This study was aimed to access the variations in serum lipid parameters based on the prandial state of adult patients. Through a cross-sectional descriptive and analytical study conducted in Parakou (Benin), from February 1 to May 1, 2020, 100 adult subjects (average age 31.21±12.36 years) were selected with systematic census. After ethical advice, a first sample was taken on empty-bellied adult subjects. Then, three additional samples were respectively taken two hours, four hours, and six hours after these subjects had eaten a meal of their choice. Serum lipid parameters were measured through enzymatic colorimetric methods. The average values of fasting lipid parameters in g/L were: Total cholesterol (1.48±0.35), HDL cholesterol (0.49±0.14), LDL cholesterol (0.84±0.36) and triglycerides (0.63±0.34). The comparison of the fasting and postprandial lipid parameters values is presented as follow: Triglyceridemia was significantly higher 2 h (P=0.000) and 4 h after meal (P=0.001). Only one type of food consumed was associated with mixed hyperlipidemia at six hours postprandial state (P=0.022). It may therefore be concluded that consumed foods do not cause most dyslipidemias 6 h in the postprandial state. During the screening for dyslipidemias in adults, the lipid profile can therefore be measured after six hours postprandial state.
Key words: Lipid profile, fasting, prandial state, adults.
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