. Ahmed Shiday and J. R. J. French

July 2013

Molecular cloning and tissue expression analyses of a UF3GT gene from Capsicum annuum L.

In the present study, a novel gene designated as UF3GT was isolated from Capsicum annuum L. Sequence and structural analysis determined that the UF3GT protein, which contained 1401 base pairs encodes 447 amino acids and belongs to the Glycosyltransferase-GTB-type superfamily. The isoelectric point and the molecular weight of this gene are 5.97 and 49589, respectively. The deduced amino acid...

Author(s): Hui ZHOU, Ming-hua DENG, Jin-fen WEN, Jin-long HUO, Xue-xiao ZOU and Hai-shan ZHU

July 2013

Innovations in the soyabean innovation system in Benue State, Nigeria

The study determined the factors hindering innovation in the soyabean innovation system in Benue State, Nigeria. A total of 100 respondents were selected using simple random sampling technique. Data were analyzed by use of frequency, percentage and mean statistic. The result of the study indicated that a number of innovations were introduced and classified into produce/process innovations, the basic research innovation...

Author(s): Daudu S. and Madukwe M. C.

July 2013

Physical, chemical and sensory factors of Mexican and New Zealand sheep meat commercialized in Central of Mexico

The object of this study was to determine the physicochemical and sensory quality of national and imported from New Zealand mutton sold in the highest mutton-selling region in Mexico (Capulhuac, Estado de Mexico). Samples were obtained from 6 wholesale points. In each outlet a piece of longissimus dorsi muscle was bought. The factors evaluated were moisture, protein, fat, objective color (L*, a* y b*)...

Author(s): M. D. Mariezcurrena, A. Z. M. Salem, C. Tepichín, M. S. Rubio and M. A. Mariezcurrena  

July 2013

The one-humped camel in Southern Africa: Unusual and new records for seven countries in the Southern African Development Community

The one-humped camel (Camelus dromedarius) was introduced to colonial southern Africa in the late 19th and early 20th centuries for military and police work to maintain law and order, for use in the postal services and for experiments in connection with rinderpest. Remnants of these (originally very small) populations survive in Botswana, Namibia and the Republic of South Africa but there are no surviving camels in...

Author(s): R. Trevor Wilson

July 2013

Antioxidants and chlorophyll in cassava leaves at three plant ages

The aim of this study was to quantify antioxidant substances and chlorophyll content, as well as to measure the antioxidant activity in cassava leaf flour (CLF) of different cultivars at several plant ages, in order to lead to a higher utilization of these leaves, and consequently to an enhancement of this agricultural by-product. The contents of antioxidant substances (vitamin C, polyphenols and β-carotene) were...

Author(s): Anderson Assaid Simão , Mírian Aparecida Isidro Santos, Rodrigo Martins Fraguas, Mariana Aparecida Braga, Tamara Rezende Marques, Mariene Helena Duarte, Claudia Mendes dos Santos, Juliana Mesquita Freire and Angelita Duarte Corrêa

July 2013

Changes in agro-biodiversity as a result of sugarcane farming in mumias division, western Kenya

Sugarcane farming is a monocultural land use practice which often leads to reduction in agro-biodiversity. In Mumias division sugarcane is cultivated under small scale, large scale and nuclear estate. The study was carried out in Mumias division of western Kenya where 68% of the land is under commercial sugarcane cultivation while 32% is left for subsistence agriculture and other uses. The objectives of the study were...

Author(s): Nelly Nambande Masayi and Godfrey Wafula Netondo

July 2013

Growth and yield of sunnhemp (Crotalaria juncea L.) as influenced by spacing and topping practices

Field experiment were conducted during rainy (kharif) season of 2009 and 2010 to study the effects of various spacing and topping practices on growth and seed yield of sunnhemp. Spacing (30 × 10 cm, 30 × 20 cm, 45 × 10 cm and 45 × 20 cm) in main plots and topping (no topping, topping at 30 days after sowing and topping at 45 days after sowing) in sub plots were studied in split plot design with...

Author(s): M. K. Tripathi, Babita Chaudhary, S. R. Singh and H. R. Bhandari

July 2013

Correlation analysis of some agronomic traits for biomass improvement in sorghum (Sorghum Bicolor L. Moench) genotypes in North-Western Nigeria

Ten Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) land races of North Western, Nigerian origin were evaluated during 2010 at Usmanu Danfodiyo University, teaching and research farm, Sokoto, Sokoto State and during the 2011 rainy season at Bubuche in Augie Local Government Area, Kebbi State in North-Western Nigeria. The objective of the study was to determine the correlation between the traits of sorghum that have direct...

Author(s): Lawali Abubakar and T. S. Bubuche

July 2013

Influence of drip fertigation on water productivity and profitability of maize

Field experiments were conducted during the 2008 and 2009 cropping season at Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore to study the effect of drip fertigation on water use efficiency in intensive maize (Zea mays L.) based intercropping system. In 2008, drip fertigated maize at 150%  recommended dose of fertilizer (RDF) recorded significantly higher grain yield of 7.3 t ha-1. Whereas in 2009, higher grain...

Author(s): S. Anitta Fanish

July 2013

Growth, mineral absorption and yield of maize inoculated with microbe strains

The agrobiological effectiveness of maize inoculation with microbial strains, from arid and semiarid regions of Northern Mexico (‘3025W’), cultivated under irrigation conditions, was evaluated. We studied the impact of six experimental strains of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi [3 (Glomus mosseae), 20 (Gigaspora albida), 32 (G. mosseae), 35 (G. mosseae), 39 (G. mosseae) and 55 (Gigaspora albida)], a...

Author(s): Arturo Díaz Franco, Flor Elena Ortiz Cháirez, Mónica Guadalupe Lozano Contreras, Gerardo Armando Aguado Santacruz  and y Oscar Arath Grageda Cabrera  

July 2013

The influence of fertilizer type and application rates in tea cultivation on nitrogen and potassium efficiencies

As the most important cultural practices for tea production, single effects of nitrogen (N) and potassium (K) fertilization on yield are well documented but their interactions and impact on their use efficiencies are poorly understood. It was necessary therefore to assess interactions and impact on their use efficiencies in tea cultivation as influenced by fertilizer application rates. This objective led...

Author(s): Kibet Sitienei, P. G. Home, D. M. Kamau and J. K. Wanyoko

July 2013

Impact of nitrogen fertilization on the yield and content of protein fractions in spring triticale grain

Spring triticale cv. Andrus was cultivated in 2010 and 2011 with the application of different combinations of nitrogen fertilization with a total dose of 80 or 120 kg ha-1. The nitrogen fertilizer was applied into soil or both into soil and on leaves (foliar application) with and without microelements. The average grain yield was 6.21 t ha-1 with a range from 5.89 to 6.64 t ha-1 depending on the variant...

Author(s): K. Wojtkowiak, A. StÄ™pieÅ„, M. TaÅ„ska, I. Konopka and S. Konopka

July 2013

Comparative study of maturity stages influenced by tomato under two different farming systems

In the present study, comparative advantages were computed to check on the existing status of cultivation practices with the precision farming practices. The study would be helpful to the tomato industries to manage their supply chain effectively by minimizing the cost and increasing the marketing efficiency and thereby enhancing their profit. Study was conducted in the Department of vegetable crops, Horticultural...

Author(s): V. Arumugam and E. Vadivel

July 2013

Spatial integration and price communication in food grains markets in Ogun State of Nigeria

Grains are important food items amongst many households because of their nutritional values. Quite often, there are distinct disparities between the wholesale and retail prices of these commodities. This study therefore investigated the degree of integration and price communications in food grains markets. Data were collected from 240 food grains marketers who were randomly selected from the 4 divisions in Ogun State,...

Author(s): Akanni, K. A.

July 2013

Experimental and modelling study of thin layer drying kinetics of pellets millet flour

The thin layer drying kinetics of pellets millet flour was studied at drying air temperatures of 40, 50 and 60°C using a constant air velocity of 1.0 m/s for pellets size 2.5 mm < d1 < 3.15 mm and 5 mm < d2 < 6.30 mm. Ten thin layer drying models were evaluated by fitting the experimental moisture data. The goodness of fit of each model was evaluated using the coefficient of determination (R2)...

Author(s): P. T. Bassene, S. Gaye, A. Talla, V. Sambou and D. Azilinon

July 2013

Population dynamics of sucking insect pests and its natural enemies on okra agro-ecosystem in Chitrakoot region

Okra crop was found infested with sucking insect pests, these are, whitefly (Bemisia tabaci), leafhopper (Amrasca bigutulla bigutulla) and aphid (A. gossypii) during 2008. A thorough knowledge of seasonal activity of different insect pests determines the predisposing climatic factors affecting their population dynamics. The study was carried out in the Rajaula Farm of Mahatama Gandhi Chitrokoot Gramodya Vishwvidyalay...

Author(s): Yajuvendra Singh, Aastik Jha, Savita Verma, V. K. Mishra and S. S. Singh  

July 2013

An analysis of hybrid sterility in rice (Oryza sativa L.) using genetically diverse germplasm under temperate ecosystem

Sixty cross combinations consisting of 15 intervarietal indica, 15 intervarietal japonica and 15 crosses each of inter-subspecific and three-way crosses were generated through different mating patterns in kharif 2008 and evaluated for hybrid sterility under two different agroecologies of Kashmir during kharif 2009. The estimates of pollen and spikelet sterility were very high...

Author(s): S. Najeeb, M. Ashraf Ahangar and S. H. Dar

July 2013

Mathematical model for nursery raising inside greenhouse

Farmers require initially high input to raise nursery seedling/cuttings. Farmers’ further activity related to cultivation depends on healthy and available seedlings. Once a farmer has prepared the land and cannot get good seedling, he becomes weak for some season. Studying of environment is a must for planning nursery raising according to thermal profile which can be obtained in greenhouse. Keeping this in mind,...

Author(s): S. H. Sengar and S. Kothari

July 2013

Occurrence, distribution and dynamics of virus antigen accumulation in pepper cultivation on open fields in Republic of Macedonia during 2008-2009

Research was conducted in 2008 and 2009 in order to determine the virus status of pepper (Capsicumannuum) cultivated in open fields in the Republic of Macedonia (R. Macedonia). Most of the tested seedlings were virus free, but a few seedlings were found to be infected with Potato virus Y (PVY). During the vegetative season, in the tested areas pepper plants were mostly infected by Cucumber Mosaic...

Author(s): Rade Rusevski, Katerina Bandzo, Biljana Kuzmanovska, Kiril Sotirovski and Mihajlo Risteski

July 2013

Organochlorine (OC) pesticide residues in soils of major cocoa plantations in Ondo State, Southwestern Nigeria

Organochlorine compounds were extracted from soils of major cocoa plantations in Ondo State of Nigeria by supercritical fluid extraction and their concentrations were determined by electron capture detector – gas chromatography. The percentage recoveries for the optimized extraction temperatures were 89.99 ± 0.05 to 105.24 ± 0.04 at 60°C and 63.88 ± 1.12 to 93.33 ± 0.15 at 80°C...

Author(s): A. A. Okoya, N. Torto, A. O. Ogunfowokan and O. I. Asubiojo

July 2013

Quality of low temperature heat-shocked green asparagus spears during short-term storage

The present study evaluated the effects of heat-shock treatment (washing in 48°C distilled water for 5 min) on quality of green asparagus spears stored at 25 or 4°C for 7 days. The results showed that the quality characteristics including toughness, lignin and cellulose contents, and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase, cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase and peroxidase activities were increasing in both heat-shocked and...

Author(s): Kai Ying Chiu and Jih Min Sung

July 2013

Genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance for yield and its components snake gourd (Trichosanthes anguina L.)

Genetic variability and heritability were studied in 50 genotypes of snake gourd (Trichosanthes anguina L.) to determine the magnitude of variability in the population and to identify genotypically diverse and economically desirable genotypes for utilization in crop improvement. The phenotypic coefficient of variation was found to be slightly higher than the genotypic coefficient of variation for all the...

Author(s): N. Deepa Devi and S. Mariappan