International Journal of
English and Literature

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. English Lit.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2626
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJEL
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 278


Playing cat and dreaming butterfly – Skepticism of Montaigne and Zhuangzi

  • YANG Chen
  • Department of English and Related Literature, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, University of York, United Kingdom.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 05 November 2021
  •  Published: 30 April 2022


Many scholars refer to Montaigne and Zhuangzi as “skeptics” because of their opinions on ethics, religion and language. Therefore, a detailed study on their philosophical thinking is conducted in terms of the four branches of modern skepticism: ethical skepticism, linguistic skepticism, epistemological skepticism and sensory skepticism. Then, in order to determine whether Montaigne and Zhuangzi treat skepticism as an instrument or belief, the intentions of their writing are explored. Finally, it raises questions on the legibility of comparative study and cross-cultural study and gives justifications.


Key words: Comparative literature, philosophy, skepticism.