African Journal of
Political Science and International Relations

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0832
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPSIR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 403

Full Length Research Paper

Electoral institutions and management of elections in Nigeria and Ghana: A comparative assessment

Lukman Olalekan Aliyu
  • Lukman Olalekan Aliyu
  • Department of Politics and Governance, Faculty of Humanities, Management and Social Science, Kwara State University, Malete, Kwara State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Abdulrauf Ambali
  • Abdulrauf Ambali
  • Department of Politics and Governance, Faculty of Humanities, Management and Social Science, Kwara State University, Malete, Kwara State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 08 August 2020
  •  Accepted: 06 January 2021
  •  Published: 30 April 2021


Adetula AO (2007). "The Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) and the 2003 Elections: An Evaluation" in Albert, I. O. and Adetula (eds); Perspectives on the 2003 Elections in Nigeria. Abuja IDASA Publisher Limited.


Agbaje A, Jibrin I, Fayehun F, Adewale A (2011). Voter Apathy and the 2011 Elections in Nigeria" A Research Report Commissioned by the Independent National Electoral Commission INEC and The Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES) Lagos, (Nig), Muhamsaid Commercial Press.


Agbaje T (2015). Electoral Violence Worst in Rivers, Akwa Ibom-EU Observers" Newswatch Times.


Aliyu LO (2017). The Impact of Electoral Reforms in Nigeria: A Comparative Analysis of the Outcome of Elections between 1999-2007 and 2011-2015 Eras. MSc. Theses; Kwara State University Malete; Published by Proquest LLC Ann Arbor, USA.


Almond G, Bingbam G, Dalton R, Strom K (2011). Interest Aggregation and Political Parties" In: Almond, G. Bingham, G. el al (eds.) Comparative Politics Today: A World View. India, Dorling Kindersley Limited.


Amankwaah C (2013). Election-Related Violence: The case of Ghana. United Kingdom; Nordiska Africa Institutet, Uppsala.


Beckett P (2011). The Elections in Nigeria: Slouching towards democracy in the rag blog of 29 April 2011, retrieved online on 9th November, 2020.


Birch S (2011). Electoral Malpractice. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.


Bratton M, Van de Walle N (1997). Democratic Experiments in Africa: Regime Transitions in Comparative Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University.


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Ebirim SI (2013)."Assessment of the Performance of Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) in the 2011 Gubernatorial Election in South Eastern Nigeria. In Global Journal of Political Science and Administration. Published by European Centre for Research and Development UK 1(2):1-22.


Electoral Commission of Ghana (2008). View


Elklit J, Reynolds A (2002). The Impact of Election Administration on the Legitimacy of Emerging Democracies: A New Comparative Politics Research Agenda. Commonwealth and Comparative Politics 40(2):86-119.


Fabiyi O (2015). My regret as INEC Chairman-Jega. Punch Newspaper Available at:



Fall MI, Houkpe M, Jinadu A, Kambale P (2011). Election Management Bodies in West Africa: A Comparative Study of the Contribution of Electoral Commissions to the Strengthening of Democracy; South Africa. Open Society Foundations.


Global Commission on Elections (2012). The Report of the Global Commission on Elections, Democracy and Security: Deepening Democracy; A Strategy for improving the Integrity of Elections Worldwide. Available at:



Hounkpe M, Fall MI (2011). Electoral Commissions in West Africa: A Comparative Study; second edition. Abuja (Nig); Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung.


James TS (2014). "Electoral Management and Electoral Integrity: Lesson for Britain". School of Political, Social and International Studies, University of Anglia. 


Jega AM (2011). Nigeria's 2011 General Elections: The International Dimensions and Challenges. Lecture series No 89, Lagos (Nig.); Nigerian Institute of International Affairs.


Jibrin I (2010). Civil Society Election situation room statement on April 26 Election Punch Newspaper.


Jinadu LA (1997). Matter Arising: African Elections and the Problem of Electoral Administration. In African Journal of Political Science 2(1):1-11.


Jockers H, Kohnert D, Nugent P (2009). The Successful Ghana Election of 2008: A Convenient Myth? Ethnicity in Ghana's Election Revisited.


Klein K (1995). Approaches to Conducting Elections: Why an Electoral Commission?" Paper prepared at IFES for presentation to the Constitutional Assembly of the Republic of South Africa. Cape Town.


Lopez-Pinto R (2000). Electoral Management Bodies as Institutions of Governance; Bureau for Development Policy, United Nations Development Program (UNDP).


Lundstedt M, Edgell AB (2020). Institutions of Electoral Integrity and Clientelism: The Role of Electoral Management Bodies. The Varieties of Democracy Institute, Working Paper. Department of Political Science University of Gothenburg.


News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) (2015). "International Observers Call for Cancellation of Rivers State Election Results." Available at:



Norris P (2014). Why Electoral Integrity Matters. New York: Cambridge University Press.


Omeiza MD (2012). "Analysis of the Structure of Nigeria's Independent National Electoral Commission (199-2011)". European Scientific Journal 8(3)1857-7881.


Omotola JS (2010). "Elections and Democratic Transition in Nigeria Under the Fourth Republic, African Affairs, 109/437; Oxford University Press pp. 535-553.


Omotola JS (2014). "The Africa Union and the Promotion of Democratic Values in Africa: An Electoral Perspective" South Africa Institute of International Affairs (SIIA); Occasional Paper No 185.


Oquaye M (2012). "Strengthening Ghana's Electoral System: A Precondition for Stability and Development". The Institute of Economic Affairs; Accra. A Public Policy Institute: Available at:



Pastor RA (1999). The role of electoral administration in democratic transitions: Implications for policy and research. Democratization 6(4):1-7.


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Urji N, Nzodi N (2012). Post-Election Violence in Nigeria: Experiences with 2011 Elections; Open Society Initiative for West Africa; Policy and Legal Advocacy Centre (PLAC).


William AD (2008). "Electoral Systems". In International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. Macmillan Reference 2:560-562.