African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5233

Article in Press

Antibiotic Resistance Pattern of Lactobacillus reuteri, Lactobacillus salivarius, and Enterococcus hirae isolated from Gastrointestinal and Respiratory Tract Bacteria in Commercial broiler chickens

Galib Ahsan, M.M. Kamal Hossain, Jahangir Alam, Md. Abdul Alim, Sabbir Ahmed, Rizone Al Hasib, Abu Reza, Masuma Anzuman, Shovon Shaha, Md. Shahedur Rahman, Mohammad Abu Hena Mostofa Jamal

  •  Received: 19 September 2023
  •  Accepted: 25 October 2023
Ever since antibiotics were discovered for the treatment of bacterial diseases, an increase in antibiotic-resistant bacteria has been noticed as an economic and public health concern with a high rate of morbidity and mortality. Antibiotic resistance in commercial poultry can be a great threat to public health. This research aimed to screen commercial poultry’s gastrointestinal and respiratory tract bacteria to observe the antibiotic resistance pattern. In this experiment, gastrointestinal tract (GIT) and respiratory tract (RT) bacteria were identified using 16S rRNA sequencing from broiler chickens in anaerobic conditions following bile salt tolerance assay and an antibiotic susceptibility test. Lactobacillus reuteri, Lactobacillus salivarius, and Enterococcus hirae were identified as the isolates. The bacteria found in the gut had a modest degree of bile salt tolerance. The isolates were sensitive to amoxicillin, gentamicin, and streptomycin but the rest were resistant. This study ensures that the GIT and RT of broiler chicken is a hidden source of the isolated bacteria and a large part of this bacterial population is antibiotic-resistant and reported as a public health concern.

Keywords: Antibiotic resistance, Commercial poultry, Gastrointestinal & Respiratory tract, Antibiotic susceptibility test