African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6863

Table of Content: 30 June, 2016; 11(26)

June 2016

Development and parasitism of Encarsia hispida (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) on Bemisia tabaci biotype B in cotton

The biological control of pests is essential for the use of Integrated Pest Management in agricultural environments. In this context, the objective of this study was to identify biological parameters and quantify the parasitism index of Encarsia hispida on Bemisia tabaci biotype B nymphs in cotton plants. The research was conducted at the Entomology Laboratory of the Federal University of Paraíba, in Areia,...

Author(s): Robério de Oliveira, Gemerson Machado Oliveira, Mileny dos Santos de Souza, Matheus Andrade Borba, Jhony Vendruscolo, Gilmar da Silva Nunes, Izabela Nunes Nascimento and Jacinto de Luna Batista

June 2016

Screening melon genotypes for resistance to Meloidogyne enterolobii

Melon (Cucumis melo L.) is a cucurbitaceous of great appreciation worldwide. The intensive cultivation of melons has favored the increase of plant health problems in several producing regions. Among these problems, the root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne spp.) stands out. The development of genetically resistant cultivars is consolidated as an effective strategy for the management of these pathogens, it is then essential to...

Author(s): Guilherme Matos Martins Diniz, Willame dos Santos Candido, Edgard Henrique Costa Silva, Marcus Vinícius Marin, Carolina Andrade Franco, Leila Trevisan Braz and Pedro Luiz Martins Soares

June 2016

Potential use of herbicides in different sorghum hybrids

The sorghum crop in Brazil has expanded substantially. Among the factors that interfere in sorghum yield is the interference imposed by the presence of weeds. The objective of this study was to assess the potential of different herbicide treatments applied in pre-emergence or post-emergence of sorghum in terms of selectivity and weed control. Two experiments were conducted, one for each application modality:...

Author(s): Hudson Kagueyama Takano, Rogerio Da Silva Rubin, Luiz Henrique Marques, Sérgio Mateus Tronquini, Dauri Aparecido Fadin, Augusto Kalsing, Rodrigo Neves and Osmério Pupim Júnior

June 2016

Gas exchange, growth and yield of cowpea genotypes under different irrigation strategies

Water availability is a major limiting factor for cowpea bean crops, especially in semiarid regions, where it is necessary to adopt more productive and tolerant genotypes and efficient strategies for water use. Thus, an experiment was carried under field conditions in the semiarid region of Pombal city, PB, Brazil. Using a completely randomised blocks design experiment and four replications, in a factorial scheme. The...

Author(s): Rômulo Carantino Lucena Moreira, Marcos Eric Barbosa Brito, Roberto Cleiton Fernandes de Queiroga, Luciano Jonatas Gomes Frade, Franciscleudo Bezerra da Costa, Francisco Hevilásio Freire Pereira, Luderlândio de Andrade Silva and Carlos Jardel Andrade Oliveira

June 2016

New substrates for the cultivation of Pleurotus ostreatus using exhausted compost

Several materials have been used in the cultivation of the edible mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus. However, little is known about the reuse of the exhausted compost. This study evaluated the utilization of used substrates. Four formulations of composts were evaluated: C1 with no exhausted compost, and C2, C3 and C4 with 26, 45 and 64% of exhausted compost, respectively. Loss of organic matter, biological efficiency and...

Author(s): Otavio Augusto Pessotto Alves Siqueira, André Ricardo Zanon, Olívia Gomes Martins and Meire Cristina Nogueira De Andrade

June 2016

Growth, chlorophyll index and production of common and cowpea beans using different fertilizations

Beans are a the major component in the Brazilian diet population, mainly in the northeast of Brazil, though yield is considered low due to the low technological content that is conducted in most producing regions, making it necessary for fertilizations to increase this feature. Considering the above, this study aimed to evaluate growth, chlorophyll index and the production of cowpea bean and common bean under different...

Author(s): Adailza Guilherme Cavalcante, Alian Cássio Pereira Cavalcante, Raunira da Costa Araújo, Murielle Magda Medeiros Dantas, Maria José Ramos da Silva, Bruno Ferreira Matos, José Flávio Cardoso Zuza and Everton de Oliveira Teixeira

June 2016

Seedling of development and tolerance of eggplant cultivars under saline stress

This study aimed to evaluate the initial growth and tolerance of eggplant cultivars under saline water irrigation. The experiment was carried out in protected environment (greenhouse) at the Federal University of Campina Grande - UFCG, located in the municipality of Pombal-PB, Brazil. The experiment was set in a completely randomized design, in a 2 × 5 factorial scheme, corresponding to two eggplant cultivars (C1...

Author(s): Fernando Sarmento de Oliveira, Francisco Vanies da Silva Sá, Lauter Silva Souto, Emanoela Pereira de Paiva, Fernanda Andrade de Oliveira, Erbia Bressia Gonçalves de  Araújo, Hélio Tavares de Oliveira Neto and Evandro Franklin de Mesquita

June 2016

Phenotypic profiles of different accessions of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L. Lam) in the coastal savanna agro-ecological zone of Ghana

Twenty accessions of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L. Lam) cultivated under rain-fed conditions were evaluated based on their agromorphological traits to assess diversity in yield, morphology and other key agronomic characteristics of the accessions under study. The accessions consisted of 13 local and 7 exotic breeding lines grown in the research farm of the Biotechnology and Nuclear Agriculture Research Institute...

Author(s): Amoatey H. M., Sossah F. L., Ahiakpa J. K., Quartey E. K., Appiah A. S. and Segbefia M. M.

June 2016

Path analysis for yield traits in F2 generation and molecular approaches for breeding rice tolerant to drought and submergence

Drought and submergence are the two major limiting factors that reduce rice production. In this study, the relevance of yield traits through path analysis under drought and submergence conditions to improve grain yield of rice, from dry season 2014-2015 and genotypic analysis using SSR markers was evaluated, during 2015-2016. Path analysis indicated that the number of panicles/clusters had the highest and a direct...

Author(s): Ha Thi Thu Pham, Khang Tan Do, Minh Ngoc Truong, Xuan Dang Tran, Lang Thi Nguyen and Buu Chi Bui

June 2016

Current status of fodder production, conservation and marketing in the arid and semi-arid lands of Tharaka Nithi County, Kenya

The purpose of the survey was to document the current status of fodder production, conservation and marketing in the arid and semi-arid land (ASAL) Divisions of Tharaka Nithi County, Kenya. The survey covered specifically Nkondi, Igambang’ombe and Tharaka Central divisions. A sample of 74 livestock farmers selected through stratified random sampling was engaged in the study. The study adopted a descriptive...

Author(s): Levi Mugalavai Musalia, Gilbert Abura Odilla, Onesmus Munene Nderi and Viona Muleke

June 2016

Evaluation of the nutritional value of soaked-boiled-fermented Java plum (Syzygium cumini) seed meal for poultry

Chemical analysis, apparent metabolizable energy (MEn), and one feeding trial were conducted to evaluate the nutritional value of Java plum seeds (JPS) that had been subjected to a combination of soaking, boiling, and fermentation (SBF). Five broiler starter diets were formulated with the processed Java plum seed meal (JPSM) comprising 0, 80, 160, 240, and 320 g/kg of the diet. The JPS before and after processing...

Author(s): E. K. Ndyomugyenyi, M. W. Okot and D. Mutetikka