Insights of maize lethal necrotic disease: A major constraint to maize production in East Africa
Maize Lethal Necrotic Disease (MLND) is a new disease in East Africa, first reported in Kenya in 2011 and then spread to Tanzania, Uganda and Rwanda. The disease is caused by Maize Chlorotic Mottle Virus (MCMV) in combination with viruses of genus Potyvirus, mostly Sugarcane Chlorotic Mottle Virus (SCMV). The co-infection is the one that results in intensive to complete yield loss. Diagnosis of MLND based on symptoms is...
Status of inducible clindamycin resistance among macrolide resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Clindamycin has long been an option for treating both methicillin sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) and methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA) infections. So, it is utmost important to perform the susceptibility test for erythromycin and clindamycin. And, there is concern on use of this antibiotic in the presence of erythromycin resistance because of the possibility of induction of cross-resistance among members of...
Study on rapid detection of seven common foodborne pathogens by gene chip
To develop a rapid, effective, specific, and sensitive method to detect foodborne pathogens, 13 sets of primers were designed to amplify the conservative and specific genes of rfbE, fliC, invA, hilA, ipaH, femA, nuc, hlyA, prfA, tuf, speB, tlh and tdh, respectively. Establishment of foodborne pathogens detection chips was conducted by spotting the target genes on the chips by Nano-PlotterTM NP 1.2 printing system. The...
Characteristics of Streptococcus and Staphylococcus strains isolated from acute cellulitis of dental origin in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Patients afflicted by acute cellulitis of dental origin are usually in need of urgent treatment. The most frequently isolated bacterial strains associated with this condition are Streptococcal and Staphylococcal species, which are also most commonly implicated with cellulitis in general. The aim of this study was to determine the antibiotic resistance profiles of Streptococcus and Staphylococcus isolated from patients...
Effect of an autochthonous starter culture, including lactococci and Geotrichum candidum strains, on the ripening of a semi-hard goatâ€™s milk cheese
Four batches of Armada semi-hard goat cheese were elaborated from pasteurized milk inoculated with a natural starter culture, constituted of two lactococci strains, combined with a Geotrichum candidum strain. The four G. candidum strains tested as co-starter were selected for their proteolytic and lipolytic activities. The effects of an autochthonous starter on physico-chemical, microbiological and sensorial...