African Journal of
Plant Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Plant Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0824
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 808

Full Length Research Paper

Habitat studies for conservation of medicinal orchids of Uttarakhand, Western Himalaya

Jeewan Singh Jalal1* and Gopal Singh Rawat2
  1Department of Botany, D.S.B.Campus, Nainital-263002, Kumaun University, Uttarakhand, India. 2Department of Habitat Ecology, Wildlife Institute of India, Post Box-18, Chandrabani, Dehradun-248001, Uttarakhand, India.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 17 July 2009
  •  Published: 30 September 2009



An extensive sampling was conducted for medicinal orchids in the state of Uttarakhand between the years 2003 to 2005 covering an altitudinal range of 600 – 3600 m. Transects of 1 km length were laid randomly in various habitat types depending upon the geographical coverage of the habitats.  Six medicinal orchid species belonging to four genera were recorded in different habitats. Dactylorhiza hatagirea and Habenaria intermedia are highly endangered in the state. A total of seven habitat types were identified where medicinal orchids were found. Among seven habitats Banj-oak habitat was found the most suitable habitat for the orchids followed by Mixed-oak and Banj Grassy Slopes.


Key words: Uttarakhand, medicinal orchids, habitat, Banj-oak, Dactylorhiza hatagirea, Habenaria intermedia.