Background: Intestinal helminth is a public health problem with high mortality in pre- school and school aged children and affects the overall physiological and mental development of a child. The key objective of this work is to determine the prevalence and intensity of intestinal helminths in primary school pupils.
Methodology: Blood and Stool specimens were collected from 557 pupils and were examined for intestinal helminthiasis and anaemia respectively. Formol acetate concentration method was used to analyse the stool, after which positive ones were further analysed using Stollâ€™s method of counting helminth egg which is expressed per gram of stool, while anaemia was screened using cyanmethaemoglobin method.
Result :There were 288(51.7%) pupils infested with one or more intestinal helminthes, while 206 (37.0%) were anaemic (haemoglobin < 11g/dl). Ascaris lumbricoides was the highest 119(21.4%) intestinal helminth recorded while Strongyloides stercoralis was the least 8(1.4%). The percentage of pupils with helminthic infestation coupled with anaemic were 140(25.1%) and is statistically significant (p < 0.05). Pupils infested with hookworm had the highest prevalence of anaemia than other species.
Conclusion :This study showed that intestinal helminth is still a public health concern in the study area. This suggests that there is still need for awareness on their existence and control measures to curb the menace.
Keywords: intestinal helminth, anaemia, infestation, pupils.