African Journal of
Plant Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Plant Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0824
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 806


Alleviation of Huanglongbing disease in citrus by foliar application of microelements

Inoue Haruhiko
  • Inoue Haruhiko
  • Division of Plant Molecular Regulation, Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, National Agriculture and Food Research Organization, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8605, Japan.
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Masaoka Yoshikuni
  • Masaoka Yoshikuni
  • Graduate School of Biosphere Science, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8528, Japan.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 28 February 2022
  •  Accepted: 19 July 2022
  •  Published: 31 August 2022


Huanglongbing (HLB), also referred to as citrus greening disease, ranks high among the most destructive diseases in citrus plants worldwide. This disease is caused by the Gram-negative bacterium Candidatus Liberibacter species. As a strategy for the appropriate management of this disease has not been established yet, economic cultivation of citrus in the diseased areas has mostly ceased. One of the most conspicuous phenotypic characteristics of this disease is the chlorosis caused by bacterial plaques in the plant phloem systems due to microelement deficiency. Therefore, the effects of the disease may be mitigated with sufficient supply of these nutrients. This may in turn lead to the establishment of a strategy to manage the disease symptoms, even though trees might not completely recover. Such management would at least enhance the longevity of trees and contribute to an increase in their yield. Thus, an approach of reviewing microelement function might provide insights that can be translated into strategies for HLB management.


Key words: Citrus, HLB, nutrient, micronutrient, pathogen.