African Journal of
Plant Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Plant Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0824
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 805

Full Length Research Paper

Prospecting, survey and plant material collection for Hibiscus sabdariffa L. (Malvaceae) genebank establishment in Côte d'Ivoire

Gnigouan Kadio Guy Roland Anzara
  • Gnigouan Kadio Guy Roland Anzara
  • UFR Agroforesterie, University of Jean Lorougnon Guédé (UJLoG), Daloa, BP 150, Côte D’Ivoire.
  • Google Scholar
Chia Michelle Valérie Angui
  • Chia Michelle Valérie Angui
  • UFR des Sciences de la Nature, University of Nangui Abrogoua (UNA), 02 BP 801 Abidjan 02, Côte D’ivoire.
  • Google Scholar
Saraka Didier Martial Yao
  • Saraka Didier Martial Yao
  • Shea Breeding Programme, UPR Génétique, Département de Biochimie-Génétique, UFR des Sciences Biologiques, University of Peleforo Gon Coulibaly (UPGC), BP 1328 Korhogo, Côte d’Ivoire.
  • Google Scholar
Nafan Diarrassouba
  • Nafan Diarrassouba
  • Shea Breeding Programme, UPR Génétique, Département de Biochimie-Génétique, UFR des Sciences Biologiques, University of Peleforo Gon Coulibaly (UPGC), BP 1328 Korhogo, Côte d’Ivoire.
  • Google Scholar
Doffou Selastique Akaffou
  • Doffou Selastique Akaffou
  • UFR Agroforesterie, University of Jean Lorougnon Guédé (UJLoG), Daloa, BP 150, Côte D’Ivoire.
  • Google Scholar
Raoul Sylvère Sie
  • Raoul Sylvère Sie
  • UFR des Sciences de la Nature, University of Nangui Abrogoua (UNA), 02 BP 801 Abidjan 02, Côte D’ivoire.
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Bi Irié Arsène Zoro
  • Bi Irié Arsène Zoro
  • UFR des Sciences de la Nature, University of Nangui Abrogoua (UNA), 02 BP 801 Abidjan 02, Côte D’ivoire.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 16 July 2023
  •  Accepted: 10 October 2023
  •  Published: 31 October 2023

Abstract

Hibiscus sabdariffa L. (Malvaceae) is a plant whose leaves and calyxes are integral to the local diet. The leaves are commonly used in sauce preparations, while the calyxes are utilized in making the local drink known as "bissap," which is highly appreciated by the local population. Despite its socio-economic significance, the production of this species remains relatively low in Côte d'Ivoire. This decline in yield may be attributed to the lack of available information regarding the identification of different H. sabdariffa cultivars. To establish a comprehensive database, a survey and collection of various local cultivars of H. sabdariffa were conducted in 12 locations across Côte d'Ivoire. In total, 80 accessions were recorded, with 53.75% of them located in the North. Among these collected accessions, two primary cultivar types were identified based on calyx coloration: the red type (Hibiscus sabdariffa var sabdariffa) and the green type (Hibiscus sabdariffa var altissima). Within these two types, the presence of other morphotypes has been observed. Cultivation and trade of these cultivars are primarily carried out by women, with over 90% of them having no formal education. The price of calyxes of the red type varies from 3000 to 4700 FCFA per kg, providing an opportunity for farmers to diversify their sources of income. The various accessions collected thus constitute a substantial genetic reservoir necessary for the development of new H. sabdariffa varieties.

 

Key words: Hibiscus sabdariffa, ex-situ, Collection, Seed genebank, Côte d'Ivoire.