African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5232

Full Length Research Paper

Effect of an autochthonous starter culture, including lactococci and Geotrichum candidum strains, on the ripening of a semi-hard goat’s milk cheese

Noelia Sacristán
Domingo Fernández
José M Castro
María E Tornadijo*
José M Fresno


  •  Received: 29 October 2015
  •  Accepted: 09 February 2016
  •  Published: 07 March 2016

Abstract

Four batches of Armada semi-hard goat cheese were elaborated from pasteurized milk inoculated with a natural starter culture, constituted of two lactococci strains, combined with a Geotrichum candidum strain. The four G. candidum strains tested as co-starter were selected for their proteolytic and lipolytic activities. The effects of an autochthonous starter on physico-chemical, microbiological and sensorial characteristics during the ripening of this cheese were evaluated. The depth of proteolysis was very low, which confirms the presence of low-level aminopeptidase activity. Fungal population was involved in lipolysis. The cheeses elaborated with G. candidum strains developed a desirable flavour characteristic of goat cheese and a creamy texture. Cheeses from batch I (that included the strain of G. candidum with high lipolytic activity and low proteolytic activity) presented a hardness profile that differed from the others, as it was the batch with the highest scores at thirty days of ripening and was even the best evaluated at the end of ripening because of their odour, fresh balanced pleasant taste and creamy smooth texture.

Key words: Cheese, starter culture, Geotrichum candidum, lactic acid bacteria.