African Journal of
Medical and Health Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Med. Health Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2384-5589
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMHS
  • Start Year: 2017
  • Published Articles: 78

Full Length Research Paper

Prevalence and associated factors of female genital mutilation among reproductive age women’s of Damot Gale Woreda, Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia: A cross-sectional study, 2018

Bargude Balta Anjulo
  • Bargude Balta Anjulo
  • Hawassa University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, College of Health Sciences, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Amanuel Fanta Lambebo
  • Amanuel Fanta Lambebo
  • Department of Nursing, Hawassa College of Health Sciences, Hawassa, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 15 July 2021
  •  Accepted: 25 August 2021
  •  Published: 30 September 2021


Female genital mutilation (FGM) is estimated to have been practiced on at least 200 million girls and women in 30 countries around the world. Clitoridoctomy is the most common type of FGM in Ethiopia. The aim of the study was to assess the magnitude of Female Genital Mutilation and associated factors among women’s in Damot Gale Woreda of Wolayita zone. A quantitative community-based cross-sectional study was used. Face-to-face interviews with prepared questionnaires were used to collect data. SPSS version 20 software was used to analyze the data. The prevalence of FGM was determined using descriptive statistics. The researchers utilized a bivariate and multivariate logistic regression model to find independent determinants of FGM. 296 women were circumcised out of a total of 333, indicating that FGM is prevalent in the research area (88.9%). Mother education (AOR: 0.454, 95% CI: 0.209-0.984), age (AOR-1.86, 95% CI: 0.42-0.98)), knowledge that FGM causes health problems (AOR: 0.356, 95% CI: 0.145-0.877), and support for tradition (AOR: 14.595, 95% CI: 3.391-6.807) were all independently linked to FGM. Prevalence of FGM was associated with age, education, knowledge of health problems and tradition.

Key words: Associated factors, female genital mutilation (FGM), prevalence, Wolayita zone.